Literary Theory: An Introduction Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. According to Eagleton, "any method or theory which will contribute to the strategic goal of human emancipation" is what?
(a) "Naive."
(b) "Redundant."
(c) "Critical."
(d) "Acceptable."

2. According to Eagleton, why is it an illusion to think that he can be present to us in what he says and writes?
(a) Because he is a concrete entity but language is not.
(b) Because he is no longer present in the world but in some other present in the future.
(c) Because language is only a tool, not something he is made of.
(d) Because the language he uses is not a tool but something he is made of and therefore always divided.

3. According to Eagleton, what is the oldest form of literary criticism?
(a) Philosophy.
(b) Rhetoric.
(c) Religion.
(d) Sociology.

4. According to Sigmund Freud, what is the name of the complex whereby a child experiences an unconscious desire for sexual union with its same sex parent?
(a) The Pandora complex.
(b) The Oedipus complex.
(c) The Medusa complex.
(d) The Eros complex.

5. According to Eagleton, why does Northrop Frye emphasize the "utopian root of literature"?
(a) Because it is marked by a deep sorrow for the actual social world.
(b) Because it is marked by a deep immersion in the actual social world.
(c) Because it is marked by a deep fear of the actual social world.
(d) Because it is marked by a deep relation to the actual social world.

Short Answer Questions

1. According to Eagleton, "the idea that there are 'non-political' forms of criticism" is a what?

2. According to Eagleton, why is Sigmund Freud's discussion of women problematic?

3. According to Eagleton, the women's movement is not just about women having equal status and power as men, it is what?

4. Who said "there is no cultural document that is not at the same time a record of barbarism"?

5. Why do feminists embrace the work of Jacques Lacan, despite the fact that he was contemptuous of the women's movement?

Short Essay Questions

1. How did post-structuralism develop and why is it significant?

2. What is Sigmund Freud's Oedipus complex and why is it significant?

3. What is multiple pluralism and why does Eagleton object to it?

4. What was a "healthy" sign according to Roland Barthes and why is it significant?

5. What is structuralism and how what does it share in common with formalism?

6. What are the three stages of development in psychoanalysis and how do they relate to literary theory?

7. How did Northrop Frye attempt to combine the formalist focus on the text with the essence of new American criticism?

8. For Roland Barthes, what does literature embody and why is it significant?

9. Why does Eagleton reject the idea of a disconnected individual in society?

10. According to Eagleton, why should rhetorical science replace literary theory and what is its objective?

(see the answer keys)

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