Literary Theory: An Introduction Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. The English philosopher J. L. Austin saw language as what?
(a) Progressive.
(b) Pejorative.
(c) Performative.
(d) Penultimate.

2. According to Eagleton, if structuralism examined the "product" of literature, but left out what?
(a) The immaterial conditions inherent in the product.
(b) The material conditions that destroyed literature.
(c) The material conditions that produced literature.
(d) The immaterial conditions that produced literature.

3. According to Sigmund Freud, what is the process by which human beings cope with desires they cannot fulfill by directing them towards a more socially valued goal?
(a) Transference.
(b) Idealization.
(c) Repression.
(d) Sublimation.

4. According to Eagleton, why is Shakespeare considered great literature?
(a) Because the literary institution constitues him as great literature.
(b) Because the masses constitute him as great literature.
(c) Because he is better than other literature.
(d) Because he is great literature.

5. What year did France's student movement strike against the authoritarianism of the educational institutions and in solidarity with the working-class?
(a) 1968.
(b) 1958.
(c) 1978.
(d) 1988.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Sigmund Freud see as the "royal road" to the unconscious?

2. According to the feminist philosopher Julia Kristeva, the language of the semiotic is a means of what?

3. What is the "impotence" of liberal humanism a symptom of, according to Eagleton?

4. According to Sigmund Freud, what distinguishes humans from other animals?

5. According to Eagleton, why is Sigmund Freud's discussion of women problematic?

Short Essay Questions

1. Why does Eagleton reject the idea of a disconnected individual in society?

2. What is structuralism and how what does it share in common with formalism?

3. According to Sigmund Freud, what are the two conflicting principles that all people are motivated by and why is it significant?

4. For Roland Barthes, what does literature embody and why is it significant?

5. How does the philosopher Jacques Derrida conceive of language?

6. How did Northrop Frye attempt to combine the formalist focus on the text with the essence of new American criticism?

7. Who is Ferdinand de Saussure and what was his contribution to the field of literary theory?

8. What are the three stages of development in psychoanalysis and how do they relate to literary theory?

9. What is multiple pluralism and why does Eagleton object to it?

10. According to Eagleton, why should the notion of literary theory be abolished?

(see the answer keys)

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