Literary Theory: An Introduction Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Roland Barthes "double" sign is the "grandchild" of what kind of language of the Formalist and Czech structuralists?
(a) Unconscious.
(b) Religious.
(c) Temporal.
(d) Estranged.

2. According to Eagleton, one of the gains of structuralism is that it represents a "remorseless _____of literature."
(a) Mystification.
(b) Rationlization.
(c) Demystification.
(d) Idealization.

3. According to Eagleton, there are forms of post-structuralism that represent what kind of withdrawal from history?
(a) Intellectual.
(b) Hedonist.
(c) Pragmatic.
(d) Calm.

4. What three neurotic symptoms can a person develop that are the result of internal conflict, according to Sigmund Freud?
(a) Pain, hysteria, and fatigue.
(b) Obsession, phobia, and depression.
(c) Fatigue, pain, and depression.
(d) Obsession, hysteria, and phobia.

5. The transition from structuralism to post-structuralism is partly in response to what movement?
(a) Christian movement.
(b) Women's movement.
(c) Student movement.
(d) Marxist's movement.

Short Answer Questions

1. What commonality does structuralism and phenomenology share, according to Eagleton?

2. Jacques Lacan argues that like _______ desire emerges from a lack, which it strives to fulfill.

3. According to Sigmund Freud, what is the process by which human beings cope with desires they cannot fulfill by directing them towards a more socially valued goal?

4. What is the "impotence" of liberal humanism a symptom of, according to Eagleton?

5. What text did Tzvetan Todorov attempt a grammatical analysis of so that the characters were nouns, their attributes adjectives, and actions verbs?

Short Essay Questions

1. How did Northrop Frye attempt to combine the formalist focus on the text with the essence of new American criticism?

2. Why does Eagleton claim that Northrop Frye's work emphasized the "utopian root'" of all literature and what is his response?

3. For Roland Barthes, what does literature embody and why is it significant?

4. Why does Eagleton reject the idea of a disconnected individual in society?

5. What does Julia Kristeva define as "semiotic" and why is it significant?

6. According to Sigmund Freud, what are the two conflicting principles that all people are motivated by and why is it significant?

7. Why does Eagleton argue that politics should engage with questions of sexual ideology?

8. What is Eagleton's main critique of the some forms of post-structuralism and why is it significant?

9. How does Julia Kristeva view language and why is it significant?

10. What was the significance of the Prague structuralists?

(see the answer keys)

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