Literary Theory: An Introduction Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. According to Eagleton, "the meaning of a sign is a matter of what the sign is _____."
(a) Doing.
(b) Signifying.
(c) For.
(d) Not.

2. The transition from structuralism to post-structuralism is partly in response to what movement?
(a) Christian movement.
(b) Women's movement.
(c) Student movement.
(d) Marxist's movement.

3. According to Eagleton, structuralism is a ________of inquiry whereas semiotics is a ______ of study.
(a) Manner; field.
(b) Type; manner.
(c) Field; type.
(d) Method; field.

4. According to Jacques Lacan, what is the "symbolic order"?
(a) It is the reconciliation of an imaginary conflict with the parental figures.
(b) It is the pre-given structure of social and sexual desires that make up a self.
(c) It is the emergence of an imaginary conflict with the parental figures.
(d) It is the pre-given structure of social and sexual roles that make up the family and society.

5. In American deconstruction, why does literary criticism become an "ironic, uneasy business"?
(a) Because it lays bare the illusoriness of meaning.
(b) Because it lays bare the physicality of meaning.
(c) Because it lays bare the temporality of meaning.
(d) Because it lays bare the permanence of meaning.

Short Answer Questions

1. Jacques Lacan argues that like _______ desire emerges from a lack, which it strives to fulfill.

2. What text did Tzvetan Todorov attempt a grammatical analysis of so that the characters were nouns, their attributes adjectives, and actions verbs?

3. What is the "impotence" of liberal humanism a symptom of, according to Eagleton?

4. What is the name of the Yale theorist who believed that all language is metaphorical?

5. According to Eagleton, the Western philosophical tradition has "consistently vilified" what?

Short Essay Questions

1. According to Eagleton, why should the notion of literary theory be abolished?

2. What are the three stages of development in psychoanalysis and how do they relate to literary theory?

3. What is structuralism's lasting impact on literary theory and what is Eagleton's critique of their methodology?

4. Who is Ferdinand de Saussure and what was his contribution to the field of literary theory?

5. For Roland Barthes, what does literature embody and why is it significant?

6. How does the philosopher Jacques Derrida conceive of language?

7. How did Mikhail Bakhtin view language?

8. What is the dominant ideology within academia and what are its major problems?

9. Beyond helping the status of women, what is the women's movement's goal and why is it significant?

10. How did Northrop Frye attempt to combine the formalist focus on the text with the essence of new American criticism?

(see the answer keys)

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