Literary Theory: An Introduction Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. According to Sigmund Freud, what distinguishes humans from other animals?
(a) We are born helpless and dependent.
(b) We have unfulfilled desires.
(c) We mature early and die later.
(d) We experience pain.

2. What is one problem of adopting a plurality of critical methods, for Eagleton?
(a) One should start from the beginning.
(b) Some methods are no longer available.
(c) Not all methods are compatible.
(d) One should adopt the latest method.

3. Why is structuralism "anti-humanist," for Eagleton?
(a) Because it rejected the myth that humanity was humane.
(b) Because it rejected the myth the individual experience begins and ends with structure.
(c) Because it rejected the myth that meaning begins and ends with individual experience.
(d) Because it rejected the myth that individuality was humanist.

4. What three neurotic symptoms can a person develop that are the result of internal conflict, according to Sigmund Freud?
(a) Obsession, phobia, and depression.
(b) Fatigue, pain, and depression.
(c) Obsession, hysteria, and phobia.
(d) Pain, hysteria, and fatigue.

5. According to Eagleton, what is the oldest form of literary criticism?
(a) Religion.
(b) Sociology.
(c) Philosophy.
(d) Rhetoric.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Sigmund Freud see as the "royal road" to the unconscious?

2. In structuralism, the relationship between the sign and what it refers to is what?

3. For the literary theorist, Mikhail Bakhtin, "linguistic community" was what kind of society?

4. What is the name of the author whose story "Sarrasine" Roland Barthes examines in "S/Z"?

5. From a structuralist perspective, why could literature could no longer claim to be a unique discourse?

Short Essay Questions

1. Beyond helping the status of women, what is the women's movement's goal and why is it significant?

2. What is significant about the ways in which Sigmund Freud treated women and men?

3. Why does Eagleton claim that Northrop Frye's work emphasized the "utopian root'" of all literature and what is his response?

4. How did Northrop Frye attempt to combine the formalist focus on the text with the essence of new American criticism?

5. What are the three stages of development in psychoanalysis and how do they relate to literary theory?

6. What was a "healthy" sign according to Roland Barthes and why is it significant?

7. What is Eagleton's main critique of the some forms of post-structuralism and why is it significant?

8. What is the dominant ideology within academia and what are its major problems?

9. According to Eagleton, why should the notion of literary theory be abolished?

10. Why does Eagleton argue that politics should engage with questions of sexual ideology?

(see the answer keys)

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