Literary Theory: An Introduction Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. According to Jacques Lacan, what stage does a child first develop an ego?
(a) During the Oedipal stage.
(b) During the post-Oedipal stage.
(c) During the imaginary stage.
(d) During the mirror stage.

2. According to Eagleton, why is it an illusion to think that he can be present to us in what he says and writes?
(a) Because he is a concrete entity but language is not.
(b) Because language is only a tool, not something he is made of.
(c) Because the language he uses is not a tool but something he is made of and therefore always divided.
(d) Because he is no longer present in the world but in some other present in the future.

3. What is one problem of adopting a plurality of critical methods, for Eagleton?
(a) One should start from the beginning.
(b) Some methods are no longer available.
(c) One should adopt the latest method.
(d) Not all methods are compatible.

4. What commonality does structuralism and phenomenology share, according to Eagleton?
(a) They both immerse themselves in the material world in order to become conscious of it.
(b) They both immerse themselves in the material world in order to understand the subconscious.
(c) They both shut out the material world in order to revert to pre-consciousness.
(d) They both shut out the material world in order to understand our consciousness of it.

5. What is the object named literature, according to Eagleton?
(a) The literary canon.
(b) There is no one object.
(c) All writing.
(d) Classic writing.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Jacques Derrida label any thought system which depends on an unassailable foundation?

2. According to Eagleton, structuralism maintains that "individual units of any system have meaning only by virtue of" what?

3. According to Eagleton, why did the women's movement reject the economic focus of classical Marxist thought?

4. What are Northrop Frye's three recurrent patterns of symbolism in literature?

5. What is the name of two principles Sigmund Freud identified?

Short Essay Questions

1. How does Julia Kristeva view language and why is it significant?

2. For Roland Barthes, what does literature embody and why is it significant?

3. What is the dominant ideology within academia and what are its major problems?

4. How did post-structuralism develop and why is it significant?

5. What is structuralism and how what does it share in common with formalism?

6. What was a "healthy" sign according to Roland Barthes and why is it significant?

7. Why does Eagleton argue that politics should engage with questions of sexual ideology?

8. What are the three stages of development in psychoanalysis and how do they relate to literary theory?

9. Why does Eagleton claim that Northrop Frye's work emphasized the "utopian root'" of all literature and what is his response?

10. How did Mikhail Bakhtin view language?

(see the answer keys)

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