|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Why should politics engage with questions of sexual ideology, according to Eagleton?
(a) Because sexism and gender roles are not deeply integrated in human experience.
(b) Because sexism and gender roles should persist in human experience.
(c) Because sexism and gender roles are deeply integrated in human experience.
(d) Because sexism and gender roles do not exist in human experience.
2. What commonality does structuralism and phenomenology share, according to Eagleton?
(a) They both immerse themselves in the material world in order to become conscious of it.
(b) They both shut out the material world in order to understand our consciousness of it.
(c) They both immerse themselves in the material world in order to understand the subconscious.
(d) They both shut out the material world in order to revert to pre-consciousness.
3. The English philosopher J. L. Austin saw language as what?
4. According to Eagleton, there are forms of post-structuralism that represent what kind of withdrawal from history?
5. In American deconstruction, why does literary criticism become an "ironic, uneasy business"?
(a) Because it lays bare the illusoriness of meaning.
(b) Because it lays bare the permanence of meaning.
(c) Because it lays bare the physicality of meaning.
(d) Because it lays bare the temporality of meaning.
Short Answer Questions
1. According to Eagleton, who would an ideal reader be for a structuralist?
2. According to Eagleton, what term is "most-widely touted" in cultural theory?
3. In psychoanalytic treatment, what happens during transference?
4. According to Eagleton, one of the gains of structuralism is that it represents a "remorseless _____of literature."
5. According to Eagleton, why is Shakespeare considered great literature?
Short Essay Questions
1. What was the significance of the Prague structuralists?
2. Beyond helping the status of women, what is the women's movement's goal and why is it significant?
3. Who is Ferdinand de Saussure and what was his contribution to the field of literary theory?
4. Why does Eagleton claim that Northrop Frye's work emphasized the "utopian root'" of all literature and what is his response?
5. During the 1960s and 1970s why did feminist scholars reject Marxist thought on the left?
6. Why does Eagleton argue that politics should engage with questions of sexual ideology?
7. How did Northrop Frye attempt to combine the formalist focus on the text with the essence of new American criticism?
8. What is multiple pluralism and why does Eagleton object to it?
9. What are the four areas Eagleton discusses rhetoric should target that would bring about transformation in society?
10. How did post-structuralism develop and why is it significant?
This section contains 835 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)