Literary Theory: An Introduction Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. According to Eagleton, structuralism maintains that "individual units of any system have meaning only by virtue of" what?
(a) Their meaning for the critic.
(b) Their relations to one another.
(c) Their status in the world.
(d) Their connection to religion.

2. What is the name of two principles Sigmund Freud identified?
(a) Pleasure principle and reality principle.
(b) Pleasure principle and rational principle.
(c) Ideal principle and reality principle.
(d) Rational principle and ideal principle.

3. When did Sigmund Freud develop psychoanalysis?
(a) Mid-nineteenth century.
(b) Mid-twentieth century.
(c) Late-twentieth century.
(d) Late-nineteenth century.

4. According to Eagleton, what is the oldest form of literary criticism?
(a) Rhetoric.
(b) Religion.
(c) Sociology.
(d) Philosophy.

5. In psychoanalytic treatment, what happens during transference?
(a) The patient "transfers" on to the analyst feelings she or he experiences.
(b) The analyst "transfers" on to the patient the diagnosis.
(c) The analyst "transfers" on to the patient the conflicts she or he suffers from.
(d) The patient "transfers" on to the analyst the conflicts she or he suffers from.

Short Answer Questions

1. What is the name of the author whose story "Sarrasine" Roland Barthes examines in "S/Z"?

2. In structuralism, the relationship between the sign and what it refers to is what?

3. According to Eagleton, structuralism has proved that there is nothing _____ about codes.

4. Why should politics engage with questions of sexual ideology, according to Eagleton?

5. From a structuralist perspective, why could literature could no longer claim to be a unique discourse?

Short Essay Questions

1. What does Julia Kristeva define as "semiotic" and why is it significant?

2. How does the philosopher Jacques Derrida conceive of language?

3. What was the significance of the Prague structuralists?

4. What are the four areas Eagleton discusses rhetoric should target that would bring about transformation in society?

5. Beyond helping the status of women, what is the women's movement's goal and why is it significant?

6. What was a "healthy" sign according to Roland Barthes and why is it significant?

7. How did post-structuralism develop and why is it significant?

8. How does Julia Kristeva view language and why is it significant?

9. According to Eagleton, why should the notion of literary theory be abolished?

10. According to Sigmund Freud, what are the two conflicting principles that all people are motivated by and why is it significant?

(see the answer keys)

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