Literary Theory: An Introduction Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What literary movement, according to Eagleton, "brought structuralist and post-structuralist criticism to birth in the first place"?
(a) Modernism.
(b) Romanticism.
(c) Surrealism.
(d) Post-modernism.

2. According to Eagleton, what is the oldest form of literary criticism?
(a) Rhetoric.
(b) Religion.
(c) Philosophy.
(d) Sociology.

3. Jacques Lacan argues that like _______ desire emerges from a lack, which it strives to fulfill.
(a) Identity.
(b) Faith.
(c) Myth.
(d) Language.

4. What is NOT a material reality in the oppression of women?
(a) Equal wages.
(b) Motherhood.
(c) Unequal wages.
(d) Job Discrimination.

5. What is the name of the Yale theorist who believed that all language is metaphorical?
(a) Northrop Frye.
(b) Julia Kristeva.
(c) Michel Foucault.
(d) Paul de Man.

Short Answer Questions

1. According to Eagleton, why did the women's movement reject the economic focus of classical Marxist thought?

2. What commonality does structuralism and phenomenology share, according to Eagleton?

3. According to Sigmund Freud, what is the process by which human beings cope with desires they cannot fulfill by directing them towards a more socially valued goal?

4. For Jacques Lacan, "meaning is always in some sense an _______."

5. Eagleton writes that his book is less an introduction to literary theory than a what?

Short Essay Questions

1. Why does Eagleton reject the idea of a disconnected individual in society?

2. Who developed semiotics and what was his contribution to literary theory?

3. Beyond helping the status of women, what is the women's movement's goal and why is it significant?

4. What was a "healthy" sign according to Roland Barthes and why is it significant?

5. What is Sigmund Freud's Oedipus complex and why is it significant?

6. How does the philosopher Jacques Derrida conceive of language?

7. According to Sigmund Freud, what are the two conflicting principles that all people are motivated by and why is it significant?

8. What are the four areas Eagleton discusses rhetoric should target that would bring about transformation in society?

9. During the 1960s and 1970s why did feminist scholars reject Marxist thought on the left?

10. Why does Eagleton claim that Northrop Frye's work emphasized the "utopian root'" of all literature and what is his response?

(see the answer keys)

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