Literary Theory: An Introduction Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. According to Eagleton, why does Northrop Frye emphasize the "utopian root of literature"?
(a) Because it is marked by a deep sorrow for the actual social world.
(b) Because it is marked by a deep relation to the actual social world.
(c) Because it is marked by a deep fear of the actual social world.
(d) Because it is marked by a deep immersion in the actual social world.

2. For Jacques Lacan, "meaning is always in some sense an _______."
(a) Abdication.
(b) Amalgamation.
(c) Approximation.
(d) Allocation.

3. According to Jacques Lacan, what stage does a child first develop an ego?
(a) During the post-Oedipal stage.
(b) During the Oedipal stage.
(c) During the imaginary stage.
(d) During the mirror stage.

4. According to Eagleton, the Western philosophical tradition has "consistently vilified" what?
(a) Speech.
(b) Writing.
(c) Man.
(d) Myth.

5. What is the "literary canon"?
(a) Writing selected as amenable to a certain discourse.
(b) Writing selected as more valuable than real life.
(c) Writing excluded from a certain discourse.
(d) Writing selected as representative of real life.

Short Answer Questions

1. In American deconstruction, why does literary criticism become an "ironic, uneasy business"?

2. What year did France's student movement strike against the authoritarianism of the educational institutions and in solidarity with the working-class?

3. Why do feminists embrace the work of Jacques Lacan, despite the fact that he was contemptuous of the women's movement?

4. According to Eagleton, "the idea that there are 'non-political' forms of criticism" is a what?

5. When did Sigmund Freud develop psychoanalysis?

Short Essay Questions

1. According to Eagleton, why should the notion of literary theory be abolished?

2. How did Northrop Frye attempt to combine the formalist focus on the text with the essence of new American criticism?

3. What is Sigmund Freud's Oedipus complex and why is it significant?

4. How does the philosopher Jacques Derrida conceive of language?

5. What is the dominant ideology within academia and what are its major problems?

6. What is multiple pluralism and why does Eagleton object to it?

7. What was the significance of the Prague structuralists?

8. According to Eagleton, why should rhetorical science replace literary theory and what is its objective?

9. Why does Eagleton claim that Northrop Frye's work emphasized the "utopian root'" of all literature and what is his response?

10. For Roland Barthes, what does literature embody and why is it significant?

(see the answer keys)

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