Literary Theory: An Introduction Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What is the "final logical move" for literary theory, according to Eagleton?
(a) To distance itself from the text.
(b) To recognize that it is an illusion.
(c) To subjugate literature for its own ends.
(d) To privatize theory for the general public.

2. What is the difference between metaphor and metonymy?
(a) In metaphor one sign is privileged over another; in metonymy one sign is associated with another.
(b) In metaphor one sign is substituted for another; in metonymy one sign is privileged over another.
(c) In metaphor one sign is subtituted for another; in metonymy one sign is associated with another.
(d) In metaphor one sign is equal to another; in metonymy one sign is less than another.

3. According to Eagleton, what "staggering fact" could not be put right by a theoretical technique?
(a) That there was no time in history where half of the human race was not considered inferior.
(b) That there was no time in history where women were not considered superior.
(c) There was no time in history where half of the human race fought for equality.
(d) There was no time in history where women and men were antagonists.

4. Why is psychosis difficult to cope with, according to Sigmund Freud?
(a) Because psychosis is difficult to perceive.
(b) Because psychosis is only treatable with shock therapy.
(c) Because the psychotic is violent.
(d) Because the psychotic has lost contact with reality.

5. What are Northrop Frye's four narrative categories at the root of all literature?
(a) Romantic, tragic, idealism, ironic.
(b) Fiction, fact, reality, idealism.
(c) Comic, reality, idealism, tragic.
(d) Comic, romantic, tragic, ironic.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Sigmund Freud see as the "royal road" to the unconscious?

2. In structuralism, the relationship between the sign and what it refers to is what?

3. What is the name of the author whose story "Sarrasine" Roland Barthes examines in "S/Z"?

4. What is the example Eagleton provides of a metalanguage, where one sign-system denotes another sign-system?

5. According to Eagleton, why did intellectuals preoccupy themselves with language in the late-nineteenth and twentieth centuries?

Short Essay Questions

1. What was a "healthy" sign according to Roland Barthes and why is it significant?

2. How does the philosopher Jacques Derrida conceive of language?

3. What was the significance of the Prague structuralists?

4. What does Julia Kristeva define as "semiotic" and why is it significant?

5. What are the three stages of development in psychoanalysis and how do they relate to literary theory?

6. How did Northrop Frye attempt to combine the formalist focus on the text with the essence of new American criticism?

7. Why does Eagleton argue that politics should engage with questions of sexual ideology?

8. According to Sigmund Freud, what are the two conflicting principles that all people are motivated by and why is it significant?

9. Beyond helping the status of women, what is the women's movement's goal and why is it significant?

10. What is Sigmund Freud's Oedipus complex and why is it significant?

(see the answer keys)

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