Literary Theory: An Introduction Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Sigmund Freud call the first stage of sexual life?
(a) The oral stage.
(b) The erogenous stage.
(c) The phallic stage.
(d) The anal stage.

2. According to Eagleton, why did intellectuals preoccupy themselves with language in the late-nineteenth and twentieth centuries?
(a) Because discourse had become degraded to an instrument of industrial capitalism.
(b) Because discourse had become elevated by intellectuals.
(c) Because discourse had become irrelevant in industrial society.
(d) Because discourse had become an instrument of opposition in academia.

3. According to Eagleton, what "staggering fact" could not be put right by a theoretical technique?
(a) That there was no time in history where half of the human race was not considered inferior.
(b) That there was no time in history where women were not considered superior.
(c) There was no time in history where half of the human race fought for equality.
(d) There was no time in history where women and men were antagonists.

4. According to Eagleton, "the idea that there are 'non-political' forms of criticism" is a what?
(a) Myth.
(b) Ideal.
(c) Reality.
(d) Fact.

5. According to Eagleton, "the tactic of _________criticism ... is to show how texts come to embarrass their own ruling systems of logic."
(a) Feminist.
(b) Deconstructive.
(c) Post-structuralist.
(d) Psychoanalytic.

Short Answer Questions

1. What literary movement, according to Eagleton, "brought structuralist and post-structuralist criticism to birth in the first place"?

2. According to the feminist philosopher Julia Kristeva, the language of the semiotic is a means of what?

3. Literary texts are code-productive, code-transgressive, and code_____.

4. According to Sigmund Freud, what is the name of the complex whereby a child experiences an unconscious desire for sexual union with its same sex parent?

5. According to Eagleton, why did the women's movement reject the economic focus of classical Marxist thought?

Short Essay Questions

1. What was the significance of the Prague structuralists?

2. Who developed semiotics and what was his contribution to literary theory?

3. Why does Eagleton reject the idea of a disconnected individual in society?

4. For Roland Barthes, what does literature embody and why is it significant?

5. What is structuralism and how what does it share in common with formalism?

6. What is the dominant ideology within academia and what are its major problems?

7. According to Eagleton, why should the notion of literary theory be abolished?

8. Who is Ferdinand de Saussure and what was his contribution to the field of literary theory?

9. What was a "healthy" sign according to Roland Barthes and why is it significant?

10. What is Sigmund Freud's Oedipus complex and why is it significant?

(see the answer keys)

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