|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. According to Eagleton, why does Northrop Frye emphasize the "utopian root of literature"?
(a) Because it is marked by a deep relation to the actual social world.
(b) Because it is marked by a deep fear of the actual social world.
(c) Because it is marked by a deep immersion in the actual social world.
(d) Because it is marked by a deep sorrow for the actual social world.
2. According to Eagleton, why is Shakespeare considered great literature?
(a) Because the literary institution constitues him as great literature.
(b) Because he is great literature.
(c) Because the masses constitute him as great literature.
(d) Because he is better than other literature.
3. According to Eagleton, who would an ideal reader be for a structuralist?
(a) Someone who didn't have any codes at her or his disposal.
(b) Someone who had intelligent codes at her or his disposal.
(c) Someone who had all the codes at her or his disposal.
(d) Someone who had the right codes at her or his disposal.
4. Literary texts are code-productive, code-transgressive, and code_____.
5. What text did Tzvetan Todorov attempt a grammatical analysis of so that the characters were nouns, their attributes adjectives, and actions verbs?
(a) Twain's "Tom Sawyer."
(b) Updike's "Rabbit."
(c) Dostoevsky's "Crime and Punishment."
(d) Boccaccio's "Decameron."
Short Answer Questions
1. For Eagleton, what are the two ways in which literary theory can have a distinct purpose and identity?
2. The modern history of literary theory has been characterized by a flight from what?
3. According to Eagleton, "the idea that there are 'non-political' forms of criticism" is a what?
4. Why is psychosis difficult to cope with, according to Sigmund Freud?
5. What is the object named literature, according to Eagleton?
Short Essay Questions
1. Who developed semiotics and what was his contribution to literary theory?
2. What is significant about the ways in which Sigmund Freud treated women and men?
3. How did Mikhail Bakhtin view language?
4. Why does Eagleton claim that Northrop Frye's work emphasized the "utopian root'" of all literature and what is his response?
5. What was a "healthy" sign according to Roland Barthes and why is it significant?
6. During the 1960s and 1970s why did feminist scholars reject Marxist thought on the left?
7. Who is Ferdinand de Saussure and what was his contribution to the field of literary theory?
8. How did Northrop Frye attempt to combine the formalist focus on the text with the essence of new American criticism?
9. What are the four areas Eagleton discusses rhetoric should target that would bring about transformation in society?
10. What is the dominant ideology within academia and what are its major problems?
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