Literary Theory: An Introduction Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. In structuralism, the relationship between the sign and what it refers to is what?
(a) Identical.
(b) Opposite.
(c) Necessary.
(d) Arbitrary.

2. According to Eagleton, why does Northrop Frye emphasize the "utopian root of literature"?
(a) Because it is marked by a deep fear of the actual social world.
(b) Because it is marked by a deep immersion in the actual social world.
(c) Because it is marked by a deep relation to the actual social world.
(d) Because it is marked by a deep sorrow for the actual social world.

3. What are Northrop Frye's four narrative categories at the root of all literature?
(a) Romantic, tragic, idealism, ironic.
(b) Fiction, fact, reality, idealism.
(c) Comic, reality, idealism, tragic.
(d) Comic, romantic, tragic, ironic.

4. According to Eagleton, what term is "most-widely touted" in cultural theory?
(a) Premodernity.
(b) Postmodernity.
(c) Postmodernism.
(d) Modernism.

5. According to Sigmund Freud, what is the process by which human beings cope with desires they cannot fulfill by directing them towards a more socially valued goal?
(a) Transference.
(b) Repression.
(c) Idealization.
(d) Sublimation.

Short Answer Questions

1. According to Eagleton, structuralism maintains that "individual units of any system have meaning only by virtue of" what?

2. What is a belief in "ultimate word, presence, essence, truth, or reality"?

3. What is the example Eagleton provides of a metalanguage, where one sign-system denotes another sign-system?

4. For Jacques Lacan, "meaning is always in some sense an _______."

5. According to Eagleton, structuralism is a ________of inquiry whereas semiotics is a ______ of study.

Short Essay Questions

1. Who developed semiotics and what was his contribution to literary theory?

2. Why does Eagleton argue that politics should engage with questions of sexual ideology?

3. What is structuralism and how what does it share in common with formalism?

4. According to Eagleton, why should rhetorical science replace literary theory and what is its objective?

5. During the 1960s and 1970s why did feminist scholars reject Marxist thought on the left?

6. What does Julia Kristeva define as "semiotic" and why is it significant?

7. What is significant about the ways in which Sigmund Freud treated women and men?

8. Why does Eagleton claim that Northrop Frye's work emphasized the "utopian root'" of all literature and what is his response?

9. How did post-structuralism develop and why is it significant?

10. According to Eagleton, why should the notion of literary theory be abolished?

(see the answer keys)

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