Literary Theory: An Introduction Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. For Eagleton, what are the two ways in which literary theory can have a distinct purpose and identity?
(a) It can define itself in terms of methods of inquiry or the object being enquired into.
(b) It can define itself in terms of other methods of inquiry and the manner of enquiry.
(c) It can define itself in terms of methods of inquiry and the manner of enquiry.
(d) It can define itself in terms of eradicating inquiry or the object being enquire into.

2. According to Eagleton, one of the gains of structuralism is that it represents a "remorseless _____of literature."
(a) Rationlization.
(b) Demystification.
(c) Idealization.
(d) Mystification.

3. According to Jacques Lacan, what stage does a child first develop an ego?
(a) During the mirror stage.
(b) During the Oedipal stage.
(c) During the post-Oedipal stage.
(d) During the imaginary stage.

4. For Jacques Lacan, "meaning is always in some sense an _______."
(a) Abdication.
(b) Amalgamation.
(c) Allocation.
(d) Approximation.

5. Why do feminists embrace the work of Jacques Lacan, despite the fact that he was contemptuous of the women's movement?
(a) Because Lacan rewrote Freudianism.
(b) Because Lacan rejected Freudianism.
(c) Because Lacan embraced Freudianism.
(d) Because Lacan taught Freudianism.

Short Answer Questions

1. According to Eagleton, structuralism is a ________of inquiry whereas semiotics is a ______ of study.

2. According to Eagleton, structuralism exposed what "shocking truth"?

3. Who is the founder of modern structural linguistics?

4. The modern history of literary theory has been characterized by a flight from what?

5. What is the root of the present crisis in literary studies, according to Eagleton?

Short Essay Questions

1. Why does Eagleton argue that politics should engage with questions of sexual ideology?

2. What is structuralism's lasting impact on literary theory and what is Eagleton's critique of their methodology?

3. How did Northrop Frye attempt to combine the formalist focus on the text with the essence of new American criticism?

4. How did post-structuralism develop and why is it significant?

5. What does Julia Kristeva define as "semiotic" and why is it significant?

6. For Roland Barthes, what does literature embody and why is it significant?

7. What was a "healthy" sign according to Roland Barthes and why is it significant?

8. What is structuralism and how what does it share in common with formalism?

9. Why does Eagleton claim that Northrop Frye's work emphasized the "utopian root'" of all literature and what is his response?

10. How does the philosopher Jacques Derrida conceive of language?

(see the answer keys)

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