Literary Theory: An Introduction Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. According to Eagleton, structuralism maintains that "individual units of any system have meaning only by virtue of" what?
(a) Their relations to one another.
(b) Their status in the world.
(c) Their meaning for the critic.
(d) Their connection to religion.

2. For Eagleton, what are the two ways in which literary theory can have a distinct purpose and identity?
(a) It can define itself in terms of eradicating inquiry or the object being enquire into.
(b) It can define itself in terms of methods of inquiry or the object being enquired into.
(c) It can define itself in terms of other methods of inquiry and the manner of enquiry.
(d) It can define itself in terms of methods of inquiry and the manner of enquiry.

3. According to the feminist philosopher Julia Kristeva, the language of the semiotic is a means of what?
(a) Understanding the symbolic order.
(b) Reproducing the symbolic order.
(c) Undermining the symbolic order.
(d) Affirming the symbolic order.

4. What is the name of two principles Sigmund Freud identified?
(a) Rational principle and ideal principle.
(b) Ideal principle and reality principle.
(c) Pleasure principle and reality principle.
(d) Pleasure principle and rational principle.

5. According to Eagleton, the Western philosophical tradition has "consistently vilified" what?
(a) Speech.
(b) Writing.
(c) Myth.
(d) Man.

Short Answer Questions

1. According to Eagleton, one of the gains of structuralism is that it represents a "remorseless _____of literature."

2. According to Eagleton, the French structural anthropologist Claude Levi-Strauss did pioneering work on what?

3. According to Eagleton, "any method or theory which will contribute to the strategic goal of human emancipation" is what?

4. According to Sigmund Freud, what is the name of the complex whereby a child experiences an unconscious desire for sexual union with its same sex parent?

5. According to Eagleton, who would an ideal reader be for a structuralist?

Short Essay Questions

1. How does Julia Kristeva view language and why is it significant?

2. Why does Eagleton claim that Northrop Frye's work emphasized the "utopian root'" of all literature and what is his response?

3. What does Julia Kristeva define as "semiotic" and why is it significant?

4. What is structuralism's lasting impact on literary theory and what is Eagleton's critique of their methodology?

5. How did Mikhail Bakhtin view language?

6. Why does Eagleton argue that politics should engage with questions of sexual ideology?

7. During the 1960s and 1970s why did feminist scholars reject Marxist thought on the left?

8. How did Northrop Frye attempt to combine the formalist focus on the text with the essence of new American criticism?

9. What is Sigmund Freud's Oedipus complex and why is it significant?

10. What is Eagleton's main critique of the some forms of post-structuralism and why is it significant?

(see the answer keys)

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