Literary Theory: An Introduction Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Who developed hermeneutics?
(a) Roland Barthes.
(b) Stanley Fish.
(c) Hans-Georg Gadamer.
(d) E.D. Hirsch.

2. What word does Eagleton discuss that is both a descriptive term to mean "literally untrue" as well as an evaluative term to mean "visionary" or "inventive"?
(a) Unimaginative.
(b) Unrealistic.
(c) Imaginative.
(d) Idealistic.

3. Eagleton argues that the criteria for what counted as literature in the eighteenth-century was what?
(a) Ideological.
(b) Religious.
(c) Practical.
(d) Canonical.

4. According to Eagleton, "theory was a way of _______ literary works from the ________of civilised sensibility'"
(a) Excluding; oppression.
(b) Emancipating; stranglehold.
(c) Studying; truth.
(d) Dismissing; idea.

5. For the Romantics, why was their vision of a just society was inverted into a nostalgia for an old and "organic" England?
(a) Because they lacked the means of transforming industrial capitalism.
(b) Because they refused to give up their privilege as writers in industrial society.
(c) Because their vision of a just society was a corrupted version of industrial capitalism.
(d) Because they were revolutionaries who were imprisoned in the old system.

Short Answer Questions

1. According to Eagleton, what happens when literary theory becomes "turgidly unreadable"?

2. According to Eagleton, the subject in phenomenology was the source of all what?

3. How did the Romantic artist reflect her or his work in its detachment from history itself?

4. According to Eagleton, "Literary Theory: An Introduction" has managed to reach readers beyond __________.

5. According to Eagleton, "in the terminology of reception theory, the reader _________ the literary work, which is in itself no more than a chain of organized black marks on a page."

Short Essay Questions

1. What is the significance of Viktor Shklovsky's 1917 essay "Art as Device," according to Eagleton?

2. What kinds of writing were considered literature in the eighteenth-century and why is this significant?

3. What is Eagleton's major problem with formalism and why is it significant?

4. How is Martin Heidegger's philosophy similar to that of the Russian formalists?

5. Why does Eagleton call the emergence and development of literary theory a "theoretical revolution" and what does it signify?

6. How does phenomenological criticism view literature and what is Eagleton's response?

7. What is the reach of the "theoretical revolution" and why is it significant?

8. What were the Russian formalists responding to in terms of literary criticism?

9. What is phenomenology and when did it emerge as a serious discipline?

10. What kind of thought does a literary education not encourage, according to Eagleton, and what does this signify?

(see the answer keys)

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