|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What kind of language does Eagleton say people think of literature as?
2. According to Viktor Shklovsky, what novel was "the most typical novel in world literature" because it impeded its own story-line so that it never gets off the ground?
(a) "Tristram Shandy."
(b) "Don Quixote."
(c) "Animal Farm."
(d) "History of the Rebellion."
3. For Eagleton, how did the romantics usher a "forestalling of reasoned critical enquiry"?
(a) Because the symbol was regarded as an absolute spiritual truth that you either saw or didn't see.
(b) Because the word was seen as a refleciton of religious truths that you either saw or didn't see.
(c) Because the image was seen as material reality that you saw immediately.
(d) Because the text was regarded as a reflection of society that you either saw or didn't see.
4. According to Eagleton, what is ironic about those who complain of the difficulty of literary theory?
(a) "That those who complain would not expect to understand a textbook of biology or chemical engineering."
(b) "That those who complain are often uncivilised and uneducated."
(c) "That those who complain would expect to understand a textbook of biology or chemical engineering."
(d) "That those who complain are often civilised and educated."
5. According to Eagleton, "if one were asked to provide a single explanation for the growth of English in the later nineteenth century" what would it be?
(a) The success of religion."
(b) The success of government.
(c) The failure of religion.
(d) The failure of government."
Short Answer Questions
1. During the 1960s, what kind of students began to enter higher education that broke down assumptions about literary studies?
2. What example from the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries does Eagleton provide that was not considered purely factual?
3. According to Eagleton, Gibbon and the authors of Genesis share what in common?
4. By the early 1930s, the study of English literature became what kind of pursuit?
5. According to Eagleton, in the romantic aesthetic theory the meaning of the word literature became what?
Short Essay Questions
1. What does "concretize" mean and why is it significant?
2. How does phenomenological criticism view literature and what is Eagleton's response?
3. What was the romantics relationship to the symbol and why is it significant?
4. What did new American criticism focus on and why is it significant?
5. What kinds of writing were considered literature in the eighteenth-century and why is this significant?
6. Why does Eagleton argue that the demarcation between fiction and fact in writing is "questionable"?
7. What is the reach of the "theoretical revolution" and why is it significant?
8. What is Eagleton's goal in writing "Literary Theory: An Introduction"?
9. In the late-sixteenth and early-seventeenth centuries, what was considered "fact" and what was considered "fiction," and how is it significant?
10. What is the significance of Viktor Shklovsky's 1917 essay "Art as Device," according to Eagleton?
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