Literary Theory: An Introduction Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Eagleton argues that for Stanley Fish, what a text "does" to us is a matter of what we do to what?
(a) To the text.
(b) To the critic.
(c) To the reader.
(d) To the author.

2. Who wrote "What is Literature" on literary reception and was published in 1948?
(a) Jean Paul Sartre.
(b) Roland Barthes.
(c) Stanley Fish.
(d) Wolfgang Iser.

3. According to Eagleton, why did the Russian formalists NOT see a literary work as a vehicle for ideas, reflection of reality, or transcendental truth?
(a) Because they saw language as a mode of speech for the wealthy.
(b) Because they saw language as words and not objects or feelings.
(c) Because they saw language as obtuse, vague, and ephemeral.
(d) Because they saw language as potentially empowering the masses.

4. For Eagleton, hostility toward theory means what?
(a) Opposition to other people's theories and oblivion of one's own.
(b) Opposition to other people's theories.
(c) Acceptance to some people's theories.
(d) Acceptance to some people's theories and protective of one's own.

5. What role does reception theory examine?
(a) The reader's role.
(b) The teacher's role.
(c) The critic's role.
(d) The author's role.

Short Answer Questions

1. Both F.R. Leavis and Edmund Husserl seek to grasp the thing in itself, or the ______for Husserl and ______for Leavis.

2. According to Eagleton, what becomes the "panacea for all problems" as part of the romantics' aesthetic theory at the turn of the eighteenth century?

3. According to Eagleton, the "very meaning of _______, ________ and _________ has undergone deep alteration."

4. What is the German word for how reality is not objective, but experienced and organized by an individual subject?

5. For E.D. Hirsch, the aim of "policing" an author's meaning is to what, according to Eagleton?

Short Essay Questions

1. How does phenomenological criticism view literature and what is Eagleton's response?

2. In the nineteenth century, what was the outcome of religion as a result of the industrial revolution where new technologies and science were being developed?

3. What was the romantics relationship to the symbol and why is it significant?

4. What kind of thought does a literary education not encourage, according to Eagleton, and what does this signify?

5. How did new criticism emerge in England and America?

6. What is Eagleton's argument regarding the literary canon as the "unquestioned" great tradition of national literature?

7. Why is literature an unstable term, according to Eagleton?

8. What period of literature did the critic Roland Barthes focus on and why is it significant?

9. What were the Russian formalists responding to in terms of literary criticism?

10. What kinds of writing were considered literature in the eighteenth-century and why is this significant?

(see the answer keys)

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