Literary Theory: An Introduction Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What three neurotic symptoms can a person develop that are the result of internal conflict, according to Sigmund Freud?
(a) Obsession, phobia, and depression.
(b) Pain, hysteria, and fatigue.
(c) Fatigue, pain, and depression.
(d) Obsession, hysteria, and phobia.

2. According to Eagleton, one of the gains of structuralism is that it represents a "remorseless _____of literature."
(a) Idealization.
(b) Mystification.
(c) Rationlization.
(d) Demystification.

3. According to Eagleton, why did the women's movement reject the economic focus of classical Marxist thought?
(a) Because it failed to place material conditions over sexual ideology at the heart of its theory and practice.
(b) Because it failed to place sexual ideology at the heart of its theory and practice.
(c) Because it placed sexual ideology over the material conditions at the heart of its theory and practice.
(d) Because it succeeded in placing sexual ideology at the heart of its theory and practice.

4. Why is psychosis difficult to cope with, according to Sigmund Freud?
(a) Because psychosis is difficult to perceive.
(b) Because the psychotic has lost contact with reality.
(c) Because psychosis is only treatable with shock therapy.
(d) Because the psychotic is violent.

5. What does Sigmund Freud call the first stage of sexual life?
(a) The oral stage.
(b) The anal stage.
(c) The erogenous stage.
(d) The phallic stage.

6. According to Eagleton, what is the oldest form of literary criticism?
(a) Sociology.
(b) Philosophy.
(c) Rhetoric.
(d) Religion.

7. For Jacques Lacan, "meaning is always in some sense an _______."
(a) Amalgamation.
(b) Allocation.
(c) Approximation.
(d) Abdication.

8. For the literary theorist, Mikhail Bakhtin, "linguistic community" was what kind of society?
(a) Heterogeneous.
(b) Exclusive.
(c) Inclusive.
(d) Homogenous.

9. What is the "impotence" of liberal humanism a symptom of, according to Eagleton?
(a) Its absurd claims in the face of suffering.
(b) Its refusal to examine the facts.
(c) Its sense of entitlement in relation to the world.
(d) Its contradictory relationship to capitalism.

10. What is the object named literature, according to Eagleton?
(a) All writing.
(b) The literary canon.
(c) There is no one object.
(d) Classic writing.

11. According to Eagleton, why is Sigmund Freud's discussion of women problematic?
(a) Because of his troubling personal relationships.
(b) Because of his glorification of men in his work.
(c) Because of his refusal to discuss women in his work.
(d) Because of his sexist and demeaning attitudes toward women.

12. What is the name of the author whose story "Sarrasine" Roland Barthes examines in "S/Z"?
(a) Eliot.
(b) Tolstoy.
(c) Balzac.
(d) Nabokov.

13. Literary texts are code-productive, code-transgressive, and code_____.
(a) Affirming.
(b) Confirming.
(c) Orienting.
(d) Saturating.

14. According to Eagleton, "the meaning of a sign is a matter of what the sign is _____."
(a) Signifying.
(b) Doing.
(c) Not.
(d) For.

15. According to Eagleton, "the idea that there are 'non-political' forms of criticism" is a what?
(a) Reality.
(b) Fact.
(c) Myth.
(d) Ideal.

Short Answer Questions

1. Eagleton writes that his book is less an introduction to literary theory than a what?

2. What is the example Eagleton provides of a metalanguage, where one sign-system denotes another sign-system?

3. According to Sigmund Freud, what is the process by which human beings cope with desires they cannot fulfill by directing them towards a more socially valued goal?

4. For Roland Barthes, what kind of literature attempts to conceal the constructed nature of language?

5. According to the Soviet semiotician Yury Lotman, a poetic text is "semantically _________."

(see the answer keys)

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