Literary Theory: An Introduction Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What year did France's student movement strike against the authoritarianism of the educational institutions and in solidarity with the working-class?
(a) 1978.
(b) 1968.
(c) 1988.
(d) 1958.

2. According to Eagleton, structuralism has proved that there is nothing _____ about codes.
(a) Evaluative.
(b) Innocent.
(c) Progressive.
(d) Guilty.

3. According to Eagleton, "any method or theory which will contribute to the strategic goal of human emancipation" is what?
(a) "Acceptable."
(b) "Naive."
(c) "Redundant."
(d) "Critical."

4. How are "writable" texts different from ones that can be read?
(a) Writable texts encourage the reader/critic to become a producer of the text.
(b) Writable texts encourage the author/writer to become the reader/critic of the text.
(c) Writable texts encourage the reader/critic to become a consumer of the text.
(d) Writable texts encourage the author/writer to reject the reader/critic of the text.

5. What three neurotic symptoms can a person develop that are the result of internal conflict, according to Sigmund Freud?
(a) Obsession, hysteria, and phobia.
(b) Fatigue, pain, and depression.
(c) Pain, hysteria, and fatigue.
(d) Obsession, phobia, and depression.

6. What is the example Eagleton provides of a metalanguage, where one sign-system denotes another sign-system?
(a) The relation between philosophy and religion.
(b) The relation between literary criticism and religion.
(c) The relation between literary criticism and literature.
(d) The relation between philosophy and literature.

7. According to Eagleton, "the tactic of _________criticism ... is to show how texts come to embarrass their own ruling systems of logic."
(a) Post-structuralist.
(b) Psychoanalytic.
(c) Deconstructive.
(d) Feminist.

8. According to Eagleton, the women's movement is not just about women having equal status and power as men, it is what?
(a) The abdication of sex altogether in relations of status and power.
(b) The rejection of men's status and power.
(c) The questioning of all status and power.
(d) The acceptance of sexual difference in relations of status and power.

9. Why do feminists embrace the work of Jacques Lacan, despite the fact that he was contemptuous of the women's movement?
(a) Because Lacan taught Freudianism.
(b) Because Lacan rewrote Freudianism.
(c) Because Lacan embraced Freudianism.
(d) Because Lacan rejected Freudianism.

10. From a structuralist perspective, why could literature could no longer claim to be a unique discourse?
(a) Because structures could not be found in literature.
(b) Because structures considered literature a base form of discourse.
(c) Because structures placed a hierarchy on texts other than literature.
(d) Because structures could be found in all texts.

11. According to Roland Barthes, what kind of sign draws attention to its own arbitrariness?
(a) An unproductive sign.
(b) A healthy sign.
(c) An unhealthy sign.
(d) A productive sign.

12. In structuralism, the relationship between the sign and what it refers to is what?
(a) Opposite.
(b) Identical.
(c) Necessary.
(d) Arbitrary.

13. In psychoanalytic treatment, what happens during transference?
(a) The analyst "transfers" on to the patient the conflicts she or he suffers from.
(b) The analyst "transfers" on to the patient the diagnosis.
(c) The patient "transfers" on to the analyst the conflicts she or he suffers from.
(d) The patient "transfers" on to the analyst feelings she or he experiences.

14. What aspect of Jacques Lacan's work is of particular interest to literary theorists?
(a) Lacan's work on language.
(b) Lacan's work on women.
(c) Lacan's work on history.
(d) Lacan's work on religion.

15. What literary movement, according to Eagleton, "brought structuralist and post-structuralist criticism to birth in the first place"?
(a) Post-modernism.
(b) Modernism.
(c) Surrealism.
(d) Romanticism.

Short Answer Questions

1. According to Eagleton, "the idea that there are 'non-political' forms of criticism" is a what?

2. According to Eagleton, what is the disadvantage of claiming literature as more valuable and rewarding than other texts?

3. According to Eagleton, why does Northrop Frye emphasize the "utopian root of literature"?

4. According to Eagleton, if structuralism examined the "product" of literature, but left out what?

5. What is the name of the author whose story "Sarrasine" Roland Barthes examines in "S/Z"?

(see the answer keys)

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