Literary Theory: An Introduction Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. How did the Romantic artist reflect her or his work in its detachment from history itself?
(a) Because she or he was seen as a producer of commodities who sold their goods for high pay.
(b) Because she or he was seen as a minor commodity who existed on the margins of society.
(c) Because she or he was seen as a major commodity who existed within society.
(d) Because she or he was seen as a consumer of commodities who bought their goods for low pay.

2. Who developed hermeneutics?
(a) Stanley Fish.
(b) Roland Barthes.
(c) Hans-Georg Gadamer.
(d) E.D. Hirsch.

3. What proposes a "severe problem" for Husserl's theory?
(a) Language.
(b) Consciousness.
(c) Truth.
(d) Individuality.

4. According to Eagleton, who "harnessed this Romantic humanism to the cause of the working class" in the late nineteenth-century?
(a) Percy Shelley.
(b) Samuel Coleridge.
(c) Lord Byron.
(d) William Morris.

5. According to Eagleton, formalism is the application of what to the study of literature?
(a) Linguistics.
(b) Economics.
(c) Sociology.
(d) Psychology.

6. What date does Eagleton settle on as the "beginnings of the transformation which has taken over literary theory in this century"?
(a) 1917.
(b) 1937.
(c) 1977.
(d) 1957.

7. According to Eagleton, what happens when literary theory becomes "turgidly unreadable"?
(a) "It is being true to the importance of its form."
(b) "It is being untrue to its historical roots."
(c) "It is being untrue to the importance of its form."
(d) "It is being true to its historical roots."

8. What three sequential stages does Eagleton point out in the development of modern literary theory?
(a) The preoccupation with the text, the exclusive concern with the reader, and a shift toward the author.
(b) The preoccupation with the critic, the exclusive concern with the author, and a shift toward the text.
(c) The preoccupation with the author, the exclusive concern with the text, and a shift toward the reader.
(d) The preoccupation with the reader, the exclusive concern with the text, and a shift toward the critic.

9. According to Eagleton, the Russian formalist shifted their attention to the "material reality" of what?
(a) The text.
(b) The critic.
(c) The facts.
(d) The fiction.

10. What is the name of the American hermeneuticist E.D. Hirsch Jr.'s famous 1967 book?
(a) "Validity in Interpretation."
(b) "Being and Time."
(c) "Meaning or Method."
(d) "Truth and Fact."

11. According to Eagleton, the formalists were not out to define literature but they were out to define what?
(a) Criticism.
(b) Inventiveness.
(c) Realism.
(d) Literariness.

12. What novel by John Updike does Eagleton discuss from the position of reception theory?
(a) Rabbit Run.
(b) Of the Farm.
(c) Couples.
(d) Terrorist.

13. Who was Husserl's most famous pupil who broke with his system of thought?
(a) Ayn Rand.
(b) Hannah Arendt.
(c) Martin Heidegger.
(d) Walter Benjamin.

14. The distinction between fact and fiction in defining literature is what?
(a) Important.
(b) Difficult.
(c) Questionable.
(d) Complicated.

15. According to Eagleton, what kind of age do we live in, where "meaning, like everything else, is expected to be instantly consumable"?
(a) Traditional.
(b) Modern.
(c) Postmodern.
(d) Esoteric.

Short Answer Questions

1. For Eagleton, E.D. Hirsch attempts to "offer a form of knowledge" that is what?

2. For E.D. Hirsch, the aim of "policing" an author's meaning is to what, according to Eagleton?

3. According to Eagleton, eighteenth-century literature embodied more than social values, it also was an instrument for what?

4. Eagleton argues that reading literature in a new critical way was a recipe for what?

5. The Russian formalists rejected what kind of doctrines that had influenced literary criticism?

(see the answer keys)

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