|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. According to Eagleton, why did the Russian formalists NOT see a literary work as a vehicle for ideas, reflection of reality, or transcendental truth?
(a) Because they saw language as potentially empowering the masses.
(b) Because they saw language as obtuse, vague, and ephemeral.
(c) Because they saw language as words and not objects or feelings.
(d) Because they saw language as a mode of speech for the wealthy.
2. During the 1960s, what kind of students began to enter higher education that broke down assumptions about literary studies?
(a) Students from supposedly "uncultivated" backgrounds.
(b) Students from supposedly "third-world" countries.
(c) Students from supposedly "first-world" countries.
(d) Students from supposedly "cultivated" backgrounds.
3. What role does reception theory examine?
(a) The teacher's role.
(b) The reader's role.
(c) The author's role.
(d) The critic's role.
4. According to Eagleton, what kind of thought does literary education NOT encourage?
(a) Analytical thought.
(b) Irrational thought.
(c) Rational thought.
(d) Creative thought.
5. According to Eagleton, the Russian formalist shifted their attention to the "material reality" of what?
(a) The fiction.
(b) The text.
(c) The critic.
(d) The facts.
6. According to Eagleton, the "very meaning of _______, ________ and _________ has undergone deep alteration."
(a) Film; viewing; education.
(b) Power; authority; freedom.
(c) Literature; reading; criticism.
(d) Art; theory; practise.
7. What novel by John Updike does Eagleton discuss from the position of reception theory?
(a) Rabbit Run.
(b) Of the Farm.
8. Who wrote "What is Literature" on literary reception and was published in 1948?
(a) Wolfgang Iser.
(b) Jean Paul Sartre.
(c) Roland Barthes.
(d) Stanley Fish.
9. According to Eagleton, "In the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries, the word ______seems to have been used about true and fictional events."
10. According to Eagleton, formalism is the application of what to the study of literature?
11. How did the Romantic artist reflect her or his work in its detachment from history itself?
(a) Because she or he was seen as a producer of commodities who sold their goods for high pay.
(b) Because she or he was seen as a major commodity who existed within society.
(c) Because she or he was seen as a consumer of commodities who bought their goods for low pay.
(d) Because she or he was seen as a minor commodity who existed on the margins of society.
12. Who was Husserl's most famous pupil who broke with his system of thought?
(a) Hannah Arendt.
(b) Walter Benjamin.
(c) Ayn Rand.
(d) Martin Heidegger.
13. According to Eagleton, "if one were asked to provide a single explanation for the growth of English in the later nineteenth century" what would it be?
(a) The success of religion."
(b) The failure of government."
(c) The success of government.
(d) The failure of religion.
14. During the last decades of the eighteenth-century, the word prosaic begins to acquire what a kind of connotation?
(a) A positive connotation.
(b) A negative connotation.
(c) A unfamiliar connotation.
(d) A familiar connotation.
15. According to Eagleton, who "harnessed this Romantic humanism to the cause of the working class" in the late nineteenth-century?
(a) Lord Byron.
(b) Samuel Coleridge.
(c) William Morris.
(d) Percy Shelley.
Short Answer Questions
1. What is the German word for how reality is not objective, but experienced and organized by an individual subject?
2. Eagleton argues that reading literature in a new critical way was a recipe for what?
3. For the economist Eagleton discusses, "those economists who dislike theory or claimed to get along better without it" were what?
4. According to Eagleton, what does his book try to demonstrate about a body of literary theory?
5. Who developed hermeneutics?
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