Literary Theory: An Introduction Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. In the eighteenth-century, what was the whole body of writing in society considered, including philosophy, letters, history, poems, and essays?
(a) Canon.
(b) Literature.
(c) Theory.
(d) Religion.

2. The Russian formalists rejected what kind of doctrines that had influenced literary criticism?
(a) Quasi-mystical religious doctrines.
(b) Quasi-mystical symbolist doctrines.
(c) Quasi-mystical psychoanalytic doctrines.
(d) Quasi-mystical fictional doctrines.

3. How did the Romantic artist reflect her or his work in its detachment from history itself?
(a) Because she or he was seen as a minor commodity who existed on the margins of society.
(b) Because she or he was seen as a producer of commodities who sold their goods for high pay.
(c) Because she or he was seen as a consumer of commodities who bought their goods for low pay.
(d) Because she or he was seen as a major commodity who existed within society.

4. According to Viktor Shklovsky, what novel was "the most typical novel in world literature" because it impeded its own story-line so that it never gets off the ground?
(a) "Tristram Shandy."
(b) "Animal Farm."
(c) "Don Quixote."
(d) "History of the Rebellion."

5. According to Eagleton, "In the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries, the word ______seems to have been used about true and fictional events."
(a) Novel.
(b) Theory.
(c) News.
(d) Memoir.

6. According to Eagleton, literature is definable "not according to whether it is fictional or "imaginative," because it uses language in ____ways."
(a) Peculiar.
(b) Profound.
(c) Pragmatic.
(d) Pendantic.

7. According to Eagleton, Gibbon and the authors of Genesis share what in common?
(a) Both wrote fiction that is read as historical fact.
(b) Both wrote fiction that is read as fact by some and fiction by others.
(c) Both wrote historical truth that is read as fiction.
(d) They both thought they were writing historical truth, but are read as fact by some and fiction by others.

8. Eagleton argues that reading literature in a new critical way was a recipe for what?
(a) Political progress.
(b) Political inertia.
(c) Political consciousness.
(d) Political ambition.

9. According to Eagleton, the Russian formalist shifted their attention to the "material reality" of what?
(a) The facts.
(b) The text.
(c) The fiction.
(d) The critic.

10. According to Eagleton, "theory was a way of _______ literary works from the ________of civilised sensibility'"
(a) Studying; truth.
(b) Emancipating; stranglehold.
(c) Dismissing; idea.
(d) Excluding; oppression.

11. According to Eagleton, what idea is "truly elitist" in literary studies?
(a) "The idea that literature is the only way to understand a particular culture."
(b) "The idea that literature can only be understood by writers of literature."
(c) "The idea that works of literature can only be appreciated by those with a particular sort of cultural breeding."
(d) "The idea that literature should not be read by those without a higher degree."

12. According to Eagleton, what kind of thought does literary education NOT encourage?
(a) Creative thought.
(b) Rational thought.
(c) Analytical thought.
(d) Irrational thought.

13. How many decades, according to Eagleton, has there been a "striking proliferation of literary theory" since the publication of the Russian formalist's pioneering essay?
(a) Six.
(b) Five.
(c) One.
(d) Two.

14. According to Eagleton, when did the Russian formalists emerge?
(a) During the Russian Revolution.
(b) After WWI.
(c) Before the Bolshevik Revolution.
(d) Before WWII.

15. According to Eagleton, William Empson "insists on treating poetry as a species of ______language."
(a) Spectacular.
(b) Secular.
(c) Ordinary.
(d) Religious.

Short Answer Questions

1. What kind of analysis is phenomenology, according to Eagleton?

2. Who is the key figure in the Victorian period Eagleton cites as "preternaturally aware of the needs of his social class"?

3. During the 1960s, what kind of students began to enter higher education that broke down assumptions about literary studies?

4. According to Eagleton, why did the Russian formalists NOT see a literary work as a vehicle for ideas, reflection of reality, or transcendental truth?

5. What three sequential stages does Eagleton point out in the development of modern literary theory?

(see the answer keys)

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