Literary Theory: An Introduction Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. For Eagleton, opposition between "historical" and "artistic" truth does NOT apply to what?
(a) Middle English.
(b) Late Victorian novels.
(c) Early Icelandic sagas.
(d) Fairy-tales.

2. Who developed hermeneutics?
(a) Stanley Fish.
(b) E.D. Hirsch.
(c) Hans-Georg Gadamer.
(d) Roland Barthes.

3. According to Eagleton, in the romantic aesthetic theory the meaning of the word literature became what?
(a) Realism.
(b) Ideology.
(c) Communism.
(d) Psychology.

4. According to Eagleton, the literary work in Romantic society is seen as a ________ that is in contrast to the "fragmented individualism" of capitalist society?
(a) Mysterious organic unity.
(b) Mysterious inorganic unity.
(c) Imperious mechanical unity.
(d) Imperious inorganic unity.

5. According to Eagleton, the sentence "this is awfully squiggly handwriting" from Knut Hamsun's "Hunger" tells him its literary because of what reason?
(a) The ideas.
(b) The facts.
(c) The content.
(d) The context.

6. According to Eagleton, the Russian formalist shifted their attention to the "material reality" of what?
(a) The text.
(b) The critic.
(c) The facts.
(d) The fiction.

7. How far has the "theoretical revolution" spread according to Eagleton?
(a) Not beyond the circle of specialists and enthusiasts.
(b) To the outer circle of critics and readers.
(c) Far beyond the circle of specialists and enthusiasts.
(d) Within the inner circle of critics and readers.

8. Who silenced the Russian formalists, according to Eagleton?
(a) Liberals.
(b) Stalinists.
(c) Bolsheviks.
(d) Socialists.

9. For Eagleton, how did the romantics usher a "forestalling of reasoned critical enquiry"?
(a) Because the text was regarded as a reflection of society that you either saw or didn't see.
(b) Because the word was seen as a refleciton of religious truths that you either saw or didn't see.
(c) Because the image was seen as material reality that you saw immediately.
(d) Because the symbol was regarded as an absolute spiritual truth that you either saw or didn't see.

10. Eagleton provides the analogy of finding a "scrap of writing from a long-vanished civilization" to make what point about deciphering its meaning?
(a) That we would be able to learn that it was a piece of poetry by looking at the language.
(b) That we would be able to tell that it was a piece of poetry regardless of access to its language.
(c) That we would be able to see that poetry didn't exist by looking at its language.
(d) That we would not know whether it was a piece of poetry or ordinary language.

11. According to Eagleton, why did the Russian formalists NOT see a literary work as a vehicle for ideas, reflection of reality, or transcendental truth?
(a) Because they saw language as potentially empowering the masses.
(b) Because they saw language as words and not objects or feelings.
(c) Because they saw language as a mode of speech for the wealthy.
(d) Because they saw language as obtuse, vague, and ephemeral.

12. According to Eagleton, the subject in phenomenology was the source of all what?
(a) Life.
(b) Oppression.
(c) Meaning.
(d) Violence.

13. How did the Romantic artist reflect her or his work in its detachment from history itself?
(a) Because she or he was seen as a minor commodity who existed on the margins of society.
(b) Because she or he was seen as a major commodity who existed within society.
(c) Because she or he was seen as a consumer of commodities who bought their goods for low pay.
(d) Because she or he was seen as a producer of commodities who sold their goods for high pay.

14. According to Eagleton, what does his book try to demonstrate about a body of literary theory?
(a) That there is no body of literary theory that springs from or is applicable to literature alone.
(b) That there is one body of literary theory that springs from and is applicable to literature alone.
(c) That there are several bodies of literary theory that spring from and is applicable to literature alone.
(d) That there is sometimes a body of literary theory that springs from and is applicable to literature alone.

15. Eagleton argues that the criteria for what counted as literature in the eighteenth-century was what?
(a) Practical.
(b) Canonical.
(c) Religious.
(d) Ideological.

Short Answer Questions

1. Eagleton writes that "New Criticism was the ideology of an ________, _______intelligentsia who reinvented in literature what they could not locate in reality."

2. According to Eagleton, what kind of thought does literary education NOT encourage?

3. According to Eagleton, why is Hans-Georg Gadamer not concerned about bringing our cultural preconceptions to a literary work?

4. According to Eagleton, "theory was a way of _______ literary works from the ________of civilised sensibility'"

5. For E.D. Hirsch, the aim of "policing" an author's meaning is to what, according to Eagleton?

(see the answer keys)

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