|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. According to Eagleton, the Russian formalist shifted their attention to the "material reality" of what?
(a) The text.
(b) The facts.
(c) The critic.
(d) The fiction.
2. How many decades, according to Eagleton, has there been a "striking proliferation of literary theory" since the publication of the Russian formalist's pioneering essay?
3. According to Eagleton, what happens when literary theory becomes "turgidly unreadable"?
(a) "It is being untrue to the importance of its form."
(b) "It is being true to its historical roots."
(c) "It is being untrue to its historical roots."
(d) "It is being true to the importance of its form."
4. Who silenced the Russian formalists, according to Eagleton?
5. According to Eagleton, the sentence "this is awfully squiggly handwriting" from Knut Hamsun's "Hunger" tells him its literary because of what reason?
(a) The context.
(b) The content.
(c) The facts.
(d) The ideas.
6. Who wrote "What is Literature" on literary reception and was published in 1948?
(a) Wolfgang Iser.
(b) Roland Barthes.
(c) Jean Paul Sartre.
(d) Stanley Fish.
7. For Eagleton, how did the romantics usher a "forestalling of reasoned critical enquiry"?
(a) Because the text was regarded as a reflection of society that you either saw or didn't see.
(b) Because the symbol was regarded as an absolute spiritual truth that you either saw or didn't see.
(c) Because the image was seen as material reality that you saw immediately.
(d) Because the word was seen as a refleciton of religious truths that you either saw or didn't see.
8. Who was Husserl's most famous pupil who broke with his system of thought?
(a) Hannah Arendt.
(b) Martin Heidegger.
(c) Walter Benjamin.
(d) Ayn Rand.
9. Eagleton provides the analogy of finding a "scrap of writing from a long-vanished civilization" to make what point about deciphering its meaning?
(a) That we would be able to learn that it was a piece of poetry by looking at the language.
(b) That we would not know whether it was a piece of poetry or ordinary language.
(c) That we would be able to see that poetry didn't exist by looking at its language.
(d) That we would be able to tell that it was a piece of poetry regardless of access to its language.
10. According to Eagleton, the literary work in Romantic society is seen as a ________ that is in contrast to the "fragmented individualism" of capitalist society?
(a) Imperious mechanical unity.
(b) Mysterious organic unity.
(c) Imperious inorganic unity.
(d) Mysterious inorganic unity.
11. According to Eagleton, why did the Russian formalists NOT see a literary work as a vehicle for ideas, reflection of reality, or transcendental truth?
(a) Because they saw language as a mode of speech for the wealthy.
(b) Because they saw language as potentially empowering the masses.
(c) Because they saw language as obtuse, vague, and ephemeral.
(d) Because they saw language as words and not objects or feelings.
12. According to Eagleton, what does his book try to demonstrate about a body of literary theory?
(a) That there is sometimes a body of literary theory that springs from and is applicable to literature alone.
(b) That there are several bodies of literary theory that spring from and is applicable to literature alone.
(c) That there is one body of literary theory that springs from and is applicable to literature alone.
(d) That there is no body of literary theory that springs from or is applicable to literature alone.
13. What example from the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries does Eagleton provide that was not considered purely factual?
14. According to Eagleton, what is ironic about those who complain of the difficulty of literary theory?
(a) "That those who complain would not expect to understand a textbook of biology or chemical engineering."
(b) "That those who complain would expect to understand a textbook of biology or chemical engineering."
(c) "That those who complain are often uncivilised and uneducated."
(d) "That those who complain are often civilised and educated."
15. What novel by John Updike does Eagleton discuss from the position of reception theory?
(b) Of the Farm.
(d) Rabbit Run.
Short Answer Questions
1. Eagleton argues that if literature includes much factual writing, it also excludes "quite a lot of" what?
2. Eagleton argues that for Stanley Fish, what a text "does" to us is a matter of what we do to what?
3. According to Eagleton, "properly understood, literary theory is shaped by a ______impulse rather than an _______one."
4. According to Eagleton, as the first industrialist capitalist nation, England becomes what kind of state?
5. In the eighteenth-century, what was the whole body of writing in society considered, including philosophy, letters, history, poems, and essays?
This section contains 775 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)