Literary Theory: An Introduction Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Who wrote "What is Literature" on literary reception and was published in 1948?
(a) Roland Barthes.
(b) Jean Paul Sartre.
(c) Stanley Fish.
(d) Wolfgang Iser.

2. What role does reception theory examine?
(a) The reader's role.
(b) The author's role.
(c) The teacher's role.
(d) The critic's role.

3. How many decades, according to Eagleton, has there been a "striking proliferation of literary theory" since the publication of the Russian formalist's pioneering essay?
(a) Five.
(b) Six.
(c) One.
(d) Two.

4. For Eagleton, how did the romantics usher a "forestalling of reasoned critical enquiry"?
(a) Because the word was seen as a refleciton of religious truths that you either saw or didn't see.
(b) Because the image was seen as material reality that you saw immediately.
(c) Because the text was regarded as a reflection of society that you either saw or didn't see.
(d) Because the symbol was regarded as an absolute spiritual truth that you either saw or didn't see.

5. What is the name of the American hermeneuticist E.D. Hirsch Jr.'s famous 1967 book?
(a) "Truth and Fact."
(b) "Meaning or Method."
(c) "Validity in Interpretation."
(d) "Being and Time."

6. According to Eagleton, eighteenth-century literature embodied more than social values, it also was an instrument for what?
(a) Education and oppression.
(b) Entrenchment and dissemination.
(c) Violence and abdication.
(d) Religion and redemption.

7. According to Eagleton, the Russian formalist shifted their attention to the "material reality" of what?
(a) The text.
(b) The facts.
(c) The critic.
(d) The fiction.

8. What is the name of the Russian formalist who published the pioneering essay that is the "beginnings of the transformation which has taken over literary theory in this century"?
(a) Alexander Pushkin.
(b) Fyodor Dostoevsky.
(c) Leo Tolstoy.
(d) Viktor Shklovsky.

9. According to Eagleton, formalism is the application of what to the study of literature?
(a) Sociology.
(b) Economics.
(c) Psychology.
(d) Linguistics.

10. What is "imaginative" literature or literature that is not necessarily true?
(a) Nonfiction.
(b) Biography.
(c) Fiction.
(d) Memoir.

11. According to Eagleton, the "very meaning of _______, ________ and _________ has undergone deep alteration."
(a) Literature; reading; criticism.
(b) Film; viewing; education.
(c) Art; theory; practise.
(d) Power; authority; freedom.

12. Who is the key figure in the Victorian period Eagleton cites as "preternaturally aware of the needs of his social class"?
(a) George Gordon.
(b) William Morris.
(c) Matthew Arnold.
(d) Percy Shelley.

13. According to the Russian formalist Osip Brik, Pushkin's "Eugene Onegin" would have been written if Pushkin had what?
(a) Not lived.
(b) Married early.
(c) Died young.
(d) Been uneducated.

14. According to Eagleton, literature is definable "not according to whether it is fictional or "imaginative," because it uses language in ____ways."
(a) Profound.
(b) Pendantic.
(c) Peculiar.
(d) Pragmatic.

15. According to Eagleton, when did the Russian formalists emerge?
(a) After WWI.
(b) Before WWII.
(c) During the Russian Revolution.
(d) Before the Bolshevik Revolution.

Short Answer Questions

1. According to Eagleton, the literary work in Romantic society is seen as a ________ that is in contrast to the "fragmented individualism" of capitalist society?

2. Eagleton argues that the readership his book has attracted dispels the notion that literary theory is what?

3. For the economist Eagleton discusses, "those economists who dislike theory or claimed to get along better without it" were what?

4. What "twin impacts" does Eagleton cite in the mid-Victorian period that was particularly worrisome to the ruling class?

5. According to Eagleton, what is ironic about those who complain of the difficulty of literary theory?

(see the answer keys)

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