Literary Theory: An Introduction Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. According to Eagleton, "if one were asked to provide a single explanation for the growth of English in the later nineteenth century" what would it be?
(a) The success of religion."
(b) The success of government.
(c) The failure of government."
(d) The failure of religion.

2. For Eagleton, Gadamer's theory only holds if one makes what "enormous assumption"?
(a) That there are multiple modernities.
(b) That there are multiple traditions.
(c) That there is a single, mainstream tradition.
(d) That there is a single, mainstream modernity.

3. According to Eagleton, literature is definable "not according to whether it is fictional or "imaginative," because it uses language in ____ways."
(a) Pendantic.
(b) Pragmatic.
(c) Peculiar.
(d) Profound.

4. According to Eagleton, in the romantic aesthetic theory the meaning of the word literature became what?
(a) Psychology.
(b) Realism.
(c) Communism.
(d) Ideology.

5. What is the name of the American hermeneuticist E.D. Hirsch Jr.'s famous 1967 book?
(a) "Validity in Interpretation."
(b) "Being and Time."
(c) "Meaning or Method."
(d) "Truth and Fact."

6. By the early 1930s, the study of English literature became what kind of pursuit?
(a) A supremely civilizing pursuit.
(b) A singular openminded pursuit.
(c) A singular narrowminded pursuit.
(d) A supremel uncivilized pursuit.

7. How do linguists describe the effect of language where "the texture, rhythm and resonance of words are in excess of their abstractable meaning."
(a) "A disproportion between two signifieds."
(b) "A disproportion between one signifier for every other signified."
(c) "A disproportion between two signifiers."
(d) "A disproportion between signifiers and signifieds."

8. For the Romantics, why was their vision of a just society was inverted into a nostalgia for an old and "organic" England?
(a) Because they were revolutionaries who were imprisoned in the old system.
(b) Because they refused to give up their privilege as writers in industrial society.
(c) Because they lacked the means of transforming industrial capitalism.
(d) Because their vision of a just society was a corrupted version of industrial capitalism.

9. Eagleton argues that reading literature in a new critical way was a recipe for what?
(a) Political consciousness.
(b) Political ambition.
(c) Political inertia.
(d) Political progress.

10. What proposes a "severe problem" for Husserl's theory?
(a) Consciousness.
(b) Language.
(c) Individuality.
(d) Truth.

11. For E.D. Hirsch, the aim of "policing" an author's meaning is to what, according to Eagleton?
(a) Protect her/his "private property."
(b) Control her/his "private property."
(c) Alter her/his "private property."
(d) Sell her/his "private property."

12. According to Eagleton, why did the Russian formalists NOT see a literary work as a vehicle for ideas, reflection of reality, or transcendental truth?
(a) Because they saw language as obtuse, vague, and ephemeral.
(b) Because they saw language as words and not objects or feelings.
(c) Because they saw language as a mode of speech for the wealthy.
(d) Because they saw language as potentially empowering the masses.

13. What person is NOT included in the ranks of Russian formalists?
(a) Viktor Shklovsky.
(b) Heinrich Wolffin.
(c) Roman Jakobson.
(d) Boris Tomashevsky.

14. What is "imaginative" literature or literature that is not necessarily true?
(a) Memoir.
(b) Nonfiction.
(c) Biography.
(d) Fiction.

15. According to Eagleton, the formalists were not out to define literature but they were out to define what?
(a) Criticism.
(b) Literariness.
(c) Inventiveness.
(d) Realism.

Short Answer Questions

1. According to Eagleton, the approaches outlined in his book have implications where?

2. According to Eagleton, what happens when literary theory becomes "turgidly unreadable"?

3. According to Eagleton, "Literary Theory: An Introduction" has managed to reach readers beyond __________.

4. What three sequential stages does Eagleton point out in the development of modern literary theory?

5. According to Eagleton, the literary work in Romantic society is seen as a ________ that is in contrast to the "fragmented individualism" of capitalist society?

(see the answer keys)

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