|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. According to Eagleton, in the romantic aesthetic theory the meaning of the word literature became what?
2. What example from the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries does Eagleton provide that was not considered purely factual?
3. What kind of language does Eagleton say people think of literature as?
4. Eagleton writes that "New Criticism was the ideology of an ________, _______intelligentsia who reinvented in literature what they could not locate in reality."
(a) Uprooted, defensive.
(b) Apathetic, placid.
(c) Educated, grounded.
(d) Aggressive, violent.
5. For E.D. Hirsch, the aim of "policing" an author's meaning is to what, according to Eagleton?
(a) Control her/his "private property."
(b) Protect her/his "private property."
(c) Alter her/his "private property."
(d) Sell her/his "private property."
6. By the early 1930s, the study of English literature became what kind of pursuit?
(a) A singular openminded pursuit.
(b) A supremel uncivilized pursuit.
(c) A singular narrowminded pursuit.
(d) A supremely civilizing pursuit.
7. What kind of analysis is phenomenology, according to Eagleton?
(a) Uncritical and non-evaluative.
(b) Uncritical and discursive.
(c) Critical and discursive.
(d) Discursive and non-evaluative.
8. According to Eagleton, the literary work in Romantic society is seen as a ________ that is in contrast to the "fragmented individualism" of capitalist society?
(a) Mysterious organic unity.
(b) Mysterious inorganic unity.
(c) Imperious inorganic unity.
(d) Imperious mechanical unity.
9. What is the name of the Russian formalist who published the pioneering essay that is the "beginnings of the transformation which has taken over literary theory in this century"?
(a) Viktor Shklovsky.
(b) Alexander Pushkin.
(c) Leo Tolstoy.
(d) Fyodor Dostoevsky.
10. What is the name of the pioneering essay the Russian formalist wrote that is the "beginnings of the transformation which has taken over literary theory in this century"?
(a) Art as Device.
(b) Theory as Practise.
(c) Film as Thought.
(d) Literature as Image.
11. Eagleton argues that the criteria for what counted as literature in the eighteenth-century was what?
12. According to Eagleton, what does his book try to demonstrate about a body of literary theory?
(a) That there is one body of literary theory that springs from and is applicable to literature alone.
(b) That there is sometimes a body of literary theory that springs from and is applicable to literature alone.
(c) That there is no body of literary theory that springs from or is applicable to literature alone.
(d) That there are several bodies of literary theory that spring from and is applicable to literature alone.
13. The distinction between fact and fiction in defining literature is what?
14. Both F.R. Leavis and Edmund Husserl seek to grasp the thing in itself, or the ______for Husserl and ______for Leavis.
(a) Image; eidos.
(b) Idea; essence.
(c) Idea; life.
(d) Eidos; life.
15. Why is the example Eagleton gives of the sign in the London Underground system that "dogs must be carried on the escalator" a case of estrangement?
(a) Because of the ambiguities inherent in the statement, which raises questions about its meaning.
(b) Because the language is prosaic and straightforward.
(c) Because the directive is unambigious and therefore inherently meaningful.
(d) Because the statement is a directive where people who do not follow are estranged from society.
Short Answer Questions
1. How far has the "theoretical revolution" spread according to Eagleton?
2. Eagleton's goal in "Literary Theory: An Introduction" is to provide a comprehensive account of literary theory for whom?
3. According to Eagleton, when did the Russian formalists emerge?
4. What is the name Edmund Husserl gave to his philosophical method?
5. According to Eagleton, why did the Russian formalists NOT see a literary work as a vehicle for ideas, reflection of reality, or transcendental truth?
This section contains 703 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)