Literary Theory: An Introduction Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. According to Eagleton, "in the terminology of reception theory, the reader _________ the literary work, which is in itself no more than a chain of organized black marks on a page."
(a) Terrorizes.
(b) Concretizes.
(c) Sanitizes.
(d) Rationalizes.

2. In the eighteenth-century, what was the whole body of writing in society considered, including philosophy, letters, history, poems, and essays?
(a) Theory.
(b) Literature.
(c) Canon.
(d) Religion.

3. Eagleton provides the analogy of finding a "scrap of writing from a long-vanished civilization" to make what point about deciphering its meaning?
(a) That we would be able to tell that it was a piece of poetry regardless of access to its language.
(b) That we would not know whether it was a piece of poetry or ordinary language.
(c) That we would be able to learn that it was a piece of poetry by looking at the language.
(d) That we would be able to see that poetry didn't exist by looking at its language.

4. According to Eagleton, the approaches outlined in his book have implications where?
(a) Well beyond politics.
(b) Well beyond literature.
(c) Well beyond language.
(d) Well beyond feeling.

5. Who was Husserl's most famous pupil who broke with his system of thought?
(a) Martin Heidegger.
(b) Ayn Rand.
(c) Walter Benjamin.
(d) Hannah Arendt.

6. Who developed hermeneutics?
(a) Hans-Georg Gadamer.
(b) Roland Barthes.
(c) E.D. Hirsch.
(d) Stanley Fish.

7. For Eagleton, hostility toward theory means what?
(a) Opposition to other people's theories and oblivion of one's own.
(b) Opposition to other people's theories.
(c) Acceptance to some people's theories and protective of one's own.
(d) Acceptance to some people's theories.

8. According to Eagleton, what idea is "truly elitist" in literary studies?
(a) "The idea that literature is the only way to understand a particular culture."
(b) "The idea that works of literature can only be appreciated by those with a particular sort of cultural breeding."
(c) "The idea that literature can only be understood by writers of literature."
(d) "The idea that literature should not be read by those without a higher degree."

9. According to Viktor Shklovsky, what novel was "the most typical novel in world literature" because it impeded its own story-line so that it never gets off the ground?
(a) "Animal Farm."
(b) "Tristram Shandy."
(c) "Don Quixote."
(d) "History of the Rebellion."

10. According to Eagleton, "In the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries, the word ______seems to have been used about true and fictional events."
(a) Novel.
(b) Theory.
(c) Memoir.
(d) News.

11. For Eagleton, Gadamer's theory only holds if one makes what "enormous assumption"?
(a) That there are multiple traditions.
(b) That there is a single, mainstream modernity.
(c) That there are multiple modernities.
(d) That there is a single, mainstream tradition.

12. Eagleton argues that the readership his book has attracted dispels the notion that literary theory is what?
(a) Simple.
(b) Boring.
(c) Elitist.
(d) Misguided.

13. During the 1960s, what kind of students began to enter higher education that broke down assumptions about literary studies?
(a) Students from supposedly "third-world" countries.
(b) Students from supposedly "cultivated" backgrounds.
(c) Students from supposedly "uncultivated" backgrounds.
(d) Students from supposedly "first-world" countries.

14. For the economist Eagleton discusses, "those economists who dislike theory or claimed to get along better without it" were what?
(a) Had no knowledge of any theory.
(b) In the grip of the most current theory.
(c) In the grip of an older theory.
(d) Didn't understand the importance of theory.

15. According to Eagleton, in the romantic aesthetic theory the meaning of the word literature became what?
(a) Psychology.
(b) Realism.
(c) Communism.
(d) Ideology.

Short Answer Questions

1. What word does Eagleton discuss that is both a descriptive term to mean "literally untrue" as well as an evaluative term to mean "visionary" or "inventive"?

2. According to the Russian formalist Osip Brik, Pushkin's "Eugene Onegin" would have been written if Pushkin had what?

3. According to Eagleton, what becomes the "panacea for all problems" as part of the romantics' aesthetic theory at the turn of the eighteenth century?

4. What proposes a "severe problem" for Husserl's theory?

5. Eagleton argues that reading literature in a new critical way was a recipe for what?

(see the answer keys)

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