|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. According to the Russian critic Roman Jakobson, literature represents "organized ______committed on ordinary _______."
(a) Violence; people.
(b) Protest; speech.
(c) Violence; speech.
(d) Religion; writing.
2. According to Eagleton, what idea is "truly elitist" in literary studies?
(a) "The idea that literature should not be read by those without a higher degree."
(b) "The idea that works of literature can only be appreciated by those with a particular sort of cultural breeding."
(c) "The idea that literature is the only way to understand a particular culture."
(d) "The idea that literature can only be understood by writers of literature."
3. For Eagleton, opposition between "historical" and "artistic" truth does NOT apply to what?
(a) Early Icelandic sagas.
(c) Late Victorian novels.
(d) Middle English.
4. What is the name of the critic from the Constance school of reception aesthetics and the author of "The Act of Reading" who Eagleton discusses at length?
(a) Roland Barthes.
(b) Jean Paul Sartre.
(c) Roman Ingarden.
(d) Wolfgang Iser.
5. Eagleton argues that for Stanley Fish, what a text "does" to us is a matter of what we do to what?
(a) To the text.
(b) To the critic.
(c) To the author.
(d) To the reader.
6. Why is the example Eagleton gives of the sign in the London Underground system that "dogs must be carried on the escalator" a case of estrangement?
(a) Because the directive is unambigious and therefore inherently meaningful.
(b) Because the language is prosaic and straightforward.
(c) Because of the ambiguities inherent in the statement, which raises questions about its meaning.
(d) Because the statement is a directive where people who do not follow are estranged from society.
7. What is the name of the pioneering essay the Russian formalist wrote that is the "beginnings of the transformation which has taken over literary theory in this century"?
(a) Literature as Image.
(b) Art as Device.
(c) Film as Thought.
(d) Theory as Practise.
8. According to Eagleton, formalism is the application of what to the study of literature?
9. What year did Terry Eagleton's "Literary Theory: An Introduction" first appear?
10. What example from the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries does Eagleton provide that was not considered purely factual?
11. During the 1960s, what kind of students began to enter higher education that broke down assumptions about literary studies?
(a) Students from supposedly "third-world" countries.
(b) Students from supposedly "first-world" countries.
(c) Students from supposedly "uncultivated" backgrounds.
(d) Students from supposedly "cultivated" backgrounds.
12. The German philosopher Edmund Husserl argued that objects can be regarded as things ______ by consciousness.
13. During the Romantic period, how is literature more than "idle escapism"?
(a) It is the rejection of creative values celebrated in English society.
(b) It is the acceptance of totalarian values rejected in English society.
(c) It is the affirmation of creative values expunged from English society.
(d) It is the celebration of totalarian values enforced in English society.
14. For the economist Eagleton discusses, "those economists who dislike theory or claimed to get along better without it" were what?
(a) Had no knowledge of any theory.
(b) In the grip of the most current theory.
(c) In the grip of an older theory.
(d) Didn't understand the importance of theory.
15. According to Eagleton, the sentence "this is awfully squiggly handwriting" from Knut Hamsun's "Hunger" tells him its literary because of what reason?
(a) The facts.
(b) The ideas.
(c) The content.
(d) The context.
Short Answer Questions
1. What "twin impacts" does Eagleton cite in the mid-Victorian period that was particularly worrisome to the ruling class?
2. How did the Romantic artist reflect her or his work in its detachment from history itself?
3. What is the German word for how reality is not objective, but experienced and organized by an individual subject?
4. Eagleton argues that the readership his book has attracted dispels the notion that literary theory is what?
5. According to Eagleton, the literary work in Romantic society is seen as a ________ that is in contrast to the "fragmented individualism" of capitalist society?
This section contains 736 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)