|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. For Eagleton, Gadamer's theory only holds if one makes what "enormous assumption"?
(a) That there is a single, mainstream modernity.
(b) That there are multiple traditions.
(c) That there are multiple modernities.
(d) That there is a single, mainstream tradition.
2. According to Eagleton, what idea is "truly elitist" in literary studies?
(a) "The idea that works of literature can only be appreciated by those with a particular sort of cultural breeding."
(b) "The idea that literature should not be read by those without a higher degree."
(c) "The idea that literature is the only way to understand a particular culture."
(d) "The idea that literature can only be understood by writers of literature."
3. What is "imaginative" literature or literature that is not necessarily true?
4. According to Eagleton, the formalists were not out to define literature but they were out to define what?
5. According to Eagleton, what kind of thought does literary education NOT encourage?
(a) Rational thought.
(b) Creative thought.
(c) Irrational thought.
(d) Analytical thought.
6. What is the name of the pioneering essay the Russian formalist wrote that is the "beginnings of the transformation which has taken over literary theory in this century"?
(a) Literature as Image.
(b) Theory as Practise.
(c) Film as Thought.
(d) Art as Device.
7. What word does Eagleton discuss that is both a descriptive term to mean "literally untrue" as well as an evaluative term to mean "visionary" or "inventive"?
8. What is the name Edmund Husserl gave to his philosophical method?
(a) New criticism.
(d) Reception theory.
9. According to Eagleton, the sentence "this is awfully squiggly handwriting" from Knut Hamsun's "Hunger" tells him its literary because of what reason?
(a) The content.
(b) The facts.
(c) The ideas.
(d) The context.
10. According to Eagleton, Gibbon and the authors of Genesis share what in common?
(a) Both wrote fiction that is read as historical fact.
(b) Both wrote historical truth that is read as fiction.
(c) Both wrote fiction that is read as fact by some and fiction by others.
(d) They both thought they were writing historical truth, but are read as fact by some and fiction by others.
11. According to Eagleton, formalism is the application of what to the study of literature?
12. The Russian formalists rejected what kind of doctrines that had influenced literary criticism?
(a) Quasi-mystical psychoanalytic doctrines.
(b) Quasi-mystical religious doctrines.
(c) Quasi-mystical fictional doctrines.
(d) Quasi-mystical symbolist doctrines.
13. For Eagleton, E.D. Hirsch attempts to "offer a form of knowledge" that is what?
14. Eagleton provides the analogy of finding a "scrap of writing from a long-vanished civilization" to make what point about deciphering its meaning?
(a) That we would be able to see that poetry didn't exist by looking at its language.
(b) That we would not know whether it was a piece of poetry or ordinary language.
(c) That we would be able to learn that it was a piece of poetry by looking at the language.
(d) That we would be able to tell that it was a piece of poetry regardless of access to its language.
15. What period did our own definition of literature begin to emerge, according to Eagleton?
(a) Romantic period.
(b) Modernist period.
(c) Victorian period.
(d) Enlightenment period.
Short Answer Questions
1. According to Eagleton, "Literary Theory: An Introduction" has managed to reach readers beyond __________.
2. For the economist Eagleton discusses, "those economists who dislike theory or claimed to get along better without it" were what?
3. According to Eagleton, the approaches outlined in his book have implications where?
4. According to Viktor Shklovsky, what novel was "the most typical novel in world literature" because it impeded its own story-line so that it never gets off the ground?
5. According to Eagleton, "in the terminology of reception theory, the reader _________ the literary work, which is in itself no more than a chain of organized black marks on a page."
This section contains 679 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)