|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. According to Eagleton, why is Hans-Georg Gadamer not concerned about bringing our cultural preconceptions to a literary work?
(a) Because like the literary work, they come from tradition.
(b) Because unlike the literary work, they come from modernity.
(c) Because like the literary work, they come from modernity.
(d) Because unlike the literary work, the come from tradition.
2. How many decades, according to Eagleton, has there been a "striking proliferation of literary theory" since the publication of the Russian formalist's pioneering essay?
3. According to Eagleton, when did the Russian formalists emerge?
(a) After WWI.
(b) During the Russian Revolution.
(c) Before WWII.
(d) Before the Bolshevik Revolution.
4. What person is NOT included in the ranks of Russian formalists?
(a) Boris Tomashevsky.
(b) Heinrich Wolffin.
(c) Roman Jakobson.
(d) Viktor Shklovsky.
5. According to Eagleton, why did the Russian formalists NOT see a literary work as a vehicle for ideas, reflection of reality, or transcendental truth?
(a) Because they saw language as obtuse, vague, and ephemeral.
(b) Because they saw language as words and not objects or feelings.
(c) Because they saw language as potentially empowering the masses.
(d) Because they saw language as a mode of speech for the wealthy.
6. According to Eagleton, what is ironic about those who complain of the difficulty of literary theory?
(a) "That those who complain would expect to understand a textbook of biology or chemical engineering."
(b) "That those who complain are often uncivilised and uneducated."
(c) "That those who complain would not expect to understand a textbook of biology or chemical engineering."
(d) "That those who complain are often civilised and educated."
7. According to Eagleton, the Russian formalist shifted their attention to the "material reality" of what?
(a) The critic.
(b) The fiction.
(c) The facts.
(d) The text.
8. During the 1960s, what kind of students began to enter higher education that broke down assumptions about literary studies?
(a) Students from supposedly "first-world" countries.
(b) Students from supposedly "third-world" countries.
(c) Students from supposedly "uncultivated" backgrounds.
(d) Students from supposedly "cultivated" backgrounds.
9. Eagleton writes that "New Criticism was the ideology of an ________, _______intelligentsia who reinvented in literature what they could not locate in reality."
(a) Apathetic, placid.
(b) Aggressive, violent.
(c) Uprooted, defensive.
(d) Educated, grounded.
10. According to Eagleton, what becomes the "panacea for all problems" as part of the romantics' aesthetic theory at the turn of the eighteenth century?
(a) The text.
(b) The image.
(c) The symbol.
(d) The word.
11. What year did Terry Eagleton's "Literary Theory: An Introduction" first appear?
12. What three sequential stages does Eagleton point out in the development of modern literary theory?
(a) The preoccupation with the text, the exclusive concern with the reader, and a shift toward the author.
(b) The preoccupation with the reader, the exclusive concern with the text, and a shift toward the critic.
(c) The preoccupation with the critic, the exclusive concern with the author, and a shift toward the text.
(d) The preoccupation with the author, the exclusive concern with the text, and a shift toward the reader.
13. According to the Russian critic Roman Jakobson, literature represents "organized ______committed on ordinary _______."
(a) Violence; speech.
(b) Violence; people.
(c) Protest; speech.
(d) Religion; writing.
14. According to Eagleton, the formalists were not out to define literature but they were out to define what?
15. What proposes a "severe problem" for Husserl's theory?
Short Answer Questions
1. What period did our own definition of literature begin to emerge, according to Eagleton?
2. For Eagleton, Gadamer's theory only holds if one makes what "enormous assumption"?
3. According to Eagleton, what happens when literary theory becomes "turgidly unreadable"?
4. According to Eagleton, the approaches outlined in his book have implications where?
5. The Russian formalists rejected what kind of doctrines that had influenced literary criticism?
This section contains 679 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)