Literary Theory: An Introduction Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Eagleton writes that "New Criticism was the ideology of an ________, _______intelligentsia who reinvented in literature what they could not locate in reality."
(a) Uprooted, defensive.
(b) Educated, grounded.
(c) Apathetic, placid.
(d) Aggressive, violent.

2. According to Eagleton, why is E.D. Hirsch able to maintain his view that literary meaning is absolute and resistant to historical change?
(a) Because meaning is viewed as pre-historic.
(b) Because meaning is viewed as pre-arranged.
(c) Because meaning is viewed as pre-linguistic.
(d) Because meaning is viewed as pre-modern.

3. According to Eagleton, "In the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries, the word ______seems to have been used about true and fictional events."
(a) Memoir.
(b) Theory.
(c) Novel.
(d) News.

4. Who was glad to abandon the "feminine vagaries of literature" in favor of penning war propaganda?
(a) Walter Raleigh.
(b) George Gordon.
(c) Matthew Arnold.
(d) Lord Byron.

5. For the Romantics, why was their vision of a just society was inverted into a nostalgia for an old and "organic" England?
(a) Because they lacked the means of transforming industrial capitalism.
(b) Because they refused to give up their privilege as writers in industrial society.
(c) Because they were revolutionaries who were imprisoned in the old system.
(d) Because their vision of a just society was a corrupted version of industrial capitalism.

6. According to Eagleton, the approaches outlined in his book have implications where?
(a) Well beyond feeling.
(b) Well beyond language.
(c) Well beyond politics.
(d) Well beyond literature.

7. According to Eagleton, the Russian formalist shifted their attention to the "material reality" of what?
(a) The fiction.
(b) The facts.
(c) The text.
(d) The critic.

8. What three sequential stages does Eagleton point out in the development of modern literary theory?
(a) The preoccupation with the text, the exclusive concern with the reader, and a shift toward the author.
(b) The preoccupation with the author, the exclusive concern with the text, and a shift toward the reader.
(c) The preoccupation with the critic, the exclusive concern with the author, and a shift toward the text.
(d) The preoccupation with the reader, the exclusive concern with the text, and a shift toward the critic.

9. What role does reception theory examine?
(a) The teacher's role.
(b) The author's role.
(c) The reader's role.
(d) The critic's role.

10. What is the name of the American hermeneuticist E.D. Hirsch Jr.'s famous 1967 book?
(a) "Truth and Fact."
(b) "Meaning or Method."
(c) "Being and Time."
(d) "Validity in Interpretation."

11. Who is the key figure in the Victorian period Eagleton cites as "preternaturally aware of the needs of his social class"?
(a) Percy Shelley.
(b) William Morris.
(c) Matthew Arnold.
(d) George Gordon.

12. Eagleton argues that for Stanley Fish, what a text "does" to us is a matter of what we do to what?
(a) To the text.
(b) To the author.
(c) To the reader.
(d) To the critic.

13. Eagleton provides the analogy of finding a "scrap of writing from a long-vanished civilization" to make what point about deciphering its meaning?
(a) That we would not know whether it was a piece of poetry or ordinary language.
(b) That we would be able to learn that it was a piece of poetry by looking at the language.
(c) That we would be able to tell that it was a piece of poetry regardless of access to its language.
(d) That we would be able to see that poetry didn't exist by looking at its language.

14. According to Eagleton, Gibbon and the authors of Genesis share what in common?
(a) Both wrote historical truth that is read as fiction.
(b) Both wrote fiction that is read as historical fact.
(c) They both thought they were writing historical truth, but are read as fact by some and fiction by others.
(d) Both wrote fiction that is read as fact by some and fiction by others.

15. According to the Russian formalist Osip Brik, Pushkin's "Eugene Onegin" would have been written if Pushkin had what?
(a) Been uneducated.
(b) Died young.
(c) Not lived.
(d) Married early.

Short Answer Questions

1. Eagleton argues that reading literature in a new critical way was a recipe for what?

2. The German philosopher Edmund Husserl argued that objects can be regarded as things ______ by consciousness.

3. According to Eagleton, why did the Russian formalists NOT see a literary work as a vehicle for ideas, reflection of reality, or transcendental truth?

4. According to Eagleton, "in the terminology of reception theory, the reader _________ the literary work, which is in itself no more than a chain of organized black marks on a page."

5. How did the Romantic artist reflect her or his work in its detachment from history itself?

(see the answer keys)

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