|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What type of book is LEVIATHAN?
(a) A science fiction book
(b) A book about large fish
(c) A book about comparative religion
(d) A book of political philosophy
2. How does Hobbes define a pact or covenant?
(a) when any promise is made
(b) when something is transferred or traded for future payment
(c) when something is sold or traded
(d) when money changes hands
3. How does Hobbes say a commonwealth is taken by acquisition?
(a) Adjacent territory is annexed by vote.
(b) People ask to join a bigger commonwealth.
(c) In fear of death, men surrender to the new commonwealth
(d) Money is exchanged for the new territory.
4. What option does Hobbes say everyone has?
(a) to live in misery or happiness
(b) to talk or be quiet
(c) to work or play
(d) to live or die
5. How does Hobbes define a monarchy?
(a) In a monarchy, all the people hold power.
(b) In a monarchy, only one man has power.
(c) In a monarchy, only the nobles hold power.
(d) In a monarchy, the assembly holds power.
6. How can it be said that each man in a group has a voice?
(a) because their representative shares their same opinions
(b) because they get to speak one by one
(c) because they all speak in unison
(d) because no deaf mute is allowed to participate
7. What does Hobbes call a third law of nature?
(c) the inevitability of death
8. What is a counselor's disadvantage in speaking only to one man?
(a) He can be misquoted.
(b) He can be attacked.
(c) He can be interrupted.
(d) He can be more forceful.
9. What example does Hobbes give as a meaningless combination of words?
(a) gentle giant
(b) round square
(c) holy war
(d) easy labor
10. What does Hobbes say are the three types of commonwealth?
(a) high, low and mediocre
(b) common, formal and independent
(c) dictatorships, republics and anarchies
(d) monarchies, democracies and aristocracies
11. What are some of his voluntary motions?
(a) feelings like desire, appetite, love and hate
(b) activities like hearing and seeing
(c) functions like pulse and respiration
(d) internals like digesting and breathing
12. Why does Hobbes say men will give up some of their freedoms?
(a) when they go to prison
(b) to seek protection for their lives and those of their family
(c) when they are given other freedoms in return
(d) when it does not cost them anything
13. In his comparison of the commonwealth to the body, what does Hobbes identify as the role of the sovereign?
(a) the head of the commonwealth, which is the mind
(b) the father of the commonwealth, which is his responsibility
(c) the spine of the commonwealth, which keeps it erect
(d) the soul of the commonwealth, which is the body
14. To be sure one has found reason, what is necessary?
(a) All affirmations and negations must be considered.
(b) It must stand the test of time.
(c) The negations must be discarded.
(d) The soverign must be consulted.
15. How does Hobbes suggest that people reason?
(a) By adding or subtracting two thoughts
(b) By first getting burned
(c) By counting on fingers and toes
(d) By mathematical equations
Short Answer Questions
1. What seems to be a contradiction in Hobbes' attitude toward protest?
2. What is the term he uses for reasoning with another person?
3. What example does Hobbes give to support his idea that just banding together is not enough for protection?
4. What can the commonwealth do to check bad behavior of its citizens?
5. Why does Hobbes contend that no sovereign can do wrong to anyone under his authority?
This section contains 676 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)