|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How does Hobbes identify political systems?
(a) those which are granted status by the sovereign
(b) those which are entirely run by negotiation
(c) thise which are regulated by majority consensus
(d) those which are only governed by an assembly
2. Where can a monarch go for advice?
(a) special elections
(b) public opinion polls
(c) only to God
(d) counsel he has appointed for that purpose
3. What is the second right of the sovereign?
(a) The sovereign may travel as often as necessary.
(b) The sovereign can name all successors.
(c) The sovereign cannot be forfeited.
(d) The sovereign cannot be forced to go to war.
4. Why must people create a covenant or agreement to give power to one person, or small group of people?
(a) It is not possible to assemble all the people all the time.
(b) That is the natural way of doing things.
(c) Some think too highly of themselves or blow things out of proportion.
(d) Too many cooks spoil the broth.
5. What does Hobbes identify as the two ways one can hold sway over others?
(a) money and gifts
(b) charisma and intelligence
(c) power and control
(d) counsel and command
6. What does Hobbes say people are either born with or develop?
(a) hair and fingernails
(b) appetites and aversions
(c) fingers and toes
(d) personalities and names
7. Why does Hobbes say that virtue is comparative?
(a) If all things were equal in all men, nothing would be prized.
(b) If all things were equal, this would be heaven.
(c) If there are no comparisons there are no problems.
(d) If virtue is equal then there is no evil.
8. Why does Hobbes say men will give up some of their freedoms?
(a) when they are given other freedoms in return
(b) when they go to prison
(c) when it does not cost them anything
(d) to seek protection for their lives and those of their family
9. What example does Hobbes give as a meaningless combination of words?
(a) round square
(b) holy war
(c) gentle giant
(d) easy labor
10. What is Hobbes' position on mothers and their children?
(a) The state owns all children.
(b) Mothers have no rights to children.
(c) Mothers will abandon their children.
(d) The mother is the natural owner of the children.
11. How must a counselor speak?
(a) with a lot of repetition so his points sink in
(b) truthfully and concisely without using too many confusing and eloquent words
(c) loudly so he can be heard at the back of the group
(d) angrily so that the group will fear him
12. How does Hobbes classify intellectual virtue?
(a) having insight into spiritual matters
(b) having a high IQ
(c) having natural wit or a quick imagination
(d) having natural innocence
13. In his comparison of the commonwealth to the body, what does Hobbes identify as the role of the sovereign?
(a) the father of the commonwealth, which is his responsibility
(b) the head of the commonwealth, which is the mind
(c) the spine of the commonwealth, which keeps it erect
(d) the soul of the commonwealth, which is the body
14. What is needed to be able to judge what is just or unjust?
15. What example does Hobbes give to support his idea that just banding together is not enough for protection?
(a) A hundred rabbits can scare a hunter.
(b) A flock of birds cannot defeat the cat.
(c) Two families joined are not powerful enough to combat three families.
(d) Twenty sheep cannot fight off a pack of wolves.
Short Answer Questions
1. How does Hobbes define a monarchy?
2. What is the sovereign's right in legal matters?
3. How does Hobbes see the commonwealth?
4. What option does Hobbes say everyone has?
5. How does Hobbes define injustice of an action?
This section contains 684 words
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