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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through A Gem from Isaac Newton.

## Multiple Choice Questions

**1. What is a "depressed cubic"?**
**(a)** A method to solve equations with two variables. **(b)** A method to simplify measuring complex geometric forms. **(c)** A method to simpify the x squared value in a cubic equation. **(d)** A method to logically square all the factors in a cubic equation.

**2. What was Euclid's definition of a prime number?**
**(a)** Numbers which do not, and can not, contain a perfect number. **(b)** Numbers which contain an infinite number of composite numbers. **(c)** Numbers which can only be divided by themselves and 1. **(d)** Numbers which are divisible by 2.

**3. What did Dunham claim about Archimedes's determination of a number value for pi?**
**(a)** Archimedes's number could have been better if he had understood Euclid's work better, **(b)** Archimedes's number was not very accurate, considering the technology of his time. **(c)** Archimedes's number was very good, considering he did not have a way to calculate square roots. **(d)** Archimedes's number was perfectly correct.

**4. Who asked Tartaglia for his solution to cubic equations?**
**(a)** Pacioli. **(b)** Fior, **(c)** Cardano. **(d)** Fontana.

**5. Which of the following was NOT defined by Euclid?**
**(a)** Odd numbers. **(b)** Whole numbers. **(c)** Even numbers. **(d)** Nominal numbers.

## Short Answer Questions

**1.** Which phrase best describes Newton as a student at Cambridge?

**2.** In what century did Archimedes live?

**3.** According to Euclid, when is a triangle a right triangle?

**4.** Which of the following is true in modern math about twin primes?

**5.** Who else, besides Newton, independently discovered a calculus method?

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