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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through A Gem from Isaac Newton.

## Multiple Choice Questions

**1. Why did Cardano take an oath to secrecy?**
**(a)** It was to the only way to win the contest with Fior, **(b)** It was the only way to get Tartaglia's solution to cubic equations. **(c)** It was the only way to get his book published. **(d)** It was the only way he could become a priest,

**2. What did Newton's calculus involve?**
**(a)** Determining the area under a curve. **(b)** Proving the cubic equation. **(c)** Proving the existance of pi. **(d)** Determining the volume of a sphere.

**3. Who challenged Tartaglia to a contest to solve cubic equations?**
**(a)** Pacioli. **(b)** del Ferro. **(c)** Cardano. **(d)** Fior.

**4. According to Euclid, when is a triangle a right triangle?**
**(a)** When a triangle has a side whose square is the sum of the squares of the two legs. **(b)** When a triangle has three sides whose squares are equal to the area of the triangle. **(c)** When a triangle can be constructed with three unequal sides. **(d)** When a triangle does not have a side which can be considered a hypotenuse.

**5. Who encourages Newton during his studies at Cambridge?**
**(a)** Isaac Barrow. **(b)** John Napier. **(c)** Henry Stokes. **(d)** Henry Briggs.

## Short Answer Questions

**1.** How many sides did the pentadecagon have, as presented by Euclid?

**2.** In Elements, how many postulates must be accepted as given?

**3.** What did Dunham claim about Archimedes's determination of a number value for pi?

**4.** Which name does NOT belong?

**5.** Numbers whose divisor add up to itself, was considered which type of number according to Euclid?

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