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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through A Gem from Isaac Newton.

## Multiple Choice Questions

**1. Which is one of the common notions presented in Elements?**
**(a)** "Things which are equal to the same thing are also equal to each other." **(b)** "The inverse of a line makes a circle." **(c)** "Things with are equal have an inverse that is equal." **(d)** "Points with equal values can be connected with a line of equal value."

**2. Where does the center of mathematical thinking shift to after Italy?**
**(a)** To France and Britian. **(b)** To Britian and Scotland. **(c)** To Germany and Russia. **(d)** To Turkey and Russia.

**3. Where was Neil's Abel from?**
**(a)** Finland. **(b)** Great Britian, **(c)** Norway. **(d)** Ireland.

**4. What is true about prime numbers?**
**(a)** That for every group of prime numbers, there exists at least one more prime. **(b)** Prime numbers can not exist in a finite series. **(c)** Prime numbers can never be an odd number. **(d)** Prime numbers are not divisible by other numbers.

**5. What is a "depressed cubic"?**
**(a)** A method to simpify the x squared value in a cubic equation. **(b)** A method to logically square all the factors in a cubic equation. **(c)** A method to simplify measuring complex geometric forms. **(d)** A method to solve equations with two variables.

## Short Answer Questions

**1.** Which of the following becomes an important definition in mathematics that was first presented in Elements?

**2.** What was the title of Cardano's book which contained the solution to the cubic?

**3.** In general, what did Euclid's number theory describe?

**4.** What provided most of the content in the book Elements?

**5.** Which of the following is true about pi, as described by Dunham.

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