Expresses the proportions of the sides of a right triangle, that the square of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the two perpendicular legs.
Determines the area of a closed polygon by constructing a square of the same area.
Can only be divided evenly by itself and 1.
Allows for the expansion of algebraic equations with exponents.
The sum of the series diverges toward infinity
The ratio between the diameter and the circumference of a circle.
A number used to describe types of infinite sets.
A function of the form ax³ + bx² + cx + d where a is not equal to zero.
A term for all the numbers between two integers, such as between 0 and 1.
A book that developed complex proofs of geometric relationships built upon basic axioms.
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