Pythagorean Theorem - Expresses the proportions of the sides of a right triangle, that the square of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the two perpendicular legs.
Quadrature - Determines the area of a closed polygon by constructing a square of the same area.
Prime Number - Can only be divided evenly by itself and 1.
Binomial Theorem - Allows for the expansion of algebraic equations with exponents.
Harmonic Series - The sum of the series diverges toward infinity
π - The ratio between the diameter and the circumference of a circle.
Transfinite Cardinal - A number used to describe types of infinite sets.
Cubic Equation - A function of the form ax³ + bx² + cx + d where a is not equal to zero.
Continuum - A term for all the numbers between two integers, such as between 0 and 1.
Elements - A book that developed...
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