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## Pythagorean Theorem

Expresses the proportions of the sides of a right triangle, that the square of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the two perpendicular legs.

## Quadrature

Determines the area of a closed polygon by constructing a square of the same area.

## Prime Number

Can only be divided evenly by itself and 1.

## Binomial Theorem

Allows for the expansion of algebraic equations with exponents.

## Harmonic Series

The sum of the series diverges toward infinity

## Ï€

The ratio between the diameter and the circumference of a circle.

## Transfinite Cardinal

A number used to describe types of infinite sets.

## Cubic Equation

A function of the form ax³ + bx² + cx + d where a is not equal to zero.

## Continuum

A term for all the numbers between two integers, such as between 0 and 1.

## Elements

A book that developed complex proofs of geometric relationships built upon basic axioms.

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