|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Eagleman say is difficult?
2. What was winning the battle for control of Whitman's behavior in Eagleman's analogy?
3. What argument does Eagleman say he is not making?
4. What happens when a rat is presented with a similar dilemma as the one in question 129?
5. What did Whitman indicate in some writings he left behind?
Short Essay Questions
1. What does Chapter 4 explore?
2. How does Eagleman interpret the incident?
3. How does Eagleman use an example of early robotics to illustrate how the mind may be divided?
4. What does Eagleman say about free will?
5. What does Eagleman suggest about our culpability in our actions, particularly males?
6. What incident does Eagleman discuss concerning Mel Gibson?
7. What comparison of thought to wavelengths does Eagleman make?
8. How does Eagleman compare the conscious mind to our senses?
9. What does Eagleman have readers consider about Whitman?
10. How does Eagleman see many of the small sub-routines of the mind and what example does he give?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Eagleman gives the reader an overview of his ideas about success in Incognito. Discuss one of the following:
1. Discuss Eagleman's opinions of three topics he discussed in relation to the brain. Do you agree or disagree with him? Why? Use examples from Incognito to support your answer.
2. Compare and contrast Eagleman's opinions from Incognito with what you might imagine Eagleman's opinion might be had he lived 100 years ago. How do you think his opinions would change? Would they remain the same? Explain fully. Use examples from Incognito to support your answer.
3. Discuss how you think Eagleman's view on several topics from this essay informs his life as a researcher. Use examples from Incognito to support your answer.
Essay Topic 2
While there are many competing aspects of the brain Eagleman argues, he focuses on two which he labels the "rational" and "emotional." The rational mind is focused on analyzing the outside world while the emotional mind looks inward. He presents the results of an experiment that pits these two rivals against one another. Subjects are presented with a fictional situation where allowing one person to die would save the lives of five others. In one version of the situation, the person would have to pull a lever to move a runaway train onto a track where it would kill one person but miss killing five. In this version, most people agree they would pull the lever, as the loss of one life is preferable to the loss of five. In another version, however, the situation is presented so that the person would actually have to push one person from an overhanging bridge to stop the train that would otherwise kill five people. Subjects found this version more difficult. The experimenters concluded that the emotional aspect of actually touching a person and pushing them to their deaths overrode the rational computation that it was better to lose one life than five lives.
1. Which mind do you think is more reliable, the rational or the emotional? Why? Use examples from your own life and Incognito to support your answer.
2. Discuss a situation where you made a decision with your emotions rather than your logic. Use examples from your own life and Incognito to support your answer.
3. Do you think you would have the same problem with pushing a person off a bridge as the people in this experiment? Why or why not? Use examples from your own life and Incognito to support your answer.
Essay Topic 3
Another set of conflicting motivations in the human mind is the rivalry between short term and long term desires, Eagleman argues. He presents several examples of people acting in ways that serve a long-term interest and protect them from the their short-term tendencies. A Christmas club is one such example, where people put money aside each month and then have it returned at Christmas time for purchasing gifts. These kinds of self-bargains are called "Ulysses contracts" after the classical figure Ulysses who had himself lashed to the mast of his boat so he would not be persuaded by the beautiful song of the sirens to steer his boat into the rocks.
1. Why do you think it is important to learn how to delay gratification? Use examples from your own life and Incognito to support your reasoning.
2. What do you think might be the difference in delaying short term goals between a child of 10 and an adult? Use examples from your own life and Incognito to support your reasoning.
3. Discuss an example in your own life where you did or did not delay an immediate desire in order to achieve a long term goal. How did this incident relate to one of the examples Eagleman gave?
This section contains 1,491 words
(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page)