Ideas and Opinions Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What is the is the hidden evil power behind nationalism everywhere?
(a) The armament industry.
(b) Satan.
(c) False pride.
(d) A lack of clear thinking.

2. Why does Einstein think humans act and think?
(a) To satisfy needs and avoid pain.
(b) In order to evolve.
(c) Because it is a compulsion built into them genetically.
(d) Because they are superior to animals.

3. Though science can produce knowledge and means of action, what can it not do?
(a) Stop thinking that arises from myth.
(b) Set goals or pass value judgments.
(c) Produce truth.
(d) Initiate that action.

4. What does Einstein warn the Progressive Education Association?
(a) That education is worthless without morality.
(b) That teaching pacifism without spurning militarism is unrealistic.
(c) That progress without deliberation leads to becoming mired in legality.
(d) That progress without intention is disasterous.

5. Upon what do great men have little effect?
(a) Political events.
(b) Art.
(c) The life of the common person.
(d) Religious persuasion.

6. What does Einstein claim uncontrolled technology has created?
(a) Massive religious unrest.
(b) An abandonment of religious principles.
(c) Massive unemployment.
(d) A reliance on machines that may prove society's downfall.

7. Security through superior military power is what?
(a) A wise attempt.
(b) Ultimately beneficial.
(c) Useful to a certain point.
(d) An illusion.

8. Who does Einstein think is the man least likely to be duped by desires?
(a) Hitler.
(b) Freud.
(c) Churchill.
(d) The Pope.

9. Though one man choosing to be a conscientious objector would accomplish little, what would accomplish much?
(a) Einstein is not sure.
(b) All women asking their husbands, brothers and father to choose not to fight.
(c) Fifty thousand conscientious objectors.
(d) All the world leaders being "conscientious objectors."

10. What does Einstein condemn in "Production and Work"?
(a) The use of manual labor when machines are available.
(b) The overproduction of goods.
(c) The unlimited freedom of the labor market's extraordinary progress in methods of production.
(d) The use of machines that eliminates so many jobs.

11. What does Einstein seem to hate above all else?
(a) Intellectual vapidity.
(b) Laziness.
(c) War.
(d) Famine.

12. In what way does Einstein compare Europeans to Americans?
(a) Europeans value family more than Americans.
(b) He says Europeans are more pessimistic in general than Americans.
(c) Europeans are more gullible than Americans.
(d) Europeans are more generous than Americans.

13. What do the intellectual élite lack?
(a) The cohesion to attack contemporary problems.
(b) Compassion for those of lesser ilk.
(c) The foresight to make practical decisions.
(d) The ability to understand basic causes.

14. What happens when religious people insist the Bible is absolutely truth or when scientists render value judgments?
(a) Conflicts arise.
(b) A new field of science is born.
(c) The thesis of each side offers a synthesis.
(d) A consensus is reached.

15. What does Einstein say is very detrimental to the respect for the government?
(a) Giving the vote to women.
(b) Engaging in unwinnable wars.
(c) Passing unenforceable laws.
(d) Restricting voting rights.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Einstein admire about Mahatma Ghandi?

2. Whose work shatters the framework of classical mechanics and provides the basis for further research in physics?

3. Who is is the "noblest man of our times" and a natural leader?

4. What is pacifism that fails to fight against armaments?

5. What has made international peace a matter of life and death and an ethical imperative for everyone?

(see the answer keys)

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