|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. How many federal marshals were dispatched by Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy?
2. Where were the lunch counter sit-ins conducted on August 19 by the NAACP?
3. On what date did Rosa Parks refuse to give up her seat on a Montgomery bus?
4. Why was Dr. King in jail while writing the "Letter from a Birmingham Jail"?
5. When did Dr. King celebrate his thirty-first (31) birthday?
Short Essay Questions
1. According to King's speech "The Rising Tide of Racial Consciousness," what were some of the factors that led to a new sense of self-respect on the part of the African American?
2. According to King's speech "Our Struggle," how are the extreme race relations of the South explained?
3. According to "Speech Before the Youth March for Integrated Schools," what would "this generation" not take?
4. According to King's speech "The Rising Tide of Racial Consciousness," why had some African Americans become cynical and disillusioned?
5. According to King's speech "The Rising Tide of Racial Consciousness," what were the problems associated with the shift from rural to urban life for African Americans?
6. According to "Speech Before the Youth March for Integrated Schools," why should new graduates become dedicated fighters for civil rights?
7. According to King's speech "The Rising Tide of Racial Consciousness," what two fronts must the African American work on during the period of social change?
8. When Rosa Parks was asked why she did not move from her seat on the bus, what did she answer?
9. According to King's speech "Our Struggle," there were eight descriptions of the "New Negro." What were three of the eight of the descriptions?
10. According to King's speech "The Rising Tide of Racial Consciousness," what is the primary reason for bringing an end to racial discrimination?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Some may come to misunderstand the collaboration of a movement that pursues inclusion (the Civil Rights Movement) while celebrating individuality of a race (The Black Power Movement). Examine how these two "movements" can live in harmony even though they, by definition, are very different. Discuss the different attributes of each movement and their similarities. How do their differences speak to their ability to be cohesive?
Essay Topic 2
Dr. King was adamant about fighting for civil rights in a non-violent way. On the other hand, Robert Williams (Chapter 6; local president of the NAACP) choose violence as the way to freedom. Compare and contrast the non-violent and violent acts and their ability to work/or not towards the cause.
Essay Topic 3
The fight for civil rights was a fight that pitted color against color: black against white. Therefore, regardless of what was the "right" thing to do, the movement was opposed at every turn. One major opposition was the labeling of African American as communists during the Cold War. Why did those who opposed the Civil Rights Movement chose to label African Americans as communists during the Cold War? What purpose did it serve "their cause"? Why did this label make such an impact on Martin Luther King, Jr.?
This section contains 1,060 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)