History of the Peloponnesian War Test | Final Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. After the demise of Athenian democracy, what political force gains control?

2. How do scholars generally explain the contradictions in Thucydides' text?

3. How is Argos able to withstand the Spartans?

4. What is the first step in the unraveling of the Athenian force?

5. Why does Thucydides create his own chronology for his history?

Short Essay Questions

1. What is today generally referred to as the peace of Nicias?

2. In 422 BC, what caused the popularity of the Athenian general, Cleon, to rise?

3. To what did Thucydides attribute the final rout of the Athenian navy in the harbor at Syracuse?

4. How did Syracuse put the Athenian forces on the defensive?

5. How did Alcibiades respond to his recall to face charges of blasphemy?

6. What was so alarming about the revolt of Chios?

7. Besides a war history, what value is placed on the History of the Peloponnesian War?

8. What explanation is given to the stylistic density and complexity of History of the Peloponnesian War?

9. During the so-called peace of Nicias, what marked the military conflict between Athens and Sparta?

10. What happened in Athens after the revolt of Euboea?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Describe in detail the Greek phalanx which at one time was considered impregnable. Include the military innovations of the day which finally put an end to that form of warfare. Then discuss how military technology has changed warfare repeatedly down through the ages since the Peloponnesian war.

Essay Topic 2

Write an essay on the subject of slavery during the time of the Peloponnesian War. Stress the differences between Athens and Sparta over the treatment of slaves. Compare these differences with the differences in attitude between North and South in the American Civil War.

Essay Topic 3

Write a paper describing the portions of the History of the Peloponnesian War that you found most interesting. Explain in detail why those passages intrigued you. Contrast those passages with others that you found dry or less interesting.

(see the answer keys)

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