History of the Peloponnesian War Test | Final Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What is the significance of Thucydides' inclusion of the story of Aristogiton and Harmodius?

2. What happens at Amphipolis?

3. Why is Alcibiades not brought to trial immediately after the vandalism for which he is blamed?

4. How does Thucydides picture certain charismatic generals during the years of the Peloponnesian War?

5. How are the triremes used in naval combat?

Short Essay Questions

1. What was Thucydides' intention for his history of the war in terms of future reference?

2. What shenanigan was attributed to Alcibiades prior to his setting sail for Sicily?

3. In 422 BC, what caused the popularity of the Athenian general, Cleon, to rise?

4. What design changes in the new Peloponnesian triremes made them more effective against the Athenian navy?

5. What explanation is given to the stylistic density and complexity of History of the Peloponnesian War?

6. What historical turning point is inaugurated by Athens in 415 BC?

7. How did Alcibiades respond to his recall to face charges of blasphemy?

8. During the so-called peace of Nicias, what marked the military conflict between Athens and Sparta?

9. After the defeat at Syracuse, what was the condition of of the Athenian league?

10. What shift in the balance of power occurred immediately after the disastrous defeat of the Athenian army and navy at Syracuse?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Write an essay on the subject of slavery during the time of the Peloponnesian War. Stress the differences between Athens and Sparta over the treatment of slaves. Compare these differences with the differences in attitude between North and South in the American Civil War.

Essay Topic 2

Using examples from the History of the Peloponnesian War, give your opinion about the ability of one man to influence the outcome of a battle. Compare the Greek generals to other great generals of history. [Suggested examples: Napoleon, Robert E. Lee, Douglas MacArthur]

Essay Topic 3

In the time that Thucydides was writing, it was acceptable to put elements of creativity into a historical manuscript as though it were observed information. Many of the speeches delivered in both Athens and Sparta are reported as though Thucydides was actually present at the time. This practice would not be acceptable today. Give examples of this from the History of the Peloponnesian War and comment on their authenticity.

(see the answer keys)

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