History of the Peloponnesian War Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What is the first step in the unraveling of the Athenian force?
(a) Money is playing out in Athens.
(b) There starts to be a lot of defections.
(c) The Spartan presence in fortified Decelea causes difficulty in Athens, and Sparta sends reinforcements to Syracuse.
(d) The raids on Peloponnesus become ineffective.

2. What happens in 411 BC to the Athenian democracy after the defeat at Syracuse?
(a) Martial law is declared to restore order and democracy.
(b) Athenian democracy collapses under the pressure of assassinations and military defeat.
(c) The democracy splits into three separate factions.
(d) All the leaders resign in helplessness.

3. What is happening to the once invincible hoplite phalanx?
(a) It is no longer being used by the Athenians.
(b) It is becoming too expensive to mount.
(c) It is failing because it had been overused.
(d) It is becoming ineffective against new weapons and tactics.

4. What indicates Athens' former military superiority as late as 412 BC?
(a) Athens still has a significant military force .
(b) Sparta is still unable to get beyond Attica.
(c) Small nations still look to Sthens for protection.
(d) Persia still considers Athens as a threat.

5. What further mischief does a former Athenian general create in 412 BC?
(a) Alcibiades attempts to subvert an Athenian army in the field at Samos.
(b) Nicias leads a revolt of the Athenian army.
(c) Cleon turns traitor and gives state secrets to Sparta.
(d) Demosthenes attempts to establish an oligarchy with himself at its head.

6. How many battles are fought between Athens and Syracuse?
(a) Three
(b) Four
(c) Two
(d) One

7. Where is Thucydides writing his History of the Peloponnesian War?
(a) In the Library of Alexandria
(b) In Sparta
(c) Underground Athens
(d) In exile

8. What happens in Attica during the time of the battle at Amphipolis?
(a) The farmers are allowed to return to their fields.
(b) The Boeotians enjoy military success in Attica.
(c) The Crocyrans launch a successful attack.
(d) All of Attica is annexed by Sparta.

9. How does the text of Thucydides' history end?
(a) With Thucydides returning from exile back to Athens
(b) With a summary of the entire war
(c) With predictions about future wars
(d) In mid-sentence, seven years prior to the conclusion of the war

10. Why does Thucydides suddenly include more information on Peloponnesian events?
(a) He finds a Peloponnesian collabarator.
(b) Thucydides' exile somehow gains him greater access to Peloponnesian sources.
(c) He goes to Pylos and stays there for a long time.
(d) He is able to travel to Sparta under the protection of an envoy.

11. What claim does Alcibiades make when the Phoenician navy remains neutral in the Aegean?
(a) He claims that the Phoenicians are little better than pirates.
(b) He claims that rumors of Phoenician ships in the area are false intelligence.
(c) He claims it is his personal influence with the Phoenicians.
(d) He claims that he enlists the Spartan fleet to battle the Phoenicians.

12. What transpires in Syracuse in 414 BC?
(a) Large financial resources reach Syracuse.
(b) Gylippus arrives in Syracuse and saves the city from defeat.
(c) Envoys pass between Athens and Sicily.
(d) Athens leaves Syracuse when Gylippus arrives.

13. Why is Book 5 of the History of the Peloponnesian War such a short book?
(a) Much of the history during that time is lost.
(b) There are fewer conflicts spread out over a number of years.
(c) Thucydides has to leave Athens in a hurry.
(d) There is only one battle during that time.

14. How does Thucydides write about important speeches and rhetoric during his time?
(a) As a scribe, he is actually present for most of the important speeches and negotiations.
(b) He asserts a knowledge about the thoughts of individuals at key moments within the history.
(c) He interviews important principal characters in the political area of his day.
(d) He has a good imagination for what is being thought and said.

15. Why is Alcibiades not brought to trial immediately after the vandalism for which he is blamed?
(a) Many people do not believe he has anything to do with it.
(b) The fleet leaves and he goes with it.
(c) The government is slow to collect evidence.
(d) The statute of limitations runs out.

Short Answer Questions

1. What ultimatum does Athens give to Melos?

2. How does Thucydides picture certain charismatic generals during the years of the Peloponnesian War?

3. What happens in the second battle at Syracuse?

4. How does Gylippus counteract the Athenian siege?

5. What s Sparta's excuse to resume major hostilities against Athens?

(see the answer keys)

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