History of the Peloponnesian War Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What are the results of Corinth's being alarmed during 421 BC?
(a) Corinth, in particular, is alarmed as are numerous other cities and a series of alliances began to develop.
(b) Its borders are too exposed on all sides.
(c) Several spies are caught checking out their defenses.
(d) Athens and Sparta agree to attack Corinth from both sides.

2. Why is Book 5 of the History of the Peloponnesian War such a short book?
(a) Thucydides has to leave Athens in a hurry.
(b) Much of the history during that time is lost.
(c) There is only one battle during that time.
(d) There are fewer conflicts spread out over a number of years.

3. Who are the main antagonists over the military strategy in 416 BC?
(a) Thucydides and Cleon
(b) Alexander and Phillip
(c) Brasias and Pericles
(d) Nician and Alcibiades

4. What is the first step in the unraveling of the Athenian force?
(a) There starts to be a lot of defections.
(b) The Spartan presence in fortified Decelea causes difficulty in Athens, and Sparta sends reinforcements to Syracuse.
(c) The raids on Peloponnesus become ineffective.
(d) Money is playing out in Athens.

5. What unusual plan does Syracuse put into operation against Athens?
(a) Syracusans lead land attacks.
(b) Syracusans build a fleet and attack the Athenian navy.
(c) Syracuse sends sick civilians into the Athenian ranks to spread disease.
(d) Syracusans put out a rumor that the city has the plague.

6. What happens to the Athenian attack on Amphipolis?
(a) The Athenians are surprised by ambush.
(b) Sparta is there waiting for the Athenians.
(c) It fails.
(d) The Athenians easily win.

7. Why does Thucydides suddenly include more information on Peloponnesian events?
(a) Thucydides' exile somehow gains him greater access to Peloponnesian sources.
(b) He goes to Pylos and stays there for a long time.
(c) He is able to travel to Sparta under the protection of an envoy.
(d) He finds a Peloponnesian collabarator.

8. What is the resulting military action after the revolt of Chios?
(a) A surprise attack on Athens by Sparta and Syracuse
(b) A combined Athenian and Argive force achieves a victory at Miletus but then retires as a larger Peloponnesian relief force approaches.
(c) The arrival of a Persian fleet in the Aegean Sea
(d) A larger revolt involving more of the Delian League allies

9. What is the relationship of Melos to Athens during the period of the peace of Nicias?
(a) Melos seeks to evade entanglement in the Delian League.
(b) Melos sends envoys to both Athens and Sparta.
(c) Melos then engages Athens in political rhetoric and refuses to yield to Athenian demands.
(d) Melos accedes to all Athanian demands and comes under the Athenian umbrella.

10. How do scholars generally explain the contradictions in Thucydides' text?
(a) Thucydides seems to have a great deal of trouble making up his mind.
(b) Much of the manuscript is lost and Thucydides forgets what he has said earlier.
(c) Over time. he revises his opinions and understanding but does not always update all relevant textual passages.
(d) Correctly analyzed, what appears to be contradictions are actually not.

11. How was Thucydides like news reporters today?
(a) He was reticent about revealing his sources.
(b) He went to battle sites as a war correspondent.
(c) He studied journalism at the university.
(d) He had a column in the Athenian newspaper.

12. Why are the Peloponnesian triremes better equipped?
(a) They carry flamethrowing catapults.
(b) They are made of teak wood imported from Africa.
(c) Their prows are stronger and their rams reinforced.
(d) They are carrying missle launching equipment.

13. At first, what action by Athens signifies a lack of understanding of the defeat at Syracuse?
(a) They raise taxes and duties for military spending.
(b) They launch an attack on Sparta.
(c) They vote to build more ships and press forward with the war.
(d) They believe their allies will not desert them.

14. What is the net result of Gylippus' demand for more and better triremes?
(a) More of the fighting takes place on the sea.
(b) The ships do not perform as expected.
(c) A disastrous defeat of the Athenian fleet
(d) It bankrupts the country.

15. What charismatic individual rises to prominence in 420 BC?
(a) Pericles
(b) Nicias
(c) Socrates
(d) Alcibiades

Short Answer Questions

1. What happens in the second battle at Syracuse?

2. What does Athens do in Scione?

3. What s Sparta's excuse to resume major hostilities against Athens?

4. What area remains as the seat of power after the defeat at Syracuse?

5. Why does Thucydides create his own chronology for his history?

(see the answer keys)

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