History of the Peloponnesian War Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Why are the Peloponnesian triremes better equipped?
(a) They carry flamethrowing catapults.
(b) They are carrying missle launching equipment.
(c) They are made of teak wood imported from Africa.
(d) Their prows are stronger and their rams reinforced.

2. How does a lunar eclipse enter into the Athenian plans to withdraw?
(a) It gives the Athenians a chance to withdraw in darkness.
(b) It terrifies the Syracusans and causes them to withdraw.
(c) It iss viewed as an omen and the Athenians wait too long to depart.
(d) It gives the Syracusans a chance to attack in darkness.

3. How does Thucydides write about important speeches and rhetoric during his time?
(a) He asserts a knowledge about the thoughts of individuals at key moments within the history.
(b) He interviews important principal characters in the political area of his day.
(c) He has a good imagination for what is being thought and said.
(d) As a scribe, he is actually present for most of the important speeches and negotiations.

4. Why does Thucydides suddenly include more information on Peloponnesian events?
(a) Thucydides' exile somehow gains him greater access to Peloponnesian sources.
(b) He finds a Peloponnesian collabarator.
(c) He goes to Pylos and stays there for a long time.
(d) He is able to travel to Sparta under the protection of an envoy.

5. Who arrives in Sicily and changes the course of the conflict with Athens?
(a) Brasias
(b) Gylippus
(c) Agamemnon
(d) Myron

6. What is the significance of Thucydides' inclusion of the story of Aristogiton and Harmodius?
(a) It is a strange inclusion of Greek superstition.
(b) It has nothing to do with either Athens or Sparta.
(c) It is an important event that is glossed over lightly.
(d) It is a nearly unique authorial digression from the history of the war itself.

7. What does Thucydides think of Athenian actions in Scione?
(a) To him, it is a necessary result of a difficult conflict.
(b) He makes no mention of the Athenian actions.
(c) He approves of the severe measures taken by Athens.
(d) To him. it is an example of the degenerative influence of warfare upon civilization.

8. In 422 BC, what is the financial condition of Athens?
(a) The Athenian treasury is being supplied only from conquered territories.
(b) Athenian wealth has grown far beyond what the Spartans had.
(c) Athens is bankrupt and has to forego paying its soldiers.
(d) The treasury has been largely expended and private subscriptions and extra taxes have been utilized for military expansion.

9. How does Gylippus counteract the Athenian siege?
(a) By using Nicias' hit and run tactics.
(b) By setting fire to the countryside.
(c) By launching a counter-siege.
(d) By retreating swiftly.

10. What does Thucydides say about the new Peloponnesian triremes?
(a) They are the largest ships ever built up to that time.
(b) They use less manpower to operate.
(c) They are lighter and can move faster in the water.
(d) These triremes possess a reinforced prow with strengthened rams.

11. What further mischief does a former Athenian general create in 412 BC?
(a) Cleon turns traitor and gives state secrets to Sparta.
(b) Alcibiades attempts to subvert an Athenian army in the field at Samos.
(c) Demosthenes attempts to establish an oligarchy with himself at its head.
(d) Nicias leads a revolt of the Athenian army.

12. What is the resulting military action after the revolt of Chios?
(a) A surprise attack on Athens by Sparta and Syracuse
(b) A larger revolt involving more of the Delian League allies
(c) The arrival of a Persian fleet in the Aegean Sea
(d) A combined Athenian and Argive force achieves a victory at Miletus but then retires as a larger Peloponnesian relief force approaches.

13. What transpires in Syracuse in 414 BC?
(a) Envoys pass between Athens and Sicily.
(b) Large financial resources reach Syracuse.
(c) Athens leaves Syracuse when Gylippus arrives.
(d) Gylippus arrives in Syracuse and saves the city from defeat.

14. What s Sparta's excuse to resume major hostilities against Athens?
(a) Athens refuses to receive Spartan envoys.
(b) Athens has allied with Argos against the Spartans.
(c) Alcibiades informs Sparta that Athens is out of money.
(d) The continue raids in Lycos.

15. Where are most of the skirmishes fought in 411 BC?
(a) The Hellespont
(b) In Crete
(c) In Miletus
(d) At Lycros

Short Answer Questions

1. What removes Syracuse, Sicily, and Italy from the text of Thucydides' history?

2. What is the response to Nicias' communique during the winter of 414 BC?

3. How do the Athenians respond to the many defeats suffered in 414 BC?

4. What charismatic individual rises to prominence in 420 BC?

5. What is the first step in the unraveling of the Athenian force?

(see the answer keys)

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