History of the Peloponnesian War Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Why are the Peloponnesian triremes better equipped?
(a) They are carrying missle launching equipment.
(b) They are made of teak wood imported from Africa.
(c) Their prows are stronger and their rams reinforced.
(d) They carry flamethrowing catapults.

2. What is the relationship of Melos to Athens during the period of the peace of Nicias?
(a) Melos accedes to all Athanian demands and comes under the Athenian umbrella.
(b) Melos seeks to evade entanglement in the Delian League.
(c) Melos then engages Athens in political rhetoric and refuses to yield to Athenian demands.
(d) Melos sends envoys to both Athens and Sparta.

3. What unexplainable surprising event takes place with the patriotic Athenian army?
(a) Civil war breaks out within the city of Athens led by Nicias.
(b) The patriotic Athenian army makes a pact with Sparta.
(c) The patriotic Athenian army faction on Samos recalls Alcibiades and elects him general.
(d) The army disbands leaving Athens open to attack.

4. Why does the Athenian attack on Messana fail?
(a) The Spartans arrive before Athens.
(b) Bad weather sinks many Athenian ships.
(c) An earthquake stops the invasion.
(d) A betrayal by Alcibiades

5. Who incites the revolt of Chios?
(a) Alcibiades
(b) Brasias
(c) Tissaphernes
(d) Demosthenes

6. What innovation does Gylippus utilize in the second battle at Syracuse?
(a) Explosives
(b) Catapults
(c) Battering rams
(d) Cavalry

7. What happens to the Athenian attack on Amphipolis?
(a) The Athenians are surprised by ambush.
(b) Sparta is there waiting for the Athenians.
(c) It fails.
(d) The Athenians easily win.

8. What happens in the second battle at Syracuse?
(a) Gylippus leads his troops to victory.
(b) Nicias finally takes aggressive action.
(c) Cleon comes and takes command of the Athenians.
(d) Alcibiades arrives with reinforcements.

9. After the demise of Athenian democracy, what political force gains control?
(a) Alcibiades returns and takes control of the government.
(b) A group of pro-Spartan sympathizers
(c) The transient new government, referred to as the Four Hundred, rules by force.
(d) The Helots rise to power.

10. What area remains as the seat of power after the defeat at Syracuse?
(a) Athens and the Delian League.
(b) Samos, Chios, and Sardis.
(c) Persia and Corinth.
(d) The Attica-Euboea-Boeotia-Peloponnesus Theater

11. What is the resulting military action after the revolt of Chios?
(a) A surprise attack on Athens by Sparta and Syracuse
(b) A combined Athenian and Argive force achieves a victory at Miletus but then retires as a larger Peloponnesian relief force approaches.
(c) The arrival of a Persian fleet in the Aegean Sea
(d) A larger revolt involving more of the Delian League allies

12. What unusual plan does Syracuse put into operation against Athens?
(a) Syracuse sends sick civilians into the Athenian ranks to spread disease.
(b) Syracusans lead land attacks.
(c) Syracusans put out a rumor that the city has the plague.
(d) Syracusans build a fleet and attack the Athenian navy.

13. Who negotiates with both sides--Sparta and Athens--after the defeat at Syracuse?
(a) Alcibiades
(b) Sicily's ambassadors
(c) Tissaphernes, the Persian satrap
(d) Demosthenes

14. What military involvement in 416 BC is hotly argued in Athens?
(a) Sending hoplites to guard the borders of Attica
(b) Mounting an invasion of Italy
(c) Sending a fleet again to Sicily
(d) Conscripting Helots to fight the Spartans

15. What indicates Athens' former military superiority as late as 412 BC?
(a) Sparta is still unable to get beyond Attica.
(b) Small nations still look to Sthens for protection.
(c) Persia still considers Athens as a threat.
(d) Athens still has a significant military force .

Short Answer Questions

1. How do the Athenians respond to the many defeats suffered in 414 BC?

2. How does Gylippus counteract the Athenian siege?

3. What is the historic view of the years from 421 to 413 BC?

4. What are the Athenians doing in Italy at about the same time?

5. What is the first step in the unraveling of the Athenian force?

(see the answer keys)

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