History of the Peloponnesian War Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What is the final year in Thucydides' history?
(a) 412 BC
(b) 399 BC
(c) 411 BC
(d) 404 BC

2. How are the triremes used in naval combat?
(a) The move in quickly and are able to board the enemy ship.
(b) They aim for the enemy ship and ram it.
(c) They are outfitted with dart throwing devices.
(d) They come alongside another trireme and break its oars.

3. What is happening to the once invincible hoplite phalanx?
(a) It is failing because it had been overused.
(b) It is no longer being used by the Athenians.
(c) It is becoming too expensive to mount.
(d) It is becoming ineffective against new weapons and tactics.

4. What is the political position of Argos from 418 through 416 BC?
(a) Vascilation between Athens and Sparta
(b) Consistently pro-Athens
(c) Maintained neutrality
(d) Consistently pro Spart

5. How many battles are fought between Athens and Syracuse?
(a) One
(b) Two
(c) Three
(d) Four

6. What removes Syracuse, Sicily, and Italy from the text of Thucydides' history?
(a) Athens' ultimate defeat of Syracuse
(b) The eruption of Mt. Aetna
(c) The defeat and rout of the Athenians
(d) Sparta turing its attention on Thrace

7. What is the net result of Gylippus' demand for more and better triremes?
(a) It bankrupts the country.
(b) The ships do not perform as expected.
(c) More of the fighting takes place on the sea.
(d) A disastrous defeat of the Athenian fleet

8. How does Thucydides picture certain charismatic generals during the years of the Peloponnesian War?
(a) Of little significance to the outcome of the war
(b) Men who have great personalities but little war experience.
(c) A lot of talk and no action
(d) Able single-handedly to turn the fortunes of the people they serve.

9. What claim does Alcibiades make when the Phoenician navy remains neutral in the Aegean?
(a) He claims that rumors of Phoenician ships in the area are false intelligence.
(b) He claims it is his personal influence with the Phoenicians.
(c) He claims that he enlists the Spartan fleet to battle the Phoenicians.
(d) He claims that the Phoenicians are little better than pirates.

10. Who negotiates with both sides--Sparta and Athens--after the defeat at Syracuse?
(a) Demosthenes
(b) Sicily's ambassadors
(c) Tissaphernes, the Persian satrap
(d) Alcibiades

11. Why is Alcibiades not brought to trial immediately after the vandalism for which he is blamed?
(a) The statute of limitations runs out.
(b) The fleet leaves and he goes with it.
(c) The government is slow to collect evidence.
(d) Many people do not believe he has anything to do with it.

12. What military plan is put into effect in response to Nicias' request?
(a) Demosthenes prepares to lead a fleet to Sicily while another Athenian fleet raids along the Peloponnesus.
(b) Demosthenes declines to get involved in the war.
(c) Demosthenes commands a large group of hoplites who are taken to Syracuse by ship.
(d) Demosthenes becomes the first casualty of the naval war.

13. What serious setback happens to Athens in 413 BC?
(a) All of Athens' allies desert to Sparta.
(b) The plague returns, wiping out two thirds of the Athenian military.
(c) There is an earthquake that destroys the walls around Athens.
(d) The Athenian fleet is decisively destroyed in Sicily during the winter of 413 BC.

14. What does Sparta do in 414 BC?
(a) Twice invades Argos.
(b) Sends new peace envoys to Athens.
(c) Gives command of their armies to Alcibiades.
(d) Makes an alliance with Argos.

15. What happens to the Athenian attack on Amphipolis?
(a) It fails.
(b) The Athenians easily win.
(c) The Athenians are surprised by ambush.
(d) Sparta is there waiting for the Athenians.

Short Answer Questions

1. How was Thucydides like news reporters today?

2. What transpires in Syracuse in 414 BC?

3. What desecration of religious idols is charged to Alcibiades?

4. What indicates Athens' former military superiority as late as 412 BC?

5. How did Thucydides see the period of 422 to 421 BC?

(see the answer keys)

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