History of the Peloponnesian War Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Where are most of the skirmishes fought in 411 BC?
(a) In Crete
(b) At Lycros
(c) In Miletus
(d) The Hellespont

2. What s Sparta's excuse to resume major hostilities against Athens?
(a) The continue raids in Lycos.
(b) Alcibiades informs Sparta that Athens is out of money.
(c) Athens has allied with Argos against the Spartans.
(d) Athens refuses to receive Spartan envoys.

3. Why does Thucydides create his own chronology for his history?
(a) He wants to exert influence over the Grecian calendar.
(b) There is a unified calendar of which he does not approve.
(c) He clearly intends it for a wider readership than just the Athenians.
(d) He is not sure of exact dates during the war.

4. What is the significance of Thucydides' inclusion of the story of Aristogiton and Harmodius?
(a) It is an important event that is glossed over lightly.
(b) It is a strange inclusion of Greek superstition.
(c) It is a nearly unique authorial digression from the history of the war itself.
(d) It has nothing to do with either Athens or Sparta.

5. What does Athens do in Scione?
(a) Prepares for a long winter
(b) Gains another ally
(c) Executes the men and enslaves the women and children
(d) Establishes a new military base of operations

6. What military plan is put into effect in response to Nicias' request?
(a) Demosthenes prepares to lead a fleet to Sicily while another Athenian fleet raids along the Peloponnesus.
(b) Demosthenes declines to get involved in the war.
(c) Demosthenes becomes the first casualty of the naval war.
(d) Demosthenes commands a large group of hoplites who are taken to Syracuse by ship.

7. How is Argos able to withstand the Spartans?
(a) There is intervention and the Spartans have to retreat.
(b) They have impenetrable walls.
(c) Argos has new military weaponry.
(d) They ally with Athens who fights with them.

8. What ultimatum does Athens give to Melos?
(a) Build triemes for Athens or face an embargo
(b) Surrender supporters of Sparta or face the consequences
(c) Join the Delian League or remain neutral
(d) Pay tribute or be wholly destroyed

9. How do the Athenians respond to the many defeats suffered in 414 BC?
(a) They recall Demosthenes and put him on trial.
(b) They continue to pour their resources and personnel into the Syracusan conflict.
(c) They order the Athenian navy to return to Athens.
(d) They refuse to believe that it is as bad as reported.

10. What is the historic view of the years from 421 to 413 BC?
(a) The years through 413 BC are marked by a generally less intense conflict where Athens and Sparta fight against each other in distant theaters
(b) It is regarded as the real end of the Peloponnesian War.
(c) Most of the attacks against either side are done by allies of the two armies.
(d) The bloodiest era of the Peloponnesian War occurs during this time.

11. Why is Book 5 of the History of the Peloponnesian War such a short book?
(a) There are fewer conflicts spread out over a number of years.
(b) There is only one battle during that time.
(c) Much of the history during that time is lost.
(d) Thucydides has to leave Athens in a hurry.

12. What removes Syracuse, Sicily, and Italy from the text of Thucydides' history?
(a) Athens' ultimate defeat of Syracuse
(b) The defeat and rout of the Athenians
(c) Sparta turing its attention on Thrace
(d) The eruption of Mt. Aetna

13. Who arrives in Sicily and changes the course of the conflict with Athens?
(a) Agamemnon
(b) Gylippus
(c) Brasias
(d) Myron

14. Why is Alcibiades not brought to trial immediately after the vandalism for which he is blamed?
(a) The government is slow to collect evidence.
(b) The fleet leaves and he goes with it.
(c) The statute of limitations runs out.
(d) Many people do not believe he has anything to do with it.

15. After the demise of Athenian democracy, what political force gains control?
(a) A group of pro-Spartan sympathizers
(b) Alcibiades returns and takes control of the government.
(c) The Helots rise to power.
(d) The transient new government, referred to as the Four Hundred, rules by force.

Short Answer Questions

1. What area remains as the seat of power after the defeat at Syracuse?

2. What is happening to the once invincible hoplite phalanx?

3. Why are the Peloponnesian triremes better equipped?

4. Where is Thucydides writing his History of the Peloponnesian War?

5. What is the resulting military action after the revolt of Chios?

(see the answer keys)

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