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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. After the demise of Athenian democracy, what political force gains control?
(a) The Helots rise to power.
(b) A group of pro-Spartan sympathizers
(c) Alcibiades returns and takes control of the government.
(d) The transient new government, referred to as the Four Hundred, rules by force.
2. Why is Book 5 of the History of the Peloponnesian War such a short book?
(a) There is only one battle during that time.
(b) Thucydides has to leave Athens in a hurry.
(c) Much of the history during that time is lost.
(d) There are fewer conflicts spread out over a number of years.
3. What is the historic view of the years from 421 to 413 BC?
(a) The years through 413 BC are marked by a generally less intense conflict where Athens and Sparta fight against each other in distant theaters
(b) The bloodiest era of the Peloponnesian War occurs during this time.
(c) Most of the attacks against either side are done by allies of the two armies.
(d) It is regarded as the real end of the Peloponnesian War.
4. How does Thucydides write about important speeches and rhetoric during his time?
(a) He has a good imagination for what is being thought and said.
(b) As a scribe, he is actually present for most of the important speeches and negotiations.
(c) He interviews important principal characters in the political area of his day.
(d) He asserts a knowledge about the thoughts of individuals at key moments within the history.
5. What removes Syracuse, Sicily, and Italy from the text of Thucydides' history?
(a) Athens' ultimate defeat of Syracuse
(b) The defeat and rout of the Athenians
(c) Sparta turing its attention on Thrace
(d) The eruption of Mt. Aetna
6. What major battle occurs in the winter of 415 BC?
(a) Athens versus Syracuse
(b) Sicily versus Macedonia
(c) Thrace versus Thebes
(d) Sparta versus Italy
7. What military plan is put into effect in response to Nicias' request?
(a) Demosthenes commands a large group of hoplites who are taken to Syracuse by ship.
(b) Demosthenes becomes the first casualty of the naval war.
(c) Demosthenes prepares to lead a fleet to Sicily while another Athenian fleet raids along the Peloponnesus.
(d) Demosthenes declines to get involved in the war.
8. What happens in 411 BC to the Athenian democracy after the defeat at Syracuse?
(a) Martial law is declared to restore order and democracy.
(b) All the leaders resign in helplessness.
(c) The democracy splits into three separate factions.
(d) Athenian democracy collapses under the pressure of assassinations and military defeat.
9. What serious setback happens to Athens in 413 BC?
(a) All of Athens' allies desert to Sparta.
(b) There is an earthquake that destroys the walls around Athens.
(c) The Athenian fleet is decisively destroyed in Sicily during the winter of 413 BC.
(d) The plague returns, wiping out two thirds of the Athenian military.
10. How does Gylippus counteract the Athenian siege?
(a) By using Nicias' hit and run tactics.
(b) By launching a counter-siege.
(c) By setting fire to the countryside.
(d) By retreating swiftly.
11. How does a lunar eclipse enter into the Athenian plans to withdraw?
(a) It iss viewed as an omen and the Athenians wait too long to depart.
(b) It gives the Athenians a chance to withdraw in darkness.
(c) It gives the Syracusans a chance to attack in darkness.
(d) It terrifies the Syracusans and causes them to withdraw.
12. How did Thucydides see the period of 422 to 421 BC?
(a) Part of a continuous military struggle with a lull included.
(b) A time when no military operations are launched.
(c) An era of more guerilla warfare
(d) A period of rearmament for both sides
13. How many battles are fought between Athens and Syracuse?
14. Who negotiates with both sides--Sparta and Athens--after the defeat at Syracuse?
(b) Tissaphernes, the Persian satrap
(d) Sicily's ambassadors
15. Who arrives in Sicily and changes the course of the conflict with Athens?
Short Answer Questions
1. How does Thucydides picture certain charismatic generals during the years of the Peloponnesian War?
2. What desecration of religious idols is charged to Alcibiades?
3. From a more historical point of view, how does the peace of Nicias seem to scholars?
4. What happens among pro-Athens allies at that time?
5. How do scholars generally explain the contradictions in Thucydides' text?
This section contains 853 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)