History of the Peloponnesian War Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Where is Thucydides writing his History of the Peloponnesian War?
(a) Underground Athens
(b) In exile
(c) In the Library of Alexandria
(d) In Sparta

2. What does Thucydides think of Athenian actions in Scione?
(a) He approves of the severe measures taken by Athens.
(b) To him. it is an example of the degenerative influence of warfare upon civilization.
(c) To him, it is a necessary result of a difficult conflict.
(d) He makes no mention of the Athenian actions.

3. Who negotiates with both sides--Sparta and Athens--after the defeat at Syracuse?
(a) Sicily's ambassadors
(b) Alcibiades
(c) Tissaphernes, the Persian satrap
(d) Demosthenes

4. What are the results of Corinth's being alarmed during 421 BC?
(a) Athens and Sparta agree to attack Corinth from both sides.
(b) Several spies are caught checking out their defenses.
(c) Corinth, in particular, is alarmed as are numerous other cities and a series of alliances began to develop.
(d) Its borders are too exposed on all sides.

5. How many battles are fought between Athens and Syracuse?
(a) Three
(b) Two
(c) Four
(d) One

6. Who is instrumental in getting Sparta to join Syracuse against Athens?
(a) Pericles
(b) Alcibiades
(c) Cleon
(d) Brasias

7. What is the relationship of Melos to Athens during the period of the peace of Nicias?
(a) Melos then engages Athens in political rhetoric and refuses to yield to Athenian demands.
(b) Melos seeks to evade entanglement in the Delian League.
(c) Melos accedes to all Athanian demands and comes under the Athenian umbrella.
(d) Melos sends envoys to both Athens and Sparta.

8. How is Argos able to withstand the Spartans?
(a) There is intervention and the Spartans have to retreat.
(b) They have impenetrable walls.
(c) They ally with Athens who fights with them.
(d) Argos has new military weaponry.

9. What makes it plausible that Thucydides begins his history from first-hand knowledge?
(a) His father is Athenian and his mother is from Sparta.
(b) He is a financier who has connections in high places.
(c) He is a wealthy Athenian and general in the early days of the war.
(d) He is associated with the highest levels of diplomacy in the early days.

10. What are the Athenians doing in Italy at about the same time?
(a) Calling an international conference
(b) Taking a break from the war
(c) Preparing to invade Syracuse
(d) Regrouping to attack Peloponnesus

11. What major battle occurs in the winter of 415 BC?
(a) Sparta versus Italy
(b) Athens versus Syracuse
(c) Thrace versus Thebes
(d) Sicily versus Macedonia

12. After the demise of Athenian democracy, what political force gains control?
(a) Alcibiades returns and takes control of the government.
(b) The transient new government, referred to as the Four Hundred, rules by force.
(c) The Helots rise to power.
(d) A group of pro-Spartan sympathizers

13. What is the resulting military action after the revolt of Chios?
(a) A larger revolt involving more of the Delian League allies
(b) The arrival of a Persian fleet in the Aegean Sea
(c) A surprise attack on Athens by Sparta and Syracuse
(d) A combined Athenian and Argive force achieves a victory at Miletus but then retires as a larger Peloponnesian relief force approaches.

14. What is the contradiction of Tissapherne's interaction with Sparta?
(a) He never intends to keep his promises to Peloponesus.
(b) Even as he declares an alliance with Sparta, he begins to cut material contributions to the Peloponnesians.
(c) He makes an alliance with Sparta but also makes a secret alliance with Syracuse.
(d) After making an alliance with Sparta, he continues negotiating with Athens.

15. As Spartan power grows, what happens in the Delian League?
(a) Revolution begins to foment throughout the Athenian empire.
(b) Manpower becomes a serious problem when they cannot pay.
(c) Old alliances are hasitly renewed.
(d) There is a change in political power within Athens.

Short Answer Questions

1. What unexplainable surprising event takes place with the patriotic Athenian army?

2. How does Thucydides write about important speeches and rhetoric during his time?

3. During the winter of 421 BC, what happens with the Boeotians?

4. What happens among pro-Athens allies at that time?

5. What is the significance of Thucydides' inclusion of the story of Aristogiton and Harmodius?

(see the answer keys)

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