History of the Peloponnesian War Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What unusual plan does Syracuse put into operation against Athens?
(a) Syracusans build a fleet and attack the Athenian navy.
(b) Syracuse sends sick civilians into the Athenian ranks to spread disease.
(c) Syracusans lead land attacks.
(d) Syracusans put out a rumor that the city has the plague.

2. When Alcibiades is eventually recalled for blasphemy, what does he do?
(a) He flees to Sparta.
(b) He tears up the summons.
(c) He hires Socrates to defend him.
(d) He goes to Alexandria.

3. What serious setback happens to Athens in 413 BC?
(a) All of Athens' allies desert to Sparta.
(b) There is an earthquake that destroys the walls around Athens.
(c) The Athenian fleet is decisively destroyed in Sicily during the winter of 413 BC.
(d) The plague returns, wiping out two thirds of the Athenian military.

4. What is the first step in the unraveling of the Athenian force?
(a) Money is playing out in Athens.
(b) There starts to be a lot of defections.
(c) The Spartan presence in fortified Decelea causes difficulty in Athens, and Sparta sends reinforcements to Syracuse.
(d) The raids on Peloponnesus become ineffective.

5. What happens in the second battle at Syracuse?
(a) Cleon comes and takes command of the Athenians.
(b) Nicias finally takes aggressive action.
(c) Gylippus leads his troops to victory.
(d) Alcibiades arrives with reinforcements.

6. What is the relationship of Melos to Athens during the period of the peace of Nicias?
(a) Melos seeks to evade entanglement in the Delian League.
(b) Melos sends envoys to both Athens and Sparta.
(c) Melos accedes to all Athanian demands and comes under the Athenian umbrella.
(d) Melos then engages Athens in political rhetoric and refuses to yield to Athenian demands.

7. What success does Cleon have during the time of Book 5?
(a) Cleon negotiates a cease fire with Crete.
(b) Cleon is elected to lead the country for life.
(c) Cleon leads an Athenian expedition to Thrace where he recaptures some areas formerly subjugated by Sparta.
(d) Cleon succeeds in reguilding the Athenian war machine.

8. Where are most of the skirmishes fought in 411 BC?
(a) In Miletus
(b) The Hellespont
(c) At Lycros
(d) In Crete

9. What innovation does Gylippus utilize in the second battle at Syracuse?
(a) Explosives
(b) Battering rams
(c) Cavalry
(d) Catapults

10. What are the feelings of many Athenians leading up to the problems in Sicily?
(a) Many feel that Nicias iss unneseccarily inactive.
(b) Most feel that Athens has become invulnerable.
(c) Many Athenians feel that Sicily is a simple matter.
(d) Many feel that Cleon needs to be in Sicily.

11. Why does Thucydides suddenly include more information on Peloponnesian events?
(a) He is able to travel to Sparta under the protection of an envoy.
(b) He goes to Pylos and stays there for a long time.
(c) He finds a Peloponnesian collabarator.
(d) Thucydides' exile somehow gains him greater access to Peloponnesian sources.

12. What is the net result of Gylippus' demand for more and better triremes?
(a) The ships do not perform as expected.
(b) More of the fighting takes place on the sea.
(c) A disastrous defeat of the Athenian fleet
(d) It bankrupts the country.

13. How do the Athenians respond to the many defeats suffered in 414 BC?
(a) They continue to pour their resources and personnel into the Syracusan conflict.
(b) They recall Demosthenes and put him on trial.
(c) They refuse to believe that it is as bad as reported.
(d) They order the Athenian navy to return to Athens.

14. What is the final year in Thucydides' history?
(a) 411 BC
(b) 412 BC
(c) 404 BC
(d) 399 BC

15. How are the triremes used in naval combat?
(a) The move in quickly and are able to board the enemy ship.
(b) They aim for the enemy ship and ram it.
(c) They are outfitted with dart throwing devices.
(d) They come alongside another trireme and break its oars.

Short Answer Questions

1. What is commonly called the peace of Nicias by modern scholars?

2. What are the Athenians doing in Italy at about the same time?

3. What is the resulting military action after the revolt of Chios?

4. In 422 BC, what is the financial condition of Athens?

5. Who incites the revolt of Chios?

(see the answer keys)

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