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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Where are most of the skirmishes fought in 411 BC?
(a) At Lycros
(b) The Hellespont
(c) In Crete
(d) In Miletus
2. How did Thucydides see the period of 422 to 421 BC?
(a) An era of more guerilla warfare
(b) A time when no military operations are launched.
(c) Part of a continuous military struggle with a lull included.
(d) A period of rearmament for both sides
3. Why does the Athenian attack on Messana fail?
(a) An earthquake stops the invasion.
(b) A betrayal by Alcibiades
(c) Bad weather sinks many Athenian ships.
(d) The Spartans arrive before Athens.
4. What serious setback happens to Athens in 413 BC?
(a) There is an earthquake that destroys the walls around Athens.
(b) The Athenian fleet is decisively destroyed in Sicily during the winter of 413 BC.
(c) All of Athens' allies desert to Sparta.
(d) The plague returns, wiping out two thirds of the Athenian military.
5. What further mischief does a former Athenian general create in 412 BC?
(a) Demosthenes attempts to establish an oligarchy with himself at its head.
(b) Nicias leads a revolt of the Athenian army.
(c) Cleon turns traitor and gives state secrets to Sparta.
(d) Alcibiades attempts to subvert an Athenian army in the field at Samos.
6. What transpires in Syracuse in 414 BC?
(a) Athens leaves Syracuse when Gylippus arrives.
(b) Gylippus arrives in Syracuse and saves the city from defeat.
(c) Large financial resources reach Syracuse.
(d) Envoys pass between Athens and Sicily.
7. What is happening to the once invincible hoplite phalanx?
(a) It is becoming too expensive to mount.
(b) It is failing because it had been overused.
(c) It is becoming ineffective against new weapons and tactics.
(d) It is no longer being used by the Athenians.
8. Who negotiates with both sides--Sparta and Athens--after the defeat at Syracuse?
(a) Tissaphernes, the Persian satrap
(d) Sicily's ambassadors
9. What are the feelings of many Athenians leading up to the problems in Sicily?
(a) Many Athenians feel that Sicily is a simple matter.
(b) Most feel that Athens has become invulnerable.
(c) Many feel that Nicias iss unneseccarily inactive.
(d) Many feel that Cleon needs to be in Sicily.
10. What makes it plausible that Thucydides begins his history from first-hand knowledge?
(a) He is a wealthy Athenian and general in the early days of the war.
(b) His father is Athenian and his mother is from Sparta.
(c) He is associated with the highest levels of diplomacy in the early days.
(d) He is a financier who has connections in high places.
11. After the demise of Athenian democracy, what political force gains control?
(a) The transient new government, referred to as the Four Hundred, rules by force.
(b) The Helots rise to power.
(c) Alcibiades returns and takes control of the government.
(d) A group of pro-Spartan sympathizers
12. How does a lunar eclipse enter into the Athenian plans to withdraw?
(a) It iss viewed as an omen and the Athenians wait too long to depart.
(b) It gives the Syracusans a chance to attack in darkness.
(c) It gives the Athenians a chance to withdraw in darkness.
(d) It terrifies the Syracusans and causes them to withdraw.
13. Why is Book 5 of the History of the Peloponnesian War such a short book?
(a) There is only one battle during that time.
(b) Thucydides has to leave Athens in a hurry.
(c) Much of the history during that time is lost.
(d) There are fewer conflicts spread out over a number of years.
14. What major battle occurs in the winter of 415 BC?
(a) Thrace versus Thebes
(b) Athens versus Syracuse
(c) Sicily versus Macedonia
(d) Sparta versus Italy
15. What unusual plan does Syracuse put into operation against Athens?
(a) Syracusans lead land attacks.
(b) Syracuse sends sick civilians into the Athenian ranks to spread disease.
(c) Syracusans build a fleet and attack the Athenian navy.
(d) Syracusans put out a rumor that the city has the plague.
Short Answer Questions
1. How is Argos able to withstand the Spartans?
2. What military involvement in 416 BC is hotly argued in Athens?
3. What are many Syracusans advocating prior to the arrival of Gylippus?
4. What practice does Thucydides not value other than recognizing its effect on politics and the military?
5. Why is Alcibiades not brought to trial immediately after the vandalism for which he is blamed?
This section contains 770 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)