History of the Peloponnesian War Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Athens do in Scione?
(a) Prepares for a long winter
(b) Establishes a new military base of operations
(c) Executes the men and enslaves the women and children
(d) Gains another ally

2. What is the final year in Thucydides' history?
(a) 404 BC
(b) 399 BC
(c) 412 BC
(d) 411 BC

3. Why does Thucydides create his own chronology for his history?
(a) He clearly intends it for a wider readership than just the Athenians.
(b) There is a unified calendar of which he does not approve.
(c) He is not sure of exact dates during the war.
(d) He wants to exert influence over the Grecian calendar.

4. Why does the Athenian attack on Messana fail?
(a) Bad weather sinks many Athenian ships.
(b) The Spartans arrive before Athens.
(c) A betrayal by Alcibiades
(d) An earthquake stops the invasion.

5. What further mischief does a former Athenian general create in 412 BC?
(a) Alcibiades attempts to subvert an Athenian army in the field at Samos.
(b) Nicias leads a revolt of the Athenian army.
(c) Demosthenes attempts to establish an oligarchy with himself at its head.
(d) Cleon turns traitor and gives state secrets to Sparta.

6. What are many Syracusans advocating prior to the arrival of Gylippus?
(a) Calling for spartan intervention
(b) Abandoning the region
(c) A settlement with Athens
(d) Joining the Delian League

7. What does Sparta do in 414 BC?
(a) Twice invades Argos.
(b) Gives command of their armies to Alcibiades.
(c) Sends new peace envoys to Athens.
(d) Makes an alliance with Argos.

8. How does Thucydides write about important speeches and rhetoric during his time?
(a) He interviews important principal characters in the political area of his day.
(b) As a scribe, he is actually present for most of the important speeches and negotiations.
(c) He has a good imagination for what is being thought and said.
(d) He asserts a knowledge about the thoughts of individuals at key moments within the history.

9. What removes Syracuse, Sicily, and Italy from the text of Thucydides' history?
(a) Athens' ultimate defeat of Syracuse
(b) The defeat and rout of the Athenians
(c) Sparta turing its attention on Thrace
(d) The eruption of Mt. Aetna

10. What are the Athenians doing in Italy at about the same time?
(a) Regrouping to attack Peloponnesus
(b) Preparing to invade Syracuse
(c) Taking a break from the war
(d) Calling an international conference

11. Why is Alcibiades not brought to trial immediately after the vandalism for which he is blamed?
(a) The statute of limitations runs out.
(b) The fleet leaves and he goes with it.
(c) Many people do not believe he has anything to do with it.
(d) The government is slow to collect evidence.

12. What happens among pro-Athens allies at that time?
(a) Various pro-Athenian cities consider abandoning democracy for oligarchy.
(b) They fight to reinforce their own democracies.
(c) They form a new league excluding Athens.
(d) The abandon Athens and seek alliance with Persia.

13. What does Thucydides say about the new Peloponnesian triremes?
(a) They are the largest ships ever built up to that time.
(b) They use less manpower to operate.
(c) They are lighter and can move faster in the water.
(d) These triremes possess a reinforced prow with strengthened rams.

14. In 422 BC, what is the financial condition of Athens?
(a) Athens is bankrupt and has to forego paying its soldiers.
(b) The Athenian treasury is being supplied only from conquered territories.
(c) Athenian wealth has grown far beyond what the Spartans had.
(d) The treasury has been largely expended and private subscriptions and extra taxes have been utilized for military expansion.

15. How do scholars from other disciplines consider the value of Thucydides' work?
(a) It provides enough corollary materials that is has been the subject of scrutiny across a diverse field of studies.
(b) Social analysts cannot get a picture of the development of democratic institutions.
(c) The strange chronology makes it useless for other fields of study.
(d) Its' politics are not consistent with other writers' interpretations.

Short Answer Questions

1. What desecration of religious idols is charged to Alcibiades?

2. How was Thucydides like news reporters today?

3. What is the resulting military action after the revolt of Chios?

4. How is Argos able to withstand the Spartans?

5. What happens in Attica during the time of the battle at Amphipolis?

(see the answer keys)

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