History of the Peloponnesian War Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What claim does Alcibiades make when the Phoenician navy remains neutral in the Aegean?
(a) He claims that the Phoenicians are little better than pirates.
(b) He claims that he enlists the Spartan fleet to battle the Phoenicians.
(c) He claims it is his personal influence with the Phoenicians.
(d) He claims that rumors of Phoenician ships in the area are false intelligence.

2. Who are the main antagonists over the military strategy in 416 BC?
(a) Nician and Alcibiades
(b) Brasias and Pericles
(c) Thucydides and Cleon
(d) Alexander and Phillip

3. How does a lunar eclipse enter into the Athenian plans to withdraw?
(a) It iss viewed as an omen and the Athenians wait too long to depart.
(b) It terrifies the Syracusans and causes them to withdraw.
(c) It gives the Athenians a chance to withdraw in darkness.
(d) It gives the Syracusans a chance to attack in darkness.

4. What desecration of religious idols is charged to Alcibiades?
(a) The stoning of the Oracle at Delphi
(b) The vandalism of the Hermae of Athens
(c) Setting fire to the temple of Apollo
(d) Knocking over the statues of Athena

5. What military involvement in 416 BC is hotly argued in Athens?
(a) Sending hoplites to guard the borders of Attica
(b) Conscripting Helots to fight the Spartans
(c) Mounting an invasion of Italy
(d) Sending a fleet again to Sicily

6. What does Thucydides think of Athenian actions in Scione?
(a) To him. it is an example of the degenerative influence of warfare upon civilization.
(b) He approves of the severe measures taken by Athens.
(c) He makes no mention of the Athenian actions.
(d) To him, it is a necessary result of a difficult conflict.

7. What happens to the Athenian attack on Amphipolis?
(a) Sparta is there waiting for the Athenians.
(b) The Athenians easily win.
(c) It fails.
(d) The Athenians are surprised by ambush.

8. What is the first step in the unraveling of the Athenian force?
(a) The raids on Peloponnesus become ineffective.
(b) The Spartan presence in fortified Decelea causes difficulty in Athens, and Sparta sends reinforcements to Syracuse.
(c) There starts to be a lot of defections.
(d) Money is playing out in Athens.

9. What ultimatum does Athens give to Melos?
(a) Build triemes for Athens or face an embargo
(b) Pay tribute or be wholly destroyed
(c) Surrender supporters of Sparta or face the consequences
(d) Join the Delian League or remain neutral

10. What is the historic view of the years from 421 to 413 BC?
(a) Most of the attacks against either side are done by allies of the two armies.
(b) The bloodiest era of the Peloponnesian War occurs during this time.
(c) It is regarded as the real end of the Peloponnesian War.
(d) The years through 413 BC are marked by a generally less intense conflict where Athens and Sparta fight against each other in distant theaters

11. What happens among pro-Athens allies at that time?
(a) They form a new league excluding Athens.
(b) Various pro-Athenian cities consider abandoning democracy for oligarchy.
(c) They fight to reinforce their own democracies.
(d) The abandon Athens and seek alliance with Persia.

12. What s Sparta's excuse to resume major hostilities against Athens?
(a) Athens has allied with Argos against the Spartans.
(b) The continue raids in Lycos.
(c) Alcibiades informs Sparta that Athens is out of money.
(d) Athens refuses to receive Spartan envoys.

13. What innovation does Gylippus utilize in the second battle at Syracuse?
(a) Explosives
(b) Battering rams
(c) Cavalry
(d) Catapults

14. What is the significance of Thucydides' inclusion of the story of Aristogiton and Harmodius?
(a) It is a nearly unique authorial digression from the history of the war itself.
(b) It is an important event that is glossed over lightly.
(c) It has nothing to do with either Athens or Sparta.
(d) It is a strange inclusion of Greek superstition.

15. Why is Alcibiades not brought to trial immediately after the vandalism for which he is blamed?
(a) The statute of limitations runs out.
(b) Many people do not believe he has anything to do with it.
(c) The fleet leaves and he goes with it.
(d) The government is slow to collect evidence.

Short Answer Questions

1. How do scholars from other disciplines consider the value of Thucydides' work?

2. What does Sparta do in 414 BC?

3. What removes Syracuse, Sicily, and Italy from the text of Thucydides' history?

4. How are the triremes used in naval combat?

5. Why does Thucydides create his own chronology for his history?

(see the answer keys)

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