History of the Peloponnesian War Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What further mischief does a former Athenian general create in 412 BC?
(a) Alcibiades attempts to subvert an Athenian army in the field at Samos.
(b) Demosthenes attempts to establish an oligarchy with himself at its head.
(c) Nicias leads a revolt of the Athenian army.
(d) Cleon turns traitor and gives state secrets to Sparta.

2. What is the political position of Argos from 418 through 416 BC?
(a) Consistently pro Spart
(b) Maintained neutrality
(c) Consistently pro-Athens
(d) Vascilation between Athens and Sparta

3. What are the Athenians doing in Italy at about the same time?
(a) Taking a break from the war
(b) Calling an international conference
(c) Preparing to invade Syracuse
(d) Regrouping to attack Peloponnesus

4. What are many Syracusans advocating prior to the arrival of Gylippus?
(a) Abandoning the region
(b) Calling for spartan intervention
(c) Joining the Delian League
(d) A settlement with Athens

5. Who negotiates with both sides--Sparta and Athens--after the defeat at Syracuse?
(a) Alcibiades
(b) Tissaphernes, the Persian satrap
(c) Demosthenes
(d) Sicily's ambassadors

6. What transpires in Syracuse in 414 BC?
(a) Gylippus arrives in Syracuse and saves the city from defeat.
(b) Athens leaves Syracuse when Gylippus arrives.
(c) Large financial resources reach Syracuse.
(d) Envoys pass between Athens and Sicily.

7. What is Alcibiades able to do in the Peloponnesus?
(a) Form a successful naval blockade
(b) Surround Sparta
(c) Create an Athenian-dominated, anti-Spartan alliance.
(d) Establish new strongholds

8. How is Argos able to withstand the Spartans?
(a) They have impenetrable walls.
(b) They ally with Athens who fights with them.
(c) Argos has new military weaponry.
(d) There is intervention and the Spartans have to retreat.

9. What is the contradiction of Tissapherne's interaction with Sparta?
(a) Even as he declares an alliance with Sparta, he begins to cut material contributions to the Peloponnesians.
(b) After making an alliance with Sparta, he continues negotiating with Athens.
(c) He makes an alliance with Sparta but also makes a secret alliance with Syracuse.
(d) He never intends to keep his promises to Peloponesus.

10. What unusual plan does Syracuse put into operation against Athens?
(a) Syracusans lead land attacks.
(b) Syracusans build a fleet and attack the Athenian navy.
(c) Syracusans put out a rumor that the city has the plague.
(d) Syracuse sends sick civilians into the Athenian ranks to spread disease.

11. What does Thucydides say about the new Peloponnesian triremes?
(a) They use less manpower to operate.
(b) They are the largest ships ever built up to that time.
(c) These triremes possess a reinforced prow with strengthened rams.
(d) They are lighter and can move faster in the water.

12. During the winter of 421 BC, what happens with the Boeotians?
(a) They capitulate to Sparta and avoid a massacre.
(b) They begin arming for an offensive in the spring.
(c) They are once again defeated by Athens.
(d) They refuse an alliance with Sparta and make new ones of their own.

13. What happens in the second battle at Syracuse?
(a) Nicias finally takes aggressive action.
(b) Cleon comes and takes command of the Athenians.
(c) Alcibiades arrives with reinforcements.
(d) Gylippus leads his troops to victory.

14. In 422 BC, what is the financial condition of Athens?
(a) The Athenian treasury is being supplied only from conquered territories.
(b) Athens is bankrupt and has to forego paying its soldiers.
(c) The treasury has been largely expended and private subscriptions and extra taxes have been utilized for military expansion.
(d) Athenian wealth has grown far beyond what the Spartans had.

15. What s Sparta's excuse to resume major hostilities against Athens?
(a) Alcibiades informs Sparta that Athens is out of money.
(b) Athens has allied with Argos against the Spartans.
(c) The continue raids in Lycos.
(d) Athens refuses to receive Spartan envoys.

Short Answer Questions

1. Why are the Peloponnesian triremes better equipped?

2. What practice does Thucydides not value other than recognizing its effect on politics and the military?

3. Who is instrumental in getting Sparta to join Syracuse against Athens?

4. What does Athens do in Scione?

5. What is the first step in the unraveling of the Athenian force?

(see the answer keys)

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