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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Where are most of the skirmishes fought in 411 BC?
(a) In Miletus
(b) At Lycros
(c) The Hellespont
(d) In Crete
2. What is the net result of Gylippus' demand for more and better triremes?
(a) It bankrupts the country.
(b) More of the fighting takes place on the sea.
(c) A disastrous defeat of the Athenian fleet
(d) The ships do not perform as expected.
3. What does Thucydides say about the new Peloponnesian triremes?
(a) They use less manpower to operate.
(b) They are lighter and can move faster in the water.
(c) These triremes possess a reinforced prow with strengthened rams.
(d) They are the largest ships ever built up to that time.
4. What claim does Alcibiades make when the Phoenician navy remains neutral in the Aegean?
(a) He claims that rumors of Phoenician ships in the area are false intelligence.
(b) He claims that he enlists the Spartan fleet to battle the Phoenicians.
(c) He claims that the Phoenicians are little better than pirates.
(d) He claims it is his personal influence with the Phoenicians.
5. What indicates Athens' former military superiority as late as 412 BC?
(a) Small nations still look to Sthens for protection.
(b) Athens still has a significant military force .
(c) Sparta is still unable to get beyond Attica.
(d) Persia still considers Athens as a threat.
6. What is the historic view of the years from 421 to 413 BC?
(a) The years through 413 BC are marked by a generally less intense conflict where Athens and Sparta fight against each other in distant theaters
(b) It is regarded as the real end of the Peloponnesian War.
(c) Most of the attacks against either side are done by allies of the two armies.
(d) The bloodiest era of the Peloponnesian War occurs during this time.
7. What makes it plausible that Thucydides begins his history from first-hand knowledge?
(a) He is associated with the highest levels of diplomacy in the early days.
(b) He is a financier who has connections in high places.
(c) His father is Athenian and his mother is from Sparta.
(d) He is a wealthy Athenian and general in the early days of the war.
8. What military involvement in 416 BC is hotly argued in Athens?
(a) Sending hoplites to guard the borders of Attica
(b) Sending a fleet again to Sicily
(c) Conscripting Helots to fight the Spartans
(d) Mounting an invasion of Italy
9. Who negotiates with both sides--Sparta and Athens--after the defeat at Syracuse?
(b) Tissaphernes, the Persian satrap
(d) Sicily's ambassadors
10. At first, what action by Athens signifies a lack of understanding of the defeat at Syracuse?
(a) They raise taxes and duties for military spending.
(b) They vote to build more ships and press forward with the war.
(c) They believe their allies will not desert them.
(d) They launch an attack on Sparta.
11. How do the Athenians respond to the many defeats suffered in 414 BC?
(a) They recall Demosthenes and put him on trial.
(b) They refuse to believe that it is as bad as reported.
(c) They order the Athenian navy to return to Athens.
(d) They continue to pour their resources and personnel into the Syracusan conflict.
12. What happens in Attica during the time of the battle at Amphipolis?
(a) The Boeotians enjoy military success in Attica.
(b) All of Attica is annexed by Sparta.
(c) The farmers are allowed to return to their fields.
(d) The Crocyrans launch a successful attack.
13. How does a lunar eclipse enter into the Athenian plans to withdraw?
(a) It terrifies the Syracusans and causes them to withdraw.
(b) It gives the Syracusans a chance to attack in darkness.
(c) It gives the Athenians a chance to withdraw in darkness.
(d) It iss viewed as an omen and the Athenians wait too long to depart.
14. How are the triremes used in naval combat?
(a) The move in quickly and are able to board the enemy ship.
(b) They aim for the enemy ship and ram it.
(c) They come alongside another trireme and break its oars.
(d) They are outfitted with dart throwing devices.
15. As Spartan power grows, what happens in the Delian League?
(a) Revolution begins to foment throughout the Athenian empire.
(b) Old alliances are hasitly renewed.
(c) There is a change in political power within Athens.
(d) Manpower becomes a serious problem when they cannot pay.
Short Answer Questions
1. What serious setback happens to Athens in 413 BC?
2. What innovation does Gylippus utilize in the second battle at Syracuse?
3. What removes Syracuse, Sicily, and Italy from the text of Thucydides' history?
4. After military setbacks, what disagreement arses between Nicias and Demosthenes?
5. What are the results of Corinth's being alarmed during 421 BC?
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