History of the Peloponnesian War Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What further mischief does a former Athenian general create in 412 BC?
(a) Demosthenes attempts to establish an oligarchy with himself at its head.
(b) Cleon turns traitor and gives state secrets to Sparta.
(c) Alcibiades attempts to subvert an Athenian army in the field at Samos.
(d) Nicias leads a revolt of the Athenian army.

2. Where is Thucydides writing his History of the Peloponnesian War?
(a) In exile
(b) Underground Athens
(c) In Sparta
(d) In the Library of Alexandria

3. Why does Thucydides create his own chronology for his history?
(a) He wants to exert influence over the Grecian calendar.
(b) There is a unified calendar of which he does not approve.
(c) He is not sure of exact dates during the war.
(d) He clearly intends it for a wider readership than just the Athenians.

4. How many battles are fought between Athens and Syracuse?
(a) Three
(b) One
(c) Four
(d) Two

5. What is the historic view of the years from 421 to 413 BC?
(a) The bloodiest era of the Peloponnesian War occurs during this time.
(b) The years through 413 BC are marked by a generally less intense conflict where Athens and Sparta fight against each other in distant theaters
(c) Most of the attacks against either side are done by allies of the two armies.
(d) It is regarded as the real end of the Peloponnesian War.

6. Why is Book 5 of the History of the Peloponnesian War such a short book?
(a) There is only one battle during that time.
(b) There are fewer conflicts spread out over a number of years.
(c) Thucydides has to leave Athens in a hurry.
(d) Much of the history during that time is lost.

7. From a more historical point of view, how does the peace of Nicias seem to scholars?
(a) It seems to be misnamed for Nicias and should be credited to Cleon.
(b) It does not look like a peace at all.
(c) It looks like a failed effort at diplomacy.
(d) It appears to be a gradual cessation of hostilities.

8. What unusual plan does Syracuse put into operation against Athens?
(a) Syracuse sends sick civilians into the Athenian ranks to spread disease.
(b) Syracusans lead land attacks.
(c) Syracusans put out a rumor that the city has the plague.
(d) Syracusans build a fleet and attack the Athenian navy.

9. What claim does Alcibiades make when the Phoenician navy remains neutral in the Aegean?
(a) He claims that the Phoenicians are little better than pirates.
(b) He claims that he enlists the Spartan fleet to battle the Phoenicians.
(c) He claims that rumors of Phoenician ships in the area are false intelligence.
(d) He claims it is his personal influence with the Phoenicians.

10. How do the Athenians respond to the many defeats suffered in 414 BC?
(a) They recall Demosthenes and put him on trial.
(b) They refuse to believe that it is as bad as reported.
(c) They continue to pour their resources and personnel into the Syracusan conflict.
(d) They order the Athenian navy to return to Athens.

11. Who is instrumental in getting Sparta to join Syracuse against Athens?
(a) Alcibiades
(b) Brasias
(c) Cleon
(d) Pericles

12. What does Thucydides think of Athenian actions in Scione?
(a) He makes no mention of the Athenian actions.
(b) To him, it is a necessary result of a difficult conflict.
(c) To him. it is an example of the degenerative influence of warfare upon civilization.
(d) He approves of the severe measures taken by Athens.

13. What is happening to the once invincible hoplite phalanx?
(a) It is becoming ineffective against new weapons and tactics.
(b) It is failing because it had been overused.
(c) It is no longer being used by the Athenians.
(d) It is becoming too expensive to mount.

14. What serious setback happens to Athens in 413 BC?
(a) All of Athens' allies desert to Sparta.
(b) The plague returns, wiping out two thirds of the Athenian military.
(c) There is an earthquake that destroys the walls around Athens.
(d) The Athenian fleet is decisively destroyed in Sicily during the winter of 413 BC.

15. When Alcibiades is eventually recalled for blasphemy, what does he do?
(a) He flees to Sparta.
(b) He goes to Alexandria.
(c) He hires Socrates to defend him.
(d) He tears up the summons.

Short Answer Questions

1. What is the contradiction of Tissapherne's interaction with Sparta?

2. What area remains as the seat of power after the defeat at Syracuse?

3. What s Sparta's excuse to resume major hostilities against Athens?

4. How does Gylippus counteract the Athenian siege?

5. What is the political position of Argos from 418 through 416 BC?

(see the answer keys)

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