History of the Peloponnesian War Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What is the relationship of Melos to Athens during the period of the peace of Nicias?
(a) Melos sends envoys to both Athens and Sparta.
(b) Melos then engages Athens in political rhetoric and refuses to yield to Athenian demands.
(c) Melos accedes to all Athanian demands and comes under the Athenian umbrella.
(d) Melos seeks to evade entanglement in the Delian League.

2. In 422 BC, what is the financial condition of Athens?
(a) The Athenian treasury is being supplied only from conquered territories.
(b) Athens is bankrupt and has to forego paying its soldiers.
(c) Athenian wealth has grown far beyond what the Spartans had.
(d) The treasury has been largely expended and private subscriptions and extra taxes have been utilized for military expansion.

3. What desecration of religious idols is charged to Alcibiades?
(a) Knocking over the statues of Athena
(b) Setting fire to the temple of Apollo
(c) The stoning of the Oracle at Delphi
(d) The vandalism of the Hermae of Athens

4. Stylistically speaking, what is the quality of Thucydides' text?
(a) It is uneven and often misleading.
(b) Its simplicity of style makes it simple for even non-scholars to study.
(c) It is complex and extraordinarily dense which often leads to difficulty with clear interpretation of issues.
(d) It is archaic and fails to deliver what Thucydides had hoped for.

5. How does Thucydides picture certain charismatic generals during the years of the Peloponnesian War?
(a) A lot of talk and no action
(b) Men who have great personalities but little war experience.
(c) Of little significance to the outcome of the war
(d) Able single-handedly to turn the fortunes of the people they serve.

6. What military involvement in 416 BC is hotly argued in Athens?
(a) Conscripting Helots to fight the Spartans
(b) Sending hoplites to guard the borders of Attica
(c) Mounting an invasion of Italy
(d) Sending a fleet again to Sicily

7. What unexplainable surprising event takes place with the patriotic Athenian army?
(a) The army disbands leaving Athens open to attack.
(b) The patriotic Athenian army makes a pact with Sparta.
(c) Civil war breaks out within the city of Athens led by Nicias.
(d) The patriotic Athenian army faction on Samos recalls Alcibiades and elects him general.

8. How is Argos able to withstand the Spartans?
(a) There is intervention and the Spartans have to retreat.
(b) They ally with Athens who fights with them.
(c) They have impenetrable walls.
(d) Argos has new military weaponry.

9. What is the first step in the unraveling of the Athenian force?
(a) The Spartan presence in fortified Decelea causes difficulty in Athens, and Sparta sends reinforcements to Syracuse.
(b) Money is playing out in Athens.
(c) The raids on Peloponnesus become ineffective.
(d) There starts to be a lot of defections.

10. What claim does Alcibiades make when the Phoenician navy remains neutral in the Aegean?
(a) He claims that rumors of Phoenician ships in the area are false intelligence.
(b) He claims that he enlists the Spartan fleet to battle the Phoenicians.
(c) He claims it is his personal influence with the Phoenicians.
(d) He claims that the Phoenicians are little better than pirates.

11. How do scholars generally explain the contradictions in Thucydides' text?
(a) Much of the manuscript is lost and Thucydides forgets what he has said earlier.
(b) Over time. he revises his opinions and understanding but does not always update all relevant textual passages.
(c) Correctly analyzed, what appears to be contradictions are actually not.
(d) Thucydides seems to have a great deal of trouble making up his mind.

12. What are the Athenians doing in Italy at about the same time?
(a) Taking a break from the war
(b) Calling an international conference
(c) Preparing to invade Syracuse
(d) Regrouping to attack Peloponnesus

13. What is the resulting military action after the revolt of Chios?
(a) A larger revolt involving more of the Delian League allies
(b) A surprise attack on Athens by Sparta and Syracuse
(c) A combined Athenian and Argive force achieves a victory at Miletus but then retires as a larger Peloponnesian relief force approaches.
(d) The arrival of a Persian fleet in the Aegean Sea

14. How does a lunar eclipse enter into the Athenian plans to withdraw?
(a) It iss viewed as an omen and the Athenians wait too long to depart.
(b) It gives the Syracusans a chance to attack in darkness.
(c) It gives the Athenians a chance to withdraw in darkness.
(d) It terrifies the Syracusans and causes them to withdraw.

15. As Spartan power grows, what happens in the Delian League?
(a) Manpower becomes a serious problem when they cannot pay.
(b) Revolution begins to foment throughout the Athenian empire.
(c) There is a change in political power within Athens.
(d) Old alliances are hasitly renewed.

Short Answer Questions

1. Where are most of the skirmishes fought in 411 BC?

2. Where is Thucydides writing his History of the Peloponnesian War?

3. What occurs between Athens and Sparta during the winter of 422 BC?

4. What happens among pro-Athens allies at that time?

5. Why does Thucydides suddenly include more information on Peloponnesian events?

(see the answer keys)

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