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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How do the Athenians respond to the many defeats suffered in 414 BC?
(a) They refuse to believe that it is as bad as reported.
(b) They continue to pour their resources and personnel into the Syracusan conflict.
(c) They recall Demosthenes and put him on trial.
(d) They order the Athenian navy to return to Athens.
2. How does Thucydides picture certain charismatic generals during the years of the Peloponnesian War?
(a) Of little significance to the outcome of the war
(b) A lot of talk and no action
(c) Able single-handedly to turn the fortunes of the people they serve.
(d) Men who have great personalities but little war experience.
3. What does Thucydides think of Athenian actions in Scione?
(a) To him, it is a necessary result of a difficult conflict.
(b) He approves of the severe measures taken by Athens.
(c) To him. it is an example of the degenerative influence of warfare upon civilization.
(d) He makes no mention of the Athenian actions.
4. What serious setback happens to Athens in 413 BC?
(a) All of Athens' allies desert to Sparta.
(b) There is an earthquake that destroys the walls around Athens.
(c) The Athenian fleet is decisively destroyed in Sicily during the winter of 413 BC.
(d) The plague returns, wiping out two thirds of the Athenian military.
5. What are many Syracusans advocating prior to the arrival of Gylippus?
(a) A settlement with Athens
(b) Joining the Delian League
(c) Calling for spartan intervention
(d) Abandoning the region
6. Why is Book 5 of the History of the Peloponnesian War such a short book?
(a) Much of the history during that time is lost.
(b) There is only one battle during that time.
(c) Thucydides has to leave Athens in a hurry.
(d) There are fewer conflicts spread out over a number of years.
7. At first, what action by Athens signifies a lack of understanding of the defeat at Syracuse?
(a) They vote to build more ships and press forward with the war.
(b) They believe their allies will not desert them.
(c) They launch an attack on Sparta.
(d) They raise taxes and duties for military spending.
8. What is the contradiction of Tissapherne's interaction with Sparta?
(a) After making an alliance with Sparta, he continues negotiating with Athens.
(b) He never intends to keep his promises to Peloponesus.
(c) He makes an alliance with Sparta but also makes a secret alliance with Syracuse.
(d) Even as he declares an alliance with Sparta, he begins to cut material contributions to the Peloponnesians.
9. Who negotiates with both sides--Sparta and Athens--after the defeat at Syracuse?
(a) Sicily's ambassadors
(b) Tissaphernes, the Persian satrap
10. What unusual plan does Syracuse put into operation against Athens?
(a) Syracuse sends sick civilians into the Athenian ranks to spread disease.
(b) Syracusans build a fleet and attack the Athenian navy.
(c) Syracusans put out a rumor that the city has the plague.
(d) Syracusans lead land attacks.
11. What happens in the second battle at Syracuse?
(a) Cleon comes and takes command of the Athenians.
(b) Nicias finally takes aggressive action.
(c) Gylippus leads his troops to victory.
(d) Alcibiades arrives with reinforcements.
12. What ultimatum does Athens give to Melos?
(a) Pay tribute or be wholly destroyed
(b) Join the Delian League or remain neutral
(c) Surrender supporters of Sparta or face the consequences
(d) Build triemes for Athens or face an embargo
13. What unexplainable surprising event takes place with the patriotic Athenian army?
(a) The patriotic Athenian army makes a pact with Sparta.
(b) Civil war breaks out within the city of Athens led by Nicias.
(c) The patriotic Athenian army faction on Samos recalls Alcibiades and elects him general.
(d) The army disbands leaving Athens open to attack.
14. From a more historical point of view, how does the peace of Nicias seem to scholars?
(a) It appears to be a gradual cessation of hostilities.
(b) It does not look like a peace at all.
(c) It looks like a failed effort at diplomacy.
(d) It seems to be misnamed for Nicias and should be credited to Cleon.
15. How do scholars from other disciplines consider the value of Thucydides' work?
(a) It provides enough corollary materials that is has been the subject of scrutiny across a diverse field of studies.
(b) Its' politics are not consistent with other writers' interpretations.
(c) Social analysts cannot get a picture of the development of democratic institutions.
(d) The strange chronology makes it useless for other fields of study.
Short Answer Questions
1. What occurs between Athens and Sparta during the winter of 422 BC?
2. As Spartan power grows, what happens in the Delian League?
3. What is happening to the once invincible hoplite phalanx?
4. What s Sparta's excuse to resume major hostilities against Athens?
5. How is Argos able to withstand the Spartans?
This section contains 894 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)