History of the Peloponnesian War Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What is the significance of Thucydides' inclusion of the story of Aristogiton and Harmodius?
(a) It is a strange inclusion of Greek superstition.
(b) It has nothing to do with either Athens or Sparta.
(c) It is an important event that is glossed over lightly.
(d) It is a nearly unique authorial digression from the history of the war itself.

2. What is the first step in the unraveling of the Athenian force?
(a) The Spartan presence in fortified Decelea causes difficulty in Athens, and Sparta sends reinforcements to Syracuse.
(b) Money is playing out in Athens.
(c) There starts to be a lot of defections.
(d) The raids on Peloponnesus become ineffective.

3. What is the historic view of the years from 421 to 413 BC?
(a) The bloodiest era of the Peloponnesian War occurs during this time.
(b) It is regarded as the real end of the Peloponnesian War.
(c) The years through 413 BC are marked by a generally less intense conflict where Athens and Sparta fight against each other in distant theaters
(d) Most of the attacks against either side are done by allies of the two armies.

4. What occurs between Athens and Sparta during the winter of 422 BC?
(a) Diplomatic negotiations continue throughout the winter.
(b) They redraw the map of Greece.
(c) Athens and Sparta first sign a peace treaty and then develop an alliance of sorts.
(d) Athens and Sparta set up their defenses for the next year.

5. What practice does Thucydides not value other than recognizing its effect on politics and the military?
(a) Praying to Apollo
(b) Reading omens in the stars
(c) Casting lots
(d) Visiting the oracles

6. What happens at Amphipolis?
(a) Brasidas is defeated by Cleon's forces.
(b) Cleon loses his right arm in the battle at Amphipolis.
(c) Cleon is defeated by an audacious attack by Brasidas and both generals are killed in the fighting.
(d) There is a great battle that ended in a stand-off.

7. What happens in 411 BC to the Athenian democracy after the defeat at Syracuse?
(a) Athenian democracy collapses under the pressure of assassinations and military defeat.
(b) Martial law is declared to restore order and democracy.
(c) All the leaders resign in helplessness.
(d) The democracy splits into three separate factions.

8. How do the Athenians respond to the many defeats suffered in 414 BC?
(a) They refuse to believe that it is as bad as reported.
(b) They order the Athenian navy to return to Athens.
(c) They recall Demosthenes and put him on trial.
(d) They continue to pour their resources and personnel into the Syracusan conflict.

9. What area remains as the seat of power after the defeat at Syracuse?
(a) The Attica-Euboea-Boeotia-Peloponnesus Theater
(b) Samos, Chios, and Sardis.
(c) Athens and the Delian League.
(d) Persia and Corinth.

10. What military involvement in 416 BC is hotly argued in Athens?
(a) Sending hoplites to guard the borders of Attica
(b) Sending a fleet again to Sicily
(c) Mounting an invasion of Italy
(d) Conscripting Helots to fight the Spartans

11. How many battles are fought between Athens and Syracuse?
(a) Two
(b) Three
(c) One
(d) Four

12. Stylistically speaking, what is the quality of Thucydides' text?
(a) It is uneven and often misleading.
(b) Its simplicity of style makes it simple for even non-scholars to study.
(c) It is archaic and fails to deliver what Thucydides had hoped for.
(d) It is complex and extraordinarily dense which often leads to difficulty with clear interpretation of issues.

13. Who are the main antagonists over the military strategy in 416 BC?
(a) Alexander and Phillip
(b) Thucydides and Cleon
(c) Nician and Alcibiades
(d) Brasias and Pericles

14. What success does Cleon have during the time of Book 5?
(a) Cleon negotiates a cease fire with Crete.
(b) Cleon succeeds in reguilding the Athenian war machine.
(c) Cleon is elected to lead the country for life.
(d) Cleon leads an Athenian expedition to Thrace where he recaptures some areas formerly subjugated by Sparta.

15. How are the triremes used in naval combat?
(a) The move in quickly and are able to board the enemy ship.
(b) They come alongside another trireme and break its oars.
(c) They aim for the enemy ship and ram it.
(d) They are outfitted with dart throwing devices.

Short Answer Questions

1. How do scholars generally explain the contradictions in Thucydides' text?

2. What further mischief does a former Athenian general create in 412 BC?

3. Who is instrumental in getting Sparta to join Syracuse against Athens?

4. What s Sparta's excuse to resume major hostilities against Athens?

5. What happens in the second battle at Syracuse?

(see the answer keys)

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