History of the Peloponnesian War Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. How are the triremes used in naval combat?
(a) They are outfitted with dart throwing devices.
(b) They aim for the enemy ship and ram it.
(c) They come alongside another trireme and break its oars.
(d) The move in quickly and are able to board the enemy ship.

2. What makes it plausible that Thucydides begins his history from first-hand knowledge?
(a) His father is Athenian and his mother is from Sparta.
(b) He is a wealthy Athenian and general in the early days of the war.
(c) He is a financier who has connections in high places.
(d) He is associated with the highest levels of diplomacy in the early days.

3. What military involvement in 416 BC is hotly argued in Athens?
(a) Mounting an invasion of Italy
(b) Sending a fleet again to Sicily
(c) Conscripting Helots to fight the Spartans
(d) Sending hoplites to guard the borders of Attica

4. What military plan is put into effect in response to Nicias' request?
(a) Demosthenes commands a large group of hoplites who are taken to Syracuse by ship.
(b) Demosthenes prepares to lead a fleet to Sicily while another Athenian fleet raids along the Peloponnesus.
(c) Demosthenes becomes the first casualty of the naval war.
(d) Demosthenes declines to get involved in the war.

5. What does Athens do in Scione?
(a) Establishes a new military base of operations
(b) Gains another ally
(c) Prepares for a long winter
(d) Executes the men and enslaves the women and children

6. How was Thucydides like news reporters today?
(a) He was reticent about revealing his sources.
(b) He went to battle sites as a war correspondent.
(c) He studied journalism at the university.
(d) He had a column in the Athenian newspaper.

7. What ultimatum does Athens give to Melos?
(a) Build triemes for Athens or face an embargo
(b) Join the Delian League or remain neutral
(c) Surrender supporters of Sparta or face the consequences
(d) Pay tribute or be wholly destroyed

8. In 422 BC, what is the financial condition of Athens?
(a) Athenian wealth has grown far beyond what the Spartans had.
(b) The treasury has been largely expended and private subscriptions and extra taxes have been utilized for military expansion.
(c) The Athenian treasury is being supplied only from conquered territories.
(d) Athens is bankrupt and has to forego paying its soldiers.

9. What further mischief does a former Athenian general create in 412 BC?
(a) Alcibiades attempts to subvert an Athenian army in the field at Samos.
(b) Nicias leads a revolt of the Athenian army.
(c) Cleon turns traitor and gives state secrets to Sparta.
(d) Demosthenes attempts to establish an oligarchy with himself at its head.

10. How many battles are fought between Athens and Syracuse?
(a) Three
(b) One
(c) Two
(d) Four

11. Who arrives in Sicily and changes the course of the conflict with Athens?
(a) Brasias
(b) Gylippus
(c) Agamemnon
(d) Myron

12. What is the significance of Thucydides' inclusion of the story of Aristogiton and Harmodius?
(a) It is an important event that is glossed over lightly.
(b) It has nothing to do with either Athens or Sparta.
(c) It is a nearly unique authorial digression from the history of the war itself.
(d) It is a strange inclusion of Greek superstition.

13. What happens in the second battle at Syracuse?
(a) Gylippus leads his troops to victory.
(b) Cleon comes and takes command of the Athenians.
(c) Nicias finally takes aggressive action.
(d) Alcibiades arrives with reinforcements.

14. What marks the period of the peace of Nicias from 421 to 413 BC?
(a) Several major battles between Athens and Sparta
(b) Minor but constant friction between Athenian and Spartan interests
(c) Economic growth of both Athens and sparta
(d) Military buildups which precluded an skirmishes at all

15. What charismatic individual rises to prominence in 420 BC?
(a) Alcibiades
(b) Pericles
(c) Nicias
(d) Socrates

Short Answer Questions

1. What serious setback happens to Athens in 413 BC?

2. Why does Thucydides create his own chronology for his history?

3. What is the contradiction of Tissapherne's interaction with Sparta?

4. Who is instrumental in getting Sparta to join Syracuse against Athens?

5. What does Thucydides say about the new Peloponnesian triremes?

(see the answer keys)

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