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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. As Spartan power grows, what happens in the Delian League?
(a) Manpower becomes a serious problem when they cannot pay.
(b) Old alliances are hasitly renewed.
(c) There is a change in political power within Athens.
(d) Revolution begins to foment throughout the Athenian empire.
2. What is the response to Nicias' communique during the winter of 414 BC?
(a) There is cold silence after Nicias' request arrives in Athens.
(b) Athens answers that there are no more reinforcements available.
(c) After debate, the city decides to send more reinforcements and new leadership.
(d) Nicias' correspondence is intercepted by Sparta.
3. From a more historical point of view, how does the peace of Nicias seem to scholars?
(a) It does not look like a peace at all.
(b) It seems to be misnamed for Nicias and should be credited to Cleon.
(c) It looks like a failed effort at diplomacy.
(d) It appears to be a gradual cessation of hostilities.
4. What s Sparta's excuse to resume major hostilities against Athens?
(a) The continue raids in Lycos.
(b) Alcibiades informs Sparta that Athens is out of money.
(c) Athens refuses to receive Spartan envoys.
(d) Athens has allied with Argos against the Spartans.
5. How did Thucydides see the period of 422 to 421 BC?
(a) A period of rearmament for both sides
(b) A time when no military operations are launched.
(c) Part of a continuous military struggle with a lull included.
(d) An era of more guerilla warfare
6. What is the net result of Gylippus' demand for more and better triremes?
(a) It bankrupts the country.
(b) The ships do not perform as expected.
(c) A disastrous defeat of the Athenian fleet
(d) More of the fighting takes place on the sea.
7. What is the relationship of Melos to Athens during the period of the peace of Nicias?
(a) Melos seeks to evade entanglement in the Delian League.
(b) Melos then engages Athens in political rhetoric and refuses to yield to Athenian demands.
(c) Melos accedes to all Athanian demands and comes under the Athenian umbrella.
(d) Melos sends envoys to both Athens and Sparta.
8. What are the results of Corinth's being alarmed during 421 BC?
(a) Its borders are too exposed on all sides.
(b) Athens and Sparta agree to attack Corinth from both sides.
(c) Several spies are caught checking out their defenses.
(d) Corinth, in particular, is alarmed as are numerous other cities and a series of alliances began to develop.
9. Who are the main antagonists over the military strategy in 416 BC?
(a) Brasias and Pericles
(b) Nician and Alcibiades
(c) Thucydides and Cleon
(d) Alexander and Phillip
10. What does Thucydides think of Athenian actions in Scione?
(a) To him, it is a necessary result of a difficult conflict.
(b) He makes no mention of the Athenian actions.
(c) To him. it is an example of the degenerative influence of warfare upon civilization.
(d) He approves of the severe measures taken by Athens.
11. How does a lunar eclipse enter into the Athenian plans to withdraw?
(a) It iss viewed as an omen and the Athenians wait too long to depart.
(b) It terrifies the Syracusans and causes them to withdraw.
(c) It gives the Athenians a chance to withdraw in darkness.
(d) It gives the Syracusans a chance to attack in darkness.
12. How does Thucydides write about important speeches and rhetoric during his time?
(a) He asserts a knowledge about the thoughts of individuals at key moments within the history.
(b) He has a good imagination for what is being thought and said.
(c) He interviews important principal characters in the political area of his day.
(d) As a scribe, he is actually present for most of the important speeches and negotiations.
13. What is the contradiction of Tissapherne's interaction with Sparta?
(a) He never intends to keep his promises to Peloponesus.
(b) He makes an alliance with Sparta but also makes a secret alliance with Syracuse.
(c) Even as he declares an alliance with Sparta, he begins to cut material contributions to the Peloponnesians.
(d) After making an alliance with Sparta, he continues negotiating with Athens.
14. What is commonly called the peace of Nicias by modern scholars?
(a) A time under Nicias when Sparta is afraid to attack.
(b) The end of the Peloponnesian War
(c) The treaty of alliance between Sparta and Athens during the winter of 422 to 421 BC
(d) A six-week halt to the hostilities
15. What are the feelings of many Athenians leading up to the problems in Sicily?
(a) Most feel that Athens has become invulnerable.
(b) Many feel that Nicias iss unneseccarily inactive.
(c) Many feel that Cleon needs to be in Sicily.
(d) Many Athenians feel that Sicily is a simple matter.
Short Answer Questions
1. What further mischief does a former Athenian general create in 412 BC?
2. What does Athens do in Scione?
3. What area remains as the seat of power after the defeat at Syracuse?
4. What happens among pro-Athens allies at that time?
5. What is happening to the once invincible hoplite phalanx?
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