Hard Times; an Oral History of the Great Depression Test | Final Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What was the principal desire driving black protest in the 1930's according to Horace Cayton?

2. Who does Myrna Loy suspect of being the force behind her inability to meet FDR?

3. What did the Chicago Worker's Alliance protect against?

4. According to Fred Thompson, what did Wobblies constantly have to prove they were not?

5. What event discussed earlier in the book does Harry Norgard think was destructive to society?

Short Essay Questions

1. According to James Farley, how did Roosevelt alienate members of his own administration?

2. What was the most controversial component of the New Deal?

3. How did Neil Schaffner's theatre troupe have to change their business model after the Crash 1929?

4. Why does Myrna Loy think she never got to meet Roosevelt in person?

5. How much power did coal companies have in the towns they inhabited?

6. Who was Martin Dies?

7. Describe Harry Hartman's experiences repossessing belongings in the Depression.

8. According to Horace Cayton, why did black Americans not join the Communists en masse?

9. How did Wilbur Kane experience the Joe Louis fight against Max Schmeling?

10. How did Ray Wax's life disillusion him to the idea of strive-and-succeed?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

The Franklin Roosevelt administration was a hothouse of young minds and genius fiscal conservatives. Write an essay about the crucible of ideas that this administration fostered. What initial ideas came out of this group, and how were they killed out of the gate? What politicking occurred within the administration, in terms of currying favor with the President? What actions did FDR take that alienated huge swaths of his supporters?

Essay Topic 2

The Great Depression was a period of time during which large organized movements sought to restructure American society. In a three part essay, discuss how several organized groups went about attempting the recreation of a country:

Part 1) What hole in the union movement did the CIO fill in the 1930's? What tactics did the unions use in the rust belt in order to organize industrial workers? What opposition did they face? How much success did the CIO achieve over the course of the Depression? How did its relationship with the AFL change in this time?

Part 2) How did the American Communist movement surge in popularity during the Hoover years, and how did events in Europe destroy much of its credibility? To what extent did Roosevelt's New Deal destroy its ability to accomplish its goals in the 1930's? What members did it lose after Roosevelt built his coalition?

Part 3) How were both the Catholic Worker and the Wobblies different from the unions and the Communists? What was each group's guiding philosophy? Did either one form a coalition during the Depression? What happened to them after the Depression?

Essay Topic 3

During the Depression, the United States government offered amenities to its people that were unheard of in the past: farmland, housing, camps for the indigent. Write an essay about the public reaction to these amenities. How did each of them prove a model of cooperation? To what extent did people view them as a stepping stone to private ownership? Which of these amenities are still in existence? Why did some disappear and others degrade over time?

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