Mid-Book Test - Hard
|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did many of Arthur Robinson's friends say was the only reason to have money?
2. In a quote in the Introduction, how does the speaker describe the socioeconomic relationship between blacks and whites during the Depression?
3. According to Terkel in the Introduction, what voice dominated the radio alongside Roosevelt's during the Depression?
4. Where did Arthur Robinson keep thousands of dollars during the bank holiday?
5. According to Doc Graham, what was the only good thing Roosevelt did?
Short Essay Questions
1. How does Alf Landon recall his 1936 campaign against Roosevelt in the book?
2. What is Doc Graham's attitude toward Franklin Roosevelt?
3. How did Yip Harburg find his way to making music?
4. What was Dr. Townsend's contribution to the Depression-era discourse?
5. In the Depression-era Midwest, how did corn prices lead to corn being burned and pigs being slaughtered?
6. According to James Farley, how did Roosevelt alienate members of his own administration?
7. What role did Elsa Ponselle play in the forming of the Teacher's Union?
8. Why does Myrna Loy think she never got to meet Roosevelt in person?
9. What humiliation did Ward James face seeking relief in the 1930's?
10. How did The Cradle Will Rock become a lightning rod of controversy?
Essay Topic 1
The federal government went through a series of processes in its attempt to react to the 1929 crash of the stock market and to stem the sinking of the national economy. Write an essay about these attempts at governmental assistance and how they did or did not succeed:
Part 1) How did the Hoover administration react in the immediate aftermath of Black Tuesday? Discuss what sort of governmental initiatives went into place, and whether the administration succeeded in stemming the decline or allaying fears in the general populace. What unrest cropped up at this time?
Part 2) Discuss the first steps taken by the Roosevelt administration upon its arrival into office. What, specifically, was the NRA? What powers did this administrative body offer Roosevelt to place limits on the private sector? Why was the NRA preemptively shut down soon after its creation?
Part 3) How did the Works Progress Administration prove to be more effective at stemming destitution than simple relief? What did this desire of Americans for work programs say about the country's work ethic? What were some material results of the WPA?
Essay Topic 2
Studs Terkel's Hard Times is an oral history, meaning that it relies entirely on the conflagration of differing ideas. By including voices that speak from different experiences of the Depression, Terkel makes the debate the central focus of the history. Write an essay on this debate in three parts:
Part 1) The topic of Franklin Delano Roosevelt's success as a president is among the most controversial in the book. What are the arguments for his saving the United States? What are the arguments against such an assertion? How do these arguments reveal the dueling ideologies in America both in the 1930's and in 1970?
Part 2) Terkel interviews individuals who suffered greatly in the Depression and those who did not, including some who actually prospered in the desperation. How do the two groups' perceptions of the 1930's differ? What facts existed to support both a horrific and a majestic impression of the Depression years?
Part 3) Terkel interviews not only those who lived through the Depression but also their children and grandchildren. How does he juxtapose the worldviews of those who survived the poverty with those who did not? How do the younger generations see the Depression? Can they understand the residual effects it left with those who survived?
Essay Topic 3
The Franklin Roosevelt administration was a hothouse of young minds and genius fiscal conservatives. Write an essay about the crucible of ideas that this administration fostered. What initial ideas came out of this group, and how were they killed out of the gate? What politicking occurred within the administration, in terms of currying favor with the President? What actions did FDR take that alienated huge swaths of his supporters?
This section contains 1,279 words
(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page)