Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What weapon was used by the Incas?
(a) Rifles
(b) Steel swords
(c) Iron plated ships
(d) Wooden clubs

2. Why were the Europeans not affected by the infectious diseases that they brought to places like the Americas and Australia?
(a) They were genetically superior to other groups.
(b) They practiced better sanitation.
(c) They had already acquired immunity.
(d) They had a natural resistance to the diseases.

3. How did the Moriori avoid conflict?
(a) By moving to an area that no one wanted
(b) By giving in when challenged
(c) By renouncing war
(d) By choosing not to develop weapons

4. What animal was domesticated in southwest Asia?
(a) Llama
(b) Pig
(c) Sheep
(d) None

5. What is true about the greater Polynesian area?
(a) The groups had no contact with each other.
(b) The islands are all large.
(c) The societies are all warrior societies.
(d) It is very diverse.

6. Which of the following was one of the earliest crops?
(a) Fruit trees
(b) Dates
(c) Olives
(d) Wheat

7. Traditional arguments seeking to explain domination have often focused on what?
(a) Brain size differences
(b) Racial differences
(c) Height differences
(d) Monetary differences

8. Which of the following is not one of the fourteen large mammals that have been used in agriculture or war?
(a) Reindeer
(b) Dog
(c) Cow
(d) Horse

9. How did farmers end up with plants that fulfilled their needs?
(a) Trial and error
(b) Scientific analysis
(c) Historical studies
(d) Random choices

10. Which mammal did the Spanish have that the Incas did not?
(a) Horses
(b) Cows
(c) Dogs
(d) Boars

11. When did independent food production begin?
(a) 8500 to 8000 B.C.
(b) 2,000 to 100 B.C.
(c) 10,000 to 9000 B.C.
(d) 5,000 to 4,000 B.C.

12. What is a factor that influenced a group to adopt agriculture?
(a) The decline of wild foods
(b) The decrease in the population
(c) Agriculture made them more vulnerable to surrounding groups
(d) The decreased availability of domesticated plants

13. Which Spanish conquistador first encountered the Incas?
(a) Ferdinand Magellan
(b) Francis Drake
(c) Francisco Pizarro
(d) Christopher Columbus

14. How does Diamond feel about the traditional theories of human development?
(a) He feels that they are correct.
(b) He believes that intelligence differences separated people.
(c) He agrees with most of the argument but thinks that germs played a role.
(d) He feels that they are wrong.

15. What is true of the first farmers in many areas as compared to the hunters and gatherers?
(a) They had fewer diseases
(b) They died younger
(c) They worked fewer hours
(d) They were better nourished

Short Answer Questions

1. Hunter-gatherers in southeastern Europe adopted crops and agriculture from where?

2. About what time did food production begin in the United States?

3. Why was literacy important for the Spanish?

4. What is typically necessary for a society to have non-food specialists beyond kings and bureaucrats?

5. What are "selfer" plants?

(see the answer keys)

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