1. Why does Diamond argue that wealth and power are distributed unevenly across the globe?
He believes this inequality is due to the uneven development of agriculture and metal tools. The development of these items allowed those who did so early to conquer other groups and develop at a faster rate. He believes that these uneven developments gave some groups an advantage over others which ultimately led to an uneven distribution of wealth and power.
2. What is one other explanation (different than Diamond's) to explain the uneven distribution of wealth and power.
Some individuals argue that biological differences led to the distribution of wealth and power. They argue, using Darwin's theory, that those groups who are most "fit" wind up with more wealth and power than those groups that are biologically inferior. Studies have failed to show biological differences, however, that explain the uneven distribution.
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