|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. To Socrates, government is best analogized as being similar to the human _________.
2. Which one of the following scenarios, according to Socrates, would most likely give rise to a tyrannical government?
3. Socrates concludes Book X with a theory of _______________.
4. What is one example that Socrates uses to suggest that the city has already turned against him?
5. In his discussion of education, Socrates says that arithmetic, geometry, and physics are worthwhile pursuits for which two groups of people?
Short Essay Questions
1. Why does Socrates think the Sophists are evil?
2. What does the cave metaphor mean?
3. Why can't the common man see the world like the philosopher, according to Socrates?
4. What is the point of Socrates' discussion of evil and injustice after death?
5. What happens to the soul after it is dead, according to Socrates?
6. Why does Socrates say in Book VII that "philosophers don't want to rule"?
7. Why is the tyrannical man the most miserable, according to Socrates?
8. How is the entire Apology an example of Socratic wisdom in practice?
9. Why is democracy dangerous, according to Socrates?
10. How can tyranny arise in a democratic state?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
According to Socrates in Book IV of The Republic, justice is a proper organization of the faculties of the soul such that each part is fulfilling its own proper role and not usurping the functions of others. Do you agree or disagree with this definition? Do you think Socrates equivocates this definition in other dialogues? Give examples either modern or ancient where you can test Socrates view of justice.
Essay Topic 2
Socrates notes several times in The Republic that the traditional model for a family is not the best way to ensure a society's greatness. He makes several proposals, including a system where children are raised not by their biological parents, but held "in common." Compare and contrast Socrates' republic concerning child-rearing practices with your favorite dystopian novel/film (ex. Brave New World, V for Vendetta, 1984). Is Socrates creating a utopia or a dystopia? Use the ideas of other authors on this subject in conversation with the text.
Essay Topic 3
Choose your favorite Sophist and write a paper arguing for his thesis. You may choose "justice is the power of the stronger," or "the unjust life is more rewarding than the just one" or anything else you find in the text. Address the Socratic counter arguments to these claims and rebut them as best you can. Make sure to use textual evidence for your reasoning on both sides of your argument.
This section contains 1,283 words
(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page)