|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Socrates believes that a philosopher is best rewarded in death if ________.
(a) He is brought back to life.
(b) His soul is laid to rest, while his body continues to survive.
(c) He becomes a god.
(d) His soul continues to survive, while his body is laid to rest.
2. After the verdict, Socrates warns the Athenian jury that________.
(a) If they exile him, he will spread slander about the Athenian justice system
(b) If they do not convict him, the public will think them weak.
(c) If they execute him, they will only be hurting themselves, as his role will be impossible to replace.
(d) They are acting unjustly by carrying out the entire trial in one day.
3. In Book IX, what is the common man's deepest pleasure?
(b) Material gain.
4. One theme that is present in Book X, and in other dialogues is______________.
(a) Platonic forms manifest on earth.
(b) The myth of reincarnation.
(c) Learning as recalled knowledge.
(d) The immortality of the soul.
5. In Book VII Socrates weaves an analogy suggesting that the common man is like________.
(a) A starving beast, desperate for food.
(b) A prisoner in a cave looking at shadow puppets and thinking it's real life.
(c) A chicken in a coop, about to be slaughtered.
(d) A willow flapping in the wind.
Short Answer Questions
1. As a consequence of an elevated state of mind, Socrates explains that philosophers often have trouble_________.
2. Who is Cebes?
3. Why is Phaedo important?
4. According to Socrates' opinion, what is the second happiest social class of man in the world?
5. According to Socrates in Book VII, to what should all philosophers aspire?
Short Essay Questions
1. Characterize the nature of Socrates' speech in his own defense.
2. Why does Socrates think that the philosopher is always the happiest man in the state?
3. Why can't the common man see the world like the philosopher, according to Socrates?
4. If one cannot live like a philosopher, what does Socrates think he should do?
5. How can tyranny arise in a democratic state?
6. Why is democracy dangerous, according to Socrates?
7. How does Socrates argue that it is unlawful to break out of prison?
8. Why does Socrates think it acceptable for the state to make philosophers rule if they are unwilling?
9. Which trumps the other, according to Socrates, the laws of Athens or the gods?
10. Describe Socrates view of death and its role for the philosopher.
This section contains 1,167 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)