Great Dialogues Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. According to Socrates, what are the two ways of training the soul?
(a) Conversation with oneself and with others.
(b) Physical exercise and literary education.
(c) Mediation and medicine.
(d) Religion and philosophy.

2. In the beginning of Book IV, Adeimantus ask Socrates__________________.
(a) Where Socrates plans to get resources to build his city.
(b) Why the city's soldiers should be deprived of material happiness.
(c) Why Socrates adopts such a strange view of medicine.
(d) When Socrates thinks it feasible for his city to exist.

3. Why does Socrates speak about dogs and other animals to Glaucon?
(a) In hopes of finding the source of virtue.
(b) Socrates likes animals more than people.
(c) In order to show, by analogy, that it is difficult albeit not impossible to have people who are both gentle and aggressive.
(d) To establish grounds for a society in which people function like animals in a natural kingdom.

4. According to Socrates, the goal of his ideal city is__________________.
(a) To conquer the world.
(b) To find perfect knowledge.
(c) To make a well-organized, perfect society.
(d) To ensure the happiness of a particular class.

5. What definition of virtue do Meno and Socrates borrow from "the poets"?
(a) Virtue, like other abstract notions, resists our best attempts to define it.
(b) Virtue is the desire and power to obtain good things.
(c) Virtue is the unmoved mover of all things.
(d) Virtue is different for every person.

Short Answer Questions

1. In Ion, Socrates concludes that Ion's ability to memorize poetry is which of the following?

2. What types of stories, according to Socrates, ought we to read to children when they are very young?

3. To illustrate one facet of his argument, Socrates employs the help of which character?

4. Toward the end of Book IV Socrates weaves an analogy between________________.

5. Who is Glaucon?

Short Essay Questions

1. How does Socrates convince his interlocutors that a woman can do any job that a man can?

2. What is Polemarchus main mistake in defining justice as "benefiting one's friends and harming one's enemies"?

3. Explain Plato's theory of knowledge as recollection.

4. What would happen, according to Socrates, if a cobbler exercised the role of a leader?

5. What is the purpose of Alcibiades late-night intrusion into the Symposium? What does he talk about?

6. What is Socrates' view on poets and soothsayers?

7. What is the best way, according to Socrates, that people not be given false impressions about the gods?

8. What does Cephalus tell Socrates about the key to enjoying old age?

9. What is the crucial difference, according to Socrates, between the common man and the philosopher?

10. How is the story of the Symposium framed? How does this relate to the cultural values of the Greeks?

(see the answer keys)

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