|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. In <i>Book IX</i>,what is the soldier's deepest pleasure?
(d) Material gain.
2. According to Socrates, how should a good philosopher rule?
(a) Rule, but unwillingly so.
(b) Rule, but willingly so.
(c) Never rule because absolute power corrupts absolutely.
(d) Not associate with politics.
3. Tyranny is most likely to occur under which form of government?
4. How does Socrates regard a timocracy?
(a) Socrates wonders about the possibility of military rule.
(b) Socrates thinks that timocracy is the worst form of government.
(c) Socrates claims that honor and passion of a military leader, while not unjust, are imperfect qualities that you don't want in a leader.
(d) Socrates thinks that timocracy is the best form of government in all cases.
5. What must the philosopher, according to Socrates in <i>Book VI</i>, employ in order to attain knowledge of "absolute good"?
(a) Hypotheses about what is good in the world.
(b) Guessing and hoping he gets lucky.
(c) Public opinion of theoretical subjects.
(d) Judgment against "absolute evil."
6. Which subject should be taught last in Socrates' curriculum?
(c) Ontology (study of being).
(d) Dialectic (the study of reasoning).
7. Socrates firmly believes that poetry _____________.
(a) Must be philosophy to be considered poetry.
(b) Is philosophy of the heart.
(c) Tends to prevent men from leading good lives.
(d) Is instrumental in helping the common man understand larger issues.
8. If led by true philosophers, Socrates argues that the republic would__________________.
(a) Deal justly with foreigners.
(b) Not negotiate with other nations.
(c) Be the most powerful state in the world.
(d) Reflect the same perfect justice, beauty, and goodness of its leaders.
9. Socrates believes that the Sophists________________.
(a) Are philosophers themselves.
(b) Should be exiled on grounds of impiety.
(c) Are evil imitators posing as philosophers.
(d) Have values worth learning from.
10. According to Socrates' opinion, what does the common man's simple mind cause him to mistake?
(a) Examples for definitions.
(b) A ceasing of pain for pleasure.
(c) Reason for illogic.
(d) Emotions for arguments.
11. What is one example that Socrates uses to suggest that the city has already turned against him?
(a) The uproar in the courtroom when he speaks.
(b) Gorgias of Leontini's <i>Poetics</i>.
(c) Aristophanes' play <i>Clouds</i>.
(d) His conversation with Meno before the hearing.
12. What does Crito want Socrates to do?
(a) Appeal the conviction entered against Socrates.
(b) Drink hemlock.
(c) Break out of prison and leave Athens.
(d) Stop corrupting his son and the other young people in Greece.
13. In <i>Book IX</i>, how does Socrates describe a tyrant?
(a) Tired because he works long hours.
(b) Miserable, living in constant fear.
(c) Confused and worried about the wrong things.
(d) Elated at his sheer power.
14. Which of the following ideas are not mentioned in <i>Book VI</i>?
(a) The intellectual life of the philosopher is very rigorous.
(b) Philosophers can do good and evil.
(c) Hypotheses are helpful, but only when you cannot apprehend an idea without an example.
(d) Learning is a process of recalling past knowledge.
15. One theme that is present in <i>Book X</i>, and in other dialogues is______________.
(a) Platonic forms manifest on earth.
(b) The immortality of the soul.
(c) The myth of reincarnation.
(d) Learning as recalled knowledge.
Short Answer Questions
1. Philosophers, according to Socrates' analogy, are which of the following?
2. In Socrates' cross-examination of Meletus, how does he make Meletus contradict himself?
3. Where does <i>Crito</i> take place?
4. Socrates argues that the philosopher __________.
5. To Socrates, government is best analogized as being similar to the human _________.
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