|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. According to Socrates, what would be one way for philosopher-rule to commence?
(a) If a philosopher's soul was born to the son of a king destined to inherit his father's position.
(b) If a philosopher raised an army and instigated a revolution.
(c) To convince the people through reasoning that philosophers make better leaders.
(d) Assassination of the present emperor.
2. With whom does Socrates discuss the education of soldiers and philosophers?
3. How does Socrates regard a timocracy?
(a) Socrates claims that honor and passion of a military leader, while not unjust, are imperfect qualities that you don't want in a leader.
(b) Socrates wonders about the possibility of military rule.
(c) Socrates thinks that timocracy is the best form of government in all cases.
(d) Socrates thinks that timocracy is the worst form of government.
4. According to Socrates, how should a good philosopher rule?
(a) Never rule because absolute power corrupts absolutely.
(b) Rule, but willingly so.
(c) Not associate with politics.
(d) Rule, but unwillingly so.
5. From Socrates' point of view, the philosopher is __________ than the tyrant.
(a) Immensely more happy.
(b) Vested with less power.
(c) Worse off.
(d) More rewarded.
6. In Apology, Socrates defends himself specifically from accusations made by___________.
(a) The Sophists and the Arians.
(c) Evenus of Paros.
7. According to Socrates' opinion, what is the second happiest social class of man in the world?
(a) The tyrant.
(b) The timocratic man.
(c) The democratic man.
(d) The merchant.
8. According to Socrates' points in Book IV, the soul of a philosopher_____________________.
(a) Is easily persuadable.
(b) Is better than the soul of a common man.
(c) Can be used for good and evil alike.
(d) Does not concern Socrates.
9. In Book IX, the democratic man is described by Socrates as one who_________.
(a) Is the most virtuous type of person.
(b) Will not fulfill his perverse desires because he has a conscience.
(c) Is just as evil as the tyrannical man.
(d) Cares only for himself.
10. According to Socrates' opinion, what does the common man's simple mind cause him to mistake?
(a) Emotions for arguments.
(b) Reason for illogic.
(c) A ceasing of pain for pleasure.
(d) Examples for definitions.
11. In Book VII Socrates weaves an analogy suggesting that the common man is like________.
(a) A willow flapping in the wind.
(b) A chicken in a coop, about to be slaughtered.
(c) A starving beast, desperate for food.
(d) A prisoner in a cave looking at shadow puppets and thinking it's real life.
12. As a consequence of an elevated state of mind, Socrates explains that philosophers often have trouble_________.
(a) Focusing on complicated issues.
(b) With sensible and mundane activities.
(c) Apprehending absolute truths.
(d) Being professional.
13. According to Socrates in Book VII, how many years must a philosopher work after finishing his education in order to become a ruler?
(a) One year.
(b) Thirty years.
(c) Five years.
(d) Fifteen years.
14. What challenges does Cebes raise for Socrates?
(a) There might be no immortal soul, and when you die, there is only nothingness.
(b) There is legal precedent for breaking out of jail.
(c) Socrates can still appeal the verdict.
(d) Philosophy is not a worthwhile activity if it lands one in jail under capital punishment.
15. In his discussion of education, Socrates says that arithmetic, geometry, and physics are worthwhile pursuits for which two groups of people?
(a) Traders and servants.
(b) Craftsmen and politicians.
(c) Philosophers and merchants.
(d) Philosophers and military generals.
Short Answer Questions
1. Which one of the following scenarios, according to Socrates, would most likely give rise to a tyrannical government?
2. What must the philosopher, according to Socrates in Book VI, employ in order to attain knowledge of "absolute good"?
3. As a consequence of misology, or a hatred of logic/reasoning, Socrates explains how the common man has trouble_________.
4. What assertion is made by Socrates when he responds to Adeimantus' point?
5. Why is Phaedo important?
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