|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Why does Socrates speak about dogs and other animals to Glaucon?
(a) To establish grounds for a society in which people function like animals in a natural kingdom.
(b) In hopes of finding the source of virtue.
(c) Socrates likes animals more than people.
(d) In order to show, by analogy, that it is difficult albeit not impossible to have people who are both gentle and aggressive.
2. In Socrates' ideal city, poets and soothsayers:
(a) Would be considered useless and expelled.
(b) Would be rich while the workers would be poor.
(c) Would not be allowed to speak falsely about the gods.
(d) Would lead religious ceremonies.
3. To understand Ion's poetically inspired spirit, Socrates employs a metaphor of which of the following?
(a) A magnet to explain how a poet's inspiration moves from the muse to the audience.
(b) An eye attempting to see itself, explaining how our mental visions are limited by the bounds of our brain.
(c) A dying animal to explain how the sole individual is part of a significant collective.
(d) A newly born start to explain how small and insignificant our world is in the greater picture.
4. When he first meets Socrates, Meno asks the following question:
(a) Is justice necessarily a good thing?
(b) Is virtue taught, or is it inherent to good people?
(c) Where he can learn how to be a philosopher?
(d) How do we know if what we are seeing in the physical world actually exists?
5. Which demographic of the Athenian population does Socrates single out for discussion?
(a) The soldiers.
(b) The citizens.
(c) The lawyers.
(d) The sophists.
6. Who says, at the very end of Book II, "I completely endorse these patterns, and I would enact them as laws"?
7. How does Dimotia characterize love?
(a) Curious and enigmatic, like the Gods.
(b) Grounded and rational, like a mathematical equation.
(c) Beautiful and pure, like virtue or reason.
(d) Crude and deceitful, like the desire for immortality.
8. In Ion, Socrates is concerned primarily with which of the following?
(a) Distinguishing how we know things artistically from how we know things inspirationally.
(b) Defining virtue by more than just examples of virtue.
(c) Proving that Ion is not as smart as he is.
(d) Ion's secret relationship with Agathon.
9. Who is Socrates walking with when he is stopped by a group of men urging him to come to Cephalus' house?
10. Who is Asclepius?
(a) A philosopher who offers a competing argument.
(b) A ruler who looks kindly among his subjects.
(c) A tyrant who reigns over his people.
(d) A doctor who gave simple and quick treatments to his patients.
11. According to Socrates, what are the three parts of the soul?
(a) Hate, love, and desire.
(b) Goodness, badness, and curiosity.
(c) Rationality, spirit, and appetite.
(d) Thoughtfulness, mindfulness, and power.
12. Why does Glaucon continue conversing with Socrates?
(a) Because he is not satisfied with Socrates' response to Thrasymachus.
(b) Because he is convinced he can win an argument against Socrates.
(c) Because he is provoked by Adeimantus to do so.
(d) Because he agrees with Socrates that injustice is better than justice.
13. Ultimately, Socrates concludes that justice is______________.
(a) Completely unknowable, but nevertheless necessary.
(b) A proper organization, balancing the various faculties of the soul.
(c) The power of the stronger.
(d) Completely unknowable and therefore obsolete.
14. How does Socrates plan to keep the soldiers of the republic from fighting?
(a) He reasons that if they make the most money, they will always be happy.
(b) Socrates does not have a measure for ensuring peace among the guardian-class.
(c) He trusts that anyone who becomes a solider would put his state before his personal emotions.
(d) He reasons that if they belonged to the same family, they would not fight.
15. How does Thrasymachus first define justice?
(a) "Acting selflessly, so that the kingdom may prosper."
(b) "Nothing other than the advantage of the stronger."
(c) "Making laws to one's own disadvantage."
(d) "Being impartial and unbiased in all decisions."
Short Answer Questions
1. Who gives the first speech at the symposium?
2. According to Socrates, woman can____________.
3. When first asked by Socrates to define virtue, Meno responds with which of the following?
4. In his first argument, Glaucon asserts that is better to __________.
5. According to Socrates, what are the two ways of training the soul?
This section contains 776 words
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