|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. To illustrate one facet of his argument, Socrates employs the help of which character?
(a) Meno's wife.
(b) A nearby guard who speaks about virtuous people he knows.
(c) Plato to clarify Socrates' words for a perplexed Meno.
(d) A nearby slave boy to whom he teaches simple geometry.
2. According to Socrates, the goal of his ideal city is__________________.
(a) To ensure the happiness of a particular class.
(b) To conquer the world.
(c) To make a well-organized, perfect society.
(d) To find perfect knowledge.
3. What is a symposium?
(a) A small club of Sophists.
(b) An all- night drinking party where various elite Greeks discuss the meaning of love.
(c) An outdoor gathering of philosophers near a nobleman's residence.
(d) An ancient restaurant.
4. Which of the following does Socrates reason about poetry?
(a) Poetry was not meant to be read aloud.
(b) A poem's content cannot belong to the one who recites it.
(c) A poem's content always belongs to the one who recites it.
(d) If poetry consists of statements which belong to other arts, then such "other arts" are actually one thing.
5. In <i>Ion</i>, Socrates is concerned primarily with which of the following?
(a) Ion's secret relationship with Agathon.
(b) Defining virtue by more than just examples of virtue.
(c) Proving that Ion is not as smart as he is.
(d) Distinguishing how we know things artistically from how we know things inspirationally.
6. What counter-example does Socrates employ as evidence that a state is flawed?
(a) When innocent men are sentenced to death, a state is flawed.
(b) Diplomats make more money than labors in problematic regions.
(c) "Rich" soldiers in other cities make poor soldiers and poor leaders.
(d) Poor doctors exist where there are poor statesmen.
7. In Socrates' ideal city, poets and soothsayers:
(a) Would be rich while the workers would be poor.
(b) Would lead religious ceremonies.
(c) Would not be allowed to speak falsely about the gods.
(d) Would be considered useless and expelled.
8. How does Meno respond to Socrates' question: "Do bees differ as bees, because there are many different kinds of them; or, are they not rather to be distinguished by some other quality, as for example beauty, size, or shape?"
(a) "They're just bees. Who cares?"
(b) "I should answer that bees do not differ from one another, as bees."
(c) "I should say that bees must differ from one another, as bees."
(d) "I don't understand your question."
9. In his first argument, Glaucon asserts that is better to __________.
(a) Appear just than actually be just.
(b) Be unjust than appear unjust.
(c) Be just than appear just.
(d) Appear unjust than actually be just.
10. How does Socrates plan to keep the soldiers of the republic from fighting?
(a) He reasons that if they make the most money, they will always be happy.
(b) He reasons that if they belonged to the same family, they would not fight.
(c) Socrates does not have a measure for ensuring peace among the guardian-class.
(d) He trusts that anyone who becomes a solider would put his state before his personal emotions.
11. In the dialogue, Meno blames the confusion in his speech on which of the following?
(a) Socrates, because Socrates is deliberately confusing Meno about a subject which Meno thought he knew.
(b) Socrates, because Socrates is not listening to Meno's points.
(c) Himself, because he does not think himself a good exemplar of what virtue is.
(d) Himself, because he has not had ample time to prepare for a deep conversation.
12. How does Socrates refute Polemarchus' definition of justice?
(a) Socrates asserts that doing evil, even to an evil man, makes the doer unjust.
(b) Socrates shows Polemarchus that every man is intrinsically free, regardless of the law.
(c) Socrates shows Polemarchus that stealing from the rich is unjust.
(d) Socrates reasons that it is impossible to determine what is fair in every situation.
13. How does Socrates rebut the definition of virtue offered by the poets?
(a) By showing Meno that all men desire good things, but that not all men are virtuous.
(b) By proving to Meno that there are many commonly held virtues.
(c) By instructing Meno that it is impossible to have an abstract entity which moves other things but does not move itself.
(d) By giving Meno a solid definition of virtue.
14. From which poet does Polemarchus derive his definition of justice?
15. Why does Glaucon continue conversing with Socrates?
(a) Because he is not satisfied with Socrates' response to Thrasymachus.
(b) Because he is provoked by Adeimantus to do so.
(c) Because he is convinced he can win an argument against Socrates.
(d) Because he agrees with Socrates that injustice is better than justice.
Short Answer Questions
1. In <i>Ion</i>, Socrates compares Ion to which of the following?
2. According to Socrates, what are the two ways of training the soul?
3. Who is Socrates walking with when he is stopped by a group of men urging him to come to Cephalus' house?
4. Socrates intends his imagined city to be taken as a symbolic model for__________.
5. What analogies does Socrates employ to refute Thrasymachus' position on justice?
This section contains 888 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)