Final Test - Hard
|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Lewis believe that the world must place first in order to best understand itself?
2. What philosopher does Lewis quote in Part IV, Letter 12, "Capital Punishment and Death Penalty"?
3. The philosopher J.J.C. Smart distinguishes between whether an institution of moral rules is a good and idea and what?
4. What does Lewis see as being wrong about the arguments of those who wish to abolish the death penalty?
5. Lewis attributes most of the reduction in church attendance in England to what?
Essay Topic 1
Lewis suggests that one of the major reasons that women should not serve as priests is because one of a priest's roles is to represent God on earth, and the Christian God has apparently asked, through Jesus Christ and the prophets of the Old Testament, to be referred to as a man. The concept of a perfect divine begin having or desiring to be thought of as having a gender is a strange one, but Lewis contends that it is supportable.
1) Discuss the importance of masculinity in the Christian church. What elements of the church as essentially masculine or patriarchal and would be dramatically different without the masculine interpretation of God.
2) Describe some of the behaviors that the Christian God exhibits according to Lewis' assessments in the book which support the concept of God being more masculine than feminine.
3) Explain the evidence that supports the concept that the Christian God desires to be thought of as a man. Assess the strength of the evidence and other possible interpretations of it.
4) Speculate as to why an all-powerful divine being might prefer to be thought of as being one gender or another.
Essay Topic 2
Lewis explains that "witnessing" is the Christian practice of sharing the "good news" as expressed by Jesus in the New Testament with those who are outside of the church, attempting to educate and convert them to the Christian faith. Lewis contends that Christians are specifically commanded to pursue this practice, and that failure to do so has serious consequences for themselves and those they fail to convert.
1) Explain the concept of witnessing within the Christian church that Lewis describes. Explain its practices, aims, and target audience.
2) Discuss Lewis' view on the importance of witnessing for Christians.
3) Describe some of the difficulties that Christians experienced in "witnessing" in England in Lewis' time, and discuss techniques that Lewis recommends in order to surmount these difficulties.
Essay Topic 3
Jesus is widely accepted as a good moral teacher, but the gospels say that he also made impressive claims about himself that cannot be simply ignored. Christian apologists such as Lewis often suggest that Jesus' documented wisdom makes it impossible to discount or dismiss his claims.
1) Explain the common conception of Jesus according to Lewis, and the nature of the claims made by him in the Christian gospels.
2) Discuss the position of Lewis on the subject of Jesus life, teachings, and claims about himself. Why does Lewis believe that the combination of these elements is a strong argument in favor of Christianity's truth?
3) Explain some of the alternatives that Lewis concedes to be possible. Explain some simple changes in doctrine or interpretation of scripture that could lead to a different interpretation either of Jesus' teachings, or his claims about himself, and discuss why Lewis rejects these alternatives.
This section contains 626 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)