Final Test - Hard
|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Lewis believe that the world must place first in order to best understand itself?
2. What philosopher does Lewis quote in Part IV, Letter 12, "Capital Punishment and Death Penalty"?
3. The philosopher J.J.C. Smart distinguishes between whether an institution of moral rules is a good and idea and what?
4. What does Lewis see as being wrong about the arguments of those who wish to abolish the death penalty?
5. Lewis attributes most of the reduction in church attendance in England to what?
Essay Topic 1
Lewis concedes that animal pain is a major problem for theist belief. Although there are many classical arguments to explain the experience of pain by humans, who are able to learn and grow as a result of suffering, there are very few ways to explain the necessity for animals to suffer.
1) Summarize the "problem of pain" for Christianity specifically and for theist belief as a whole that Lewis outlines. Explain how Lewis resolves this problem in the case of human beings.
2) Discuss why the experience of pain by animals remains problematic for Christian apologists.
3) Describe Lewis' theory of "animal stages" and how it acts to explain away some of the problem of animal pain.
Essay Topic 2
Lewis explains that "witnessing" is the Christian practice of sharing the "good news" as expressed by Jesus in the New Testament with those who are outside of the church, attempting to educate and convert them to the Christian faith. Lewis contends that Christians are specifically commanded to pursue this practice, and that failure to do so has serious consequences for themselves and those they fail to convert.
1) Explain the concept of witnessing within the Christian church that Lewis describes. Explain its practices, aims, and target audience.
2) Discuss Lewis' view on the importance of witnessing for Christians.
3) Describe some of the difficulties that Christians experienced in "witnessing" in England in Lewis' time, and discuss techniques that Lewis recommends in order to surmount these difficulties.
Essay Topic 3
Although he is not primarily concerned with politics, the subject is unavoidable, and Lewis discusses the relationship between Christianity and politics in several different ways throughout the book.
1) Explain the unusual connection between church and state that existed in England during Lewis' time.
2) Discuss Lewis' opinions about compulsory religious activity forced on citizens by the state. Provide and explain some examples from the book.
3) Many have called for Christians to form a political party. Explain the argument Lewis uses to reject these concept.
This section contains 486 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)