|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. The philosopher J.J.C. Smart distinguishes between whether an institution of moral rules is a good and idea and what?
2. How does Lewis regard scientific progress?
3. In general, the efforts of figures from Nordic mythology would best be considered which of the following?
4. In Part II, Essay 14, "Revival or Decay?" Lewis warns against the danger of the increasing worship of what potentially sinful activity?
5. Lewis argues against discounting an argument just because the speaker does what?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Lewis suggests that Christmas is the most important spiritual holiday in the year for many Christians. However, he complains that it has been co-opted by commercial interests, a phenomenon that he views as destructive and undesirable in many respects.
1) Discuss the commercial impact of Christmas according to Lewis and use his arguments to assess whether or not the commercial aspects of the holiday have a net positive or negative impact on the wider culture that they occur in.
2) Discuss Lewis opinion about the impact that the commercialization of Christmas has on Christians and their observance of this important holiday.
3) Summarize the unusual arguments that Lewis puts forward to denounce the commercialization of Christmas.
Essay Topic 2
Punishment is of major interest to Lewis. He believes strongly in punishment based on "deserts" and believes that the type of punishment a society metes out can have a profound impact on its character and future.
1) Discuss the nature and importance of punishment according to Lewis. What are its aims, and why must it exist in a civilized society?
2) Explain how Lewis believes the concept of punishment is related to the concept of repentance. Detail any similarities between the two.
3) Describe some of the types of punishment that Lewis discusses in the book and explain how he believes these types of punishments will shape the society that practices them.
Essay Topic 3
Lewis explains that self-love is a complicated subject for Christians. He states that Jesus' commandment to "love thy neighbor as yourself" is an important contribution of the faith, and it implicitly encourages love of the self. However, he suggests that Christians are also commanded to avoid excessive greed, worldliness, and other symptoms of self-love.
1) Explain the reasons that Lewis gives to suggest that Christians are conflicted over the subject of self love, and discuss why this conflict is more prevalent in Christianity than in other faiths.
2) Discuss some of the dangers that Lewis explains that Christians face in practicing either excessive or insufficient self-love.
3) Explain Lewis' opinion on the subject of self-love within Christianity and discuss the way that he believes Christians should resolve this problem.
This section contains 2,561 words
(approx. 9 pages at 300 words per page)