Final Test - Hard
|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Lewis believe that the world must place first in order to best understand itself?
2. What philosopher does Lewis quote in Part IV, Letter 12, "Capital Punishment and Death Penalty"?
3. The philosopher J.J.C. Smart distinguishes between whether an institution of moral rules is a good and idea and what?
4. What does Lewis see as being wrong about the arguments of those who wish to abolish the death penalty?
5. Lewis attributes most of the reduction in church attendance in England to what?
Essay Topic 1
Miracles are events that seemingly violate the laws of nature, attributed to divine forces, and in Christianity, to the power of the Holy Spirit. Many contend that these events do not occur, and moreover, are impossible. Lewis suggests that the laws of nature are more flexible that they are often represented as being, and that miracles do occur from time to time.
1) Explain the philosophical arguments surrounding the occurrence of miracles. What groups of thinkers have particular interest in them, and what are their stances?
2) Explain Lewis' explanation about experience, observation, and prior commitments regarding miracles.
2) Discuss Lewis' opinion towards miracles and the explanation he gives for contending that they occur with some regularity without necessarily violating the laws of nature.
Essay Topic 2
Bulverism is the flawed argumentative technique of assuming that the opponent is wrong and then merely explaining how that person came to that flawed belief. Although this technique may sway audiences, and even cause a person to question their beliefs, it does nothing to determine the relative truth of an issue.
1) Explain the concept of Bulverism, how it is employed, and why it is flawed as a method of argument.
2) Discuss some of the common uses of Bulverism in debate, including a discussion of particular subjects that are especially vulnerable to this type of attack.
3) Speculate as to why a person might resort to Bulverism, and whether or not one who argues in this way is arguing honestly and in good faith.
Essay Topic 3
Lewis explains that self-love is a complicated subject for Christians. He states that Jesus' commandment to "love thy neighbor as yourself" is an important contribution of the faith, and it implicitly encourages love of the self. However, he suggests that Christians are also commanded to avoid excessive greed, worldliness, and other symptoms of self-love.
1) Explain the reasons that Lewis gives to suggest that Christians are conflicted over the subject of self love, and discuss why this conflict is more prevalent in Christianity than in other faiths.
2) Discuss some of the dangers that Lewis explains that Christians face in practicing either excessive or insufficient self-love.
3) Explain Lewis' opinion on the subject of self-love within Christianity and discuss the way that he believes Christians should resolve this problem.
This section contains 535 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)