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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What element of Christianity does Lewis specifically cite as seeming absurd to scientific thought?
2. Lewis contends that real change in a person occurs in what way?
3. Which of the following is one of the options that Joad believed rational persons must choose from?
4. Lewis contends that good and evil powers share what relationship?
5. According to Lewis, what, besides humans, experiences pain?
Short Essay Questions
1. According to Lewis, what distinction does Christianity carry, compared to other religions?
2. What are the problems with dualism, according to Lewis?
3. What does Lewis believe about the roles of suffering and discomfort in Christianity?
4. What is an "animal stage"?
5. Why did Lewis formulate his theories about the suffering of animals?
6. What two premises are necessary for belief in miracles, according to Lewis' argument in Part I, Essay 2, "Miracles"?
7. According to Lewis, how are laws of nature, causes, events, and the creator related?
8. What is the problem with relying only on experience according to Lewis' argument in Part I, Essay 2, "Miracles"?
9. Explain Lewis' argument that science does not undermine the occurrence of miracles.
10. Why does Lewis believe that philosophy alone is insufficient for faith?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
National repentance is the phenomenon of a nation's citizens feeling as if they must each personally atone for the wrongs of the nation as a whole. Although this guilt and the consequent repentance often makes people feel good, Lewis argues that it is undesirable and dangerous.
1) Explain the concept of national repentance and why it was prominent in Lewis' time.
2) Discuss the positive aspects that Lewis believes national repentance can bring about and what it is intended to achieve.
3) Discuss the problems that Lewis sees in national repentance. Explain how it can act as a distraction from real spiritual matters, and detail Lewis' arguments against it.
Essay Topic 2
According to Lewis and the scholars he shares correspondence with, suffering appears to be nearly universal in the world. It is not difficult to find human suffering, even in wealthy first-world nations, and animals suffer both in the wild and in human captivity. These scholars agree that the problem of suffering is a significant and important one for Christians, who believe that God is loving and moreover, pure good.
1) Explain the argument that some use to explain how suffering shows that the Christian God does not exist.
2) Describe the counter-arguments made by Lewis and others on this subject, to show that suffering may be an important and necessary component of the world.
3) Assess whether or not suffering is inherently evil, and which position this quality of suffering supports.
Essay Topic 3
The title essay of the book expresses Lewis' misgivings about the way that modern man approach the subject of God. Many, especially Materialists, attempt to place God in judgment.
1) Explain what Lewis means by the statement that modern men judge God. Explain the typical judgments that are laid against the Christian God.
2) Discuss the way that Lewis believes the subject of God should be approached.
3) Speculate as to how modern mindsets such as individuality and scientific reasoning contribute to what Lewis views as a flawed approach to the subject of God.
This section contains 929 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)