|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. How do secularism and paganism compare to Christianity as belief systems, according to Lewis?
2. Lewis' books were generally intended to bridge the gap between what types of writing?
3. Pittenger does not believe there is a scriptural basis for which of Jesus' claims?
4. What does Lewis cite as being an important part of the intellectual challenge of faith?
5. Lewis contends that real change in a person occurs in what way?
Short Essay Questions
1. Explain the way that Lewis states that probability judgments of events in Christianity should be made?
2. What two premises are necessary for belief in miracles, according to Lewis' argument in Part I, Essay 2, "Miracles"?
3. What is the theory of dualism?
4. Explain the distinction that Lewis makes between thinking and imagining.
5. According to Lewis' writings in Part I, Essay 17, "Answers to Question on Christianity", what is problematic for Christians about healing the sick, and why is this action acceptable anyways?
6. According to Lewis' argument in Part I, Essay 12, "Man or Rabbit?", what are the difficulties of using Christianity to become a better person ?
7. What is the problem with relying only on experience according to Lewis' argument in Part I, Essay 2, "Miracles"?
8. According to Lewis, how could a Materialist lead a good life without Christianity?
9. Why does Lewis believe that philosophy alone is insufficient for faith?
10. What is the role of apologetics?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
According to Lewis and the scholars he shares correspondence with, suffering appears to be nearly universal in the world. It is not difficult to find human suffering, even in wealthy first-world nations, and animals suffer both in the wild and in human captivity. These scholars agree that the problem of suffering is a significant and important one for Christians, who believe that God is loving and moreover, pure good.
1) Explain the argument that some use to explain how suffering shows that the Christian God does not exist.
2) Describe the counter-arguments made by Lewis and others on this subject, to show that suffering may be an important and necessary component of the world.
3) Assess whether or not suffering is inherently evil, and which position this quality of suffering supports.
Essay Topic 2
Jesus is widely accepted as a good moral teacher, but the gospels say that he also made impressive claims about himself that cannot be simply ignored. Christian apologists such as Lewis often suggest that Jesus' documented wisdom makes it impossible to discount or dismiss his claims.
1) Explain the common conception of Jesus according to Lewis, and the nature of the claims made by him in the Christian gospels.
2) Discuss the position of Lewis on the subject of Jesus life, teachings, and claims about himself. Why does Lewis believe that the combination of these elements is a strong argument in favor of Christianity's truth?
3) Explain some of the alternatives that Lewis concedes to be possible. Explain some simple changes in doctrine or interpretation of scripture that could lead to a different interpretation either of Jesus' teachings, or his claims about himself, and discuss why Lewis rejects these alternatives.
Essay Topic 3
Lewis suggests that Christmas is the most important spiritual holiday in the year for many Christians. However, he complains that it has been co-opted by commercial interests, a phenomenon that he views as destructive and undesirable in many respects.
1) Discuss the commercial impact of Christmas according to Lewis and use his arguments to assess whether or not the commercial aspects of the holiday have a net positive or negative impact on the wider culture that they occur in.
2) Discuss Lewis opinion about the impact that the commercialization of Christmas has on Christians and their observance of this important holiday.
3) Summarize the unusual arguments that Lewis puts forward to denounce the commercialization of Christmas.
This section contains 1,042 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)