|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. The terms prayer books often use to describe personal feelings would best be described as which of the following?
2. What does Lewis believe the state of the argument between himself and Joan the subject of human pain to be?
3. How does Lewis characterize the difference between Christian and scientific approaches to understanding the world?
4. Why should the Gospels not be considered legend?
5. What did the woman see in Part I, Essay 2, "Miracles"?
Short Essay Questions
1. What is the theory of dualism?
2. What two premises are necessary for belief in miracles, according to Lewis' argument in Part I, Essay 2, "Miracles"?
3. What are the problems with dualism, according to Lewis?
4. According to Lewis, how are laws of nature, causes, events, and the creator related?
5. Why did Lewis formulate his theories about the suffering of animals?
6. According to Lewis' writings in Part I, Essay 17, "Answers to Question on Christianity", what is problematic for Christians about healing the sick, and why is this action acceptable anyways?
7. What is an "animal stage"?
8. What does Dr. Pittenger say about Lewis' arguments in his earlier works?
9. According to Lewis' writings in Part I, Essay 19, "What Are We to Make of Jesus Christ", what possible contradiction makes it difficult to discount the miracles associated with the life of Jesus?
10. What is the essential conflict between dogma and knowledge according to Lewis' argument in Part I, Essay 2, "Dogma and the Universe"?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Lewis suggests that Christmas is the most important spiritual holiday in the year for many Christians. However, he complains that it has been co-opted by commercial interests, a phenomenon that he views as destructive and undesirable in many respects.
1) Discuss the commercial impact of Christmas according to Lewis and use his arguments to assess whether or not the commercial aspects of the holiday have a net positive or negative impact on the wider culture that they occur in.
2) Discuss Lewis opinion about the impact that the commercialization of Christmas has on Christians and their observance of this important holiday.
3) Summarize the unusual arguments that Lewis puts forward to denounce the commercialization of Christmas.
Essay Topic 2
Bulverism is the flawed argumentative technique of assuming that the opponent is wrong and then merely explaining how that person came to that flawed belief. Although this technique may sway audiences, and even cause a person to question their beliefs, it does nothing to determine the relative truth of an issue.
1) Explain the concept of Bulverism, how it is employed, and why it is flawed as a method of argument.
2) Discuss some of the common uses of Bulverism in debate, including a discussion of particular subjects that are especially vulnerable to this type of attack.
3) Speculate as to why a person might resort to Bulverism, and whether or not one who argues in this way is arguing honestly and in good faith.
Essay Topic 3
Apologetics is the rational defense of the faith. Lewis was one of the premiere Christian apologists of his century, publishing prolifically to explain, justify, and defend the Christian faith, which he believed to be not only good, but true. Apologetics employs reason, logic, historical evidence, and rhetorical techniques to shed a positive light on the Christian faith.
1) Explain the nature and purpose of apologetics. Who is the typical audience for an apologetic discussion?
2) Discuss some of the most common problems for Christian apologists, and the ways that Lewis approaches these problems.
3) Assess and explain whether faith needs to be defended and how appropriate reason and logic are to this endeavor.
This section contains 1,031 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)