|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Why are Christians sometimes hesitant to "witness" to those they care about?
2. What belief does Joad recommend in the writings that Lewis responds to in Part I, Essay 1, "Evil and God"?
3. According to Lewis, how much of Jesus' life is recorded?
4. According to materialism, reasoning is the result of what?
5. In Part I, Essay 1, "Evil and God", Lewis contends what about evil?
Short Essay Questions
1. What is Lewis' opinion about Christian literature?
2. What is the difference between religion and politics, according to Lewis?
3. Why does the answering of prayers not always necessitate supernatural intervention?
4. Why does Lewis believe that philosophy alone is insufficient for faith?
5. What is the problem in the village described in Part IV, Letter 5, "A Village Experience"?
6. What justification does Lewis use to explain that the universe is not meaningless?
7. According to Lewis' writings in Part II, Essay 2, "Two Ways with the Self", what apparent contradiction exists in Christianity regarding self-love, and how is it resolved?
8. Why does Lewis believe that the gospels are not legend?
9. What is the theory of dualism?
10. According to Lewis, how are laws of nature, causes, events, and the creator related?
Essay Topic 1
The theory of humanitarian punishment emphasizes rehabilitation and therapy for criminals. Although many can empathize with this approach, Lewis contends that there are significant practical problems that it can lead to.
1) Explain the humanitarian theory of punishment and how it differs from traditional method of punishment. What type of punishment would most criminals prefer to have brought against them?
2) Discuss some of the reasons that Lewis gives to explain why the humanitarian theory is embraced and supported. What apparent advantages does it have?
3) Explain in detail Lewis' argument against this approach to punishment, and describe the problems that he associates with it.
Essay Topic 2
Lewis explains that "witnessing" is the Christian practice of sharing the "good news" as expressed by Jesus in the New Testament with those who are outside of the church, attempting to educate and convert them to the Christian faith. Lewis contends that Christians are specifically commanded to pursue this practice, and that failure to do so has serious consequences for themselves and those they fail to convert.
1) Explain the concept of witnessing within the Christian church that Lewis describes. Explain its practices, aims, and target audience.
2) Discuss Lewis' view on the importance of witnessing for Christians.
3) Describe some of the difficulties that Christians experienced in "witnessing" in England in Lewis' time, and discuss techniques that Lewis recommends in order to surmount these difficulties.
Essay Topic 3
Lewis concedes that animal pain is a major problem for theist belief. Although there are many classical arguments to explain the experience of pain by humans, who are able to learn and grow as a result of suffering, there are very few ways to explain the necessity for animals to suffer.
1) Summarize the "problem of pain" for Christianity specifically and for theist belief as a whole that Lewis outlines. Explain how Lewis resolves this problem in the case of human beings.
2) Discuss why the experience of pain by animals remains problematic for Christian apologists.
3) Describe Lewis' theory of "animal stages" and how it acts to explain away some of the problem of animal pain.
This section contains 3,042 words
(approx. 11 pages at 300 words per page)