|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Lewis suggests that arguments for or against God's existence are which of the following?
2. What did the woman believe the vision she experienced in Part I, Essay 2, "Miracles" was?
3. What does Lewis cite as being an important part of the intellectual challenge of faith?
4. Lewis' books were generally intended to bridge the gap between what types of writing?
5. What belief does Joad recommend in the writings that Lewis responds to in Part I, Essay 1, "Evil and God"?
Short Essay Questions
1. Why does Lewis believe that philosophy alone is insufficient for faith?
2. Explain Lewis' argument that science does not undermine the occurrence of miracles.
3. What does Dr. Pittenger say about Lewis' arguments in his earlier works?
4. What is an "animal stage"?
5. What is the essential conflict between dogma and knowledge according to Lewis' argument in Part I, Essay 2, "Dogma and the Universe"?
6. How did Lewis' Socratic Club operate?
7. What are the problems with dualism, according to Lewis?
8. Explain the distinction that Lewis makes between thinking and imagining.
9. Explain the way that Lewis states that probability judgments of events in Christianity should be made?
10. What justification does Lewis use to explain that the universe is not meaningless?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Apologetics is the rational defense of the faith. Lewis was one of the premiere Christian apologists of his century, publishing prolifically to explain, justify, and defend the Christian faith, which he believed to be not only good, but true. Apologetics employs reason, logic, historical evidence, and rhetorical techniques to shed a positive light on the Christian faith.
1) Explain the nature and purpose of apologetics. Who is the typical audience for an apologetic discussion?
2) Discuss some of the most common problems for Christian apologists, and the ways that Lewis approaches these problems.
3) Assess and explain whether faith needs to be defended and how appropriate reason and logic are to this endeavor.
Essay Topic 2
Bulverism is the flawed argumentative technique of assuming that the opponent is wrong and then merely explaining how that person came to that flawed belief. Although this technique may sway audiences, and even cause a person to question their beliefs, it does nothing to determine the relative truth of an issue.
1) Explain the concept of Bulverism, how it is employed, and why it is flawed as a method of argument.
2) Discuss some of the common uses of Bulverism in debate, including a discussion of particular subjects that are especially vulnerable to this type of attack.
3) Speculate as to why a person might resort to Bulverism, and whether or not one who argues in this way is arguing honestly and in good faith.
Essay Topic 3
Miracles are events that seemingly violate the laws of nature, attributed to divine forces, and in Christianity, to the power of the Holy Spirit. Many contend that these events do not occur, and moreover, are impossible. Lewis suggests that the laws of nature are more flexible that they are often represented as being, and that miracles do occur from time to time.
1) Explain the philosophical arguments surrounding the occurrence of miracles. What groups of thinkers have particular interest in them, and what are their stances?
2) Explain Lewis' explanation about experience, observation, and prior commitments regarding miracles.
2) Discuss Lewis' opinion towards miracles and the explanation he gives for contending that they occur with some regularity without necessarily violating the laws of nature.
This section contains 917 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)