|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Lewis cite as being an important part of the intellectual challenge of faith?
2. Pittenger does not believe there is a scriptural basis for which of Jesus' claims?
3. What forces alter the characters of individuals, according to Christian doctrine?
4. The club that Lewis founded took its name from what philosopher?
5. According to Lewis, what, besides humans, experiences pain?
Short Essay Questions
1. How is Christianity transmitted, according to Lewis' writings in Part I, Essay 13, "On the Transmission of Christianity"?
2. According to Lewis, how are laws of nature, causes, events, and the creator related?
3. According to Lewis' writings in Part I, Essay 17, "Answers to Question on Christianity", what is problematic for Christians about healing the sick, and why is this action acceptable anyways?
4. Explain the way that Lewis states that probability judgments of events in Christianity should be made?
5. Why does the answering of prayers not always necessitate supernatural intervention?
6. According to Lewis' writings in Part I, Essay 19, "What Are We to Make of Jesus Christ", what possible contradiction makes it difficult to discount the miracles associated with the life of Jesus?
7. What two premises are necessary for belief in miracles, according to Lewis' argument in Part I, Essay 2, "Miracles"?
8. How are schoolboys taught Christianity in England?
9. What is the essential conflict between dogma and knowledge according to Lewis' argument in Part I, Essay 2, "Dogma and the Universe"?
10. What is an "animal stage"?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
The theory of humanitarian punishment emphasizes rehabilitation and therapy for criminals. Although many can empathize with this approach, Lewis contends that there are significant practical problems that it can lead to.
1) Explain the humanitarian theory of punishment and how it differs from traditional method of punishment. What type of punishment would most criminals prefer to have brought against them?
2) Discuss some of the reasons that Lewis gives to explain why the humanitarian theory is embraced and supported. What apparent advantages does it have?
3) Explain in detail Lewis' argument against this approach to punishment, and describe the problems that he associates with it.
Essay Topic 2
Lewis explains that "witnessing" is the Christian practice of sharing the "good news" as expressed by Jesus in the New Testament with those who are outside of the church, attempting to educate and convert them to the Christian faith. Lewis contends that Christians are specifically commanded to pursue this practice, and that failure to do so has serious consequences for themselves and those they fail to convert.
1) Explain the concept of witnessing within the Christian church that Lewis describes. Explain its practices, aims, and target audience.
2) Discuss Lewis' view on the importance of witnessing for Christians.
3) Describe some of the difficulties that Christians experienced in "witnessing" in England in Lewis' time, and discuss techniques that Lewis recommends in order to surmount these difficulties.
Essay Topic 3
Punishment is of major interest to Lewis. He believes strongly in punishment based on "deserts" and believes that the type of punishment a society metes out can have a profound impact on its character and future.
1) Discuss the nature and importance of punishment according to Lewis. What are its aims, and why must it exist in a civilized society?
2) Explain how Lewis believes the concept of punishment is related to the concept of repentance. Detail any similarities between the two.
3) Describe some of the types of punishment that Lewis discusses in the book and explain how he believes these types of punishments will shape the society that practices them.
This section contains 954 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)