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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Lewis believes that the laws of nature are NOT which of the following?
2. What did the woman believe the vision she experienced in Part I, Essay 2, "Miracles" was?
3. Lewis contends that Christianity relates to leading a good life in what way?
4. Lewis contends that good and evil powers share what relationship?
5. What is the title of the book discussed in Part I, Essay 13, "On the Transmission of Christianity"?
Short Essay Questions
1. How is Christianity transmitted, according to Lewis' writings in Part I, Essay 13, "On the Transmission of Christianity"?
2. Why is Lewis opposed to the commercialism of Christmas?
3. Explain one example of the problem with trying too hard to look at a problem "behind the scenes".
4. What are the problems with dualism, according to Lewis?
5. Why does Lewis believe that pain is evidence of the existence of God?
6. What is the purpose of the prayer books according to Lewis?
7. What does Joad argue in his original 1941 article, "Evil and God"?
8. What argument does Lewis make to suggest that science incapable of invalidating religion?
9. What reasons does Lewis give to support the idea of women serving as priests?
10. What justification does Lewis use to explain that the universe is not meaningless?
Essay Topic 1
Lewis concedes that animal pain is a major problem for theist belief. Although there are many classical arguments to explain the experience of pain by humans, who are able to learn and grow as a result of suffering, there are very few ways to explain the necessity for animals to suffer.
1) Summarize the "problem of pain" for Christianity specifically and for theist belief as a whole that Lewis outlines. Explain how Lewis resolves this problem in the case of human beings.
2) Discuss why the experience of pain by animals remains problematic for Christian apologists.
3) Describe Lewis' theory of "animal stages" and how it acts to explain away some of the problem of animal pain.
Essay Topic 2
According to Lewis and the scholars he shares correspondence with, suffering appears to be nearly universal in the world. It is not difficult to find human suffering, even in wealthy first-world nations, and animals suffer both in the wild and in human captivity. These scholars agree that the problem of suffering is a significant and important one for Christians, who believe that God is loving and moreover, pure good.
1) Explain the argument that some use to explain how suffering shows that the Christian God does not exist.
2) Describe the counter-arguments made by Lewis and others on this subject, to show that suffering may be an important and necessary component of the world.
3) Assess whether or not suffering is inherently evil, and which position this quality of suffering supports.
Essay Topic 3
Lewis explains that "witnessing" is the Christian practice of sharing the "good news" as expressed by Jesus in the New Testament with those who are outside of the church, attempting to educate and convert them to the Christian faith. Lewis contends that Christians are specifically commanded to pursue this practice, and that failure to do so has serious consequences for themselves and those they fail to convert.
1) Explain the concept of witnessing within the Christian church that Lewis describes. Explain its practices, aims, and target audience.
2) Discuss Lewis' view on the importance of witnessing for Christians.
3) Describe some of the difficulties that Christians experienced in "witnessing" in England in Lewis' time, and discuss techniques that Lewis recommends in order to surmount these difficulties.
This section contains 3,020 words
(approx. 11 pages at 300 words per page)