|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Joad argues that attempts to explain away evil usually have what quality?
2. What types of matters did the member's of Lewis' club discuss?
3. Lewis contends that real change in a person occurs in what way?
4. Why, according to Lewis, are good and evil paired together?
5. The club that Lewis founded took its name from what philosopher?
Short Essay Questions
1. How are schoolboys taught Christianity in England?
2. What is the difference between religion and politics, according to Lewis?
3. According to Lewis' writings in Part I, Essay 17, "Answers to Question on Christianity", what is problematic for Christians about healing the sick, and why is this action acceptable anyways?
4. Explain the way that Lewis states that probability judgments of events in Christianity should be made?
5. Why did Lewis formulate his theories about the suffering of animals?
6. According to Lewis, what distinction does Christianity carry, compared to other religions?
7. According to Lewis, how could a Materialist lead a good life without Christianity?
8. What does Lewis believe about the roles of suffering and discomfort in Christianity?
9. What justification does Lewis use to explain that the universe is not meaningless?
10. What argument does Lewis make to suggest that science incapable of invalidating religion?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Miracles are events that seemingly violate the laws of nature, attributed to divine forces, and in Christianity, to the power of the Holy Spirit. Many contend that these events do not occur, and moreover, are impossible. Lewis suggests that the laws of nature are more flexible that they are often represented as being, and that miracles do occur from time to time.
1) Explain the philosophical arguments surrounding the occurrence of miracles. What groups of thinkers have particular interest in them, and what are their stances?
2) Explain Lewis' explanation about experience, observation, and prior commitments regarding miracles.
2) Discuss Lewis' opinion towards miracles and the explanation he gives for contending that they occur with some regularity without necessarily violating the laws of nature.
Essay Topic 2
National repentance is the phenomenon of a nation's citizens feeling as if they must each personally atone for the wrongs of the nation as a whole. Although this guilt and the consequent repentance often makes people feel good, Lewis argues that it is undesirable and dangerous.
1) Explain the concept of national repentance and why it was prominent in Lewis' time.
2) Discuss the positive aspects that Lewis believes national repentance can bring about and what it is intended to achieve.
3) Discuss the problems that Lewis sees in national repentance. Explain how it can act as a distraction from real spiritual matters, and detail Lewis' arguments against it.
Essay Topic 3
Lewis explains that self-love is a complicated subject for Christians. He states that Jesus' commandment to "love thy neighbor as yourself" is an important contribution of the faith, and it implicitly encourages love of the self. However, he suggests that Christians are also commanded to avoid excessive greed, worldliness, and other symptoms of self-love.
1) Explain the reasons that Lewis gives to suggest that Christians are conflicted over the subject of self love, and discuss why this conflict is more prevalent in Christianity than in other faiths.
2) Discuss some of the dangers that Lewis explains that Christians face in practicing either excessive or insufficient self-love.
3) Explain Lewis' opinion on the subject of self-love within Christianity and discuss the way that he believes Christians should resolve this problem.
This section contains 989 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)