|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. How does Lewis characterize the difference between Christian and scientific approaches to understanding the world?
2. How does Lewis state that he "wants" to interpret the Christian creeds?
3. According to materialism, reasoning is the result of what?
4. Lewis contends that good and evil powers share what relationship?
5. The philosopher that Lewis responds to in Part I, Essay 23, "Must Our Image of God Go?" uses a metaphor that compares Jesus to which of the following?
Short Essay Questions
1. Explain the way that Lewis states that probability judgments of events in Christianity should be made?
2. What is the purpose of the prayer books according to Lewis?
3. What does Dr. Pittenger say about Lewis' arguments in his earlier works?
4. Why does Lewis believe that the gospels are not legend?
5. What does Lewis believe about the roles of suffering and discomfort in Christianity?
6. According to Lewis, how could a Materialist lead a good life without Christianity?
7. What is the difference between religion and politics, according to Lewis?
8. How is Christianity transmitted, according to Lewis' writings in Part I, Essay 13, "On the Transmission of Christianity"?
9. What mistakes does Lewis believe that the Bishop of Woolwich makes in his arguments about scripture?
10. According to Lewis' writings in Part I, Essay 17, "Answers to Question on Christianity", what is problematic for Christians about healing the sick, and why is this action acceptable anyways?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Bulverism is the flawed argumentative technique of assuming that the opponent is wrong and then merely explaining how that person came to that flawed belief. Although this technique may sway audiences, and even cause a person to question their beliefs, it does nothing to determine the relative truth of an issue.
1) Explain the concept of Bulverism, how it is employed, and why it is flawed as a method of argument.
2) Discuss some of the common uses of Bulverism in debate, including a discussion of particular subjects that are especially vulnerable to this type of attack.
3) Speculate as to why a person might resort to Bulverism, and whether or not one who argues in this way is arguing honestly and in good faith.
Essay Topic 2
Lewis suggests that one of the major reasons that women should not serve as priests is because one of a priest's roles is to represent God on earth, and the Christian God has apparently asked, through Jesus Christ and the prophets of the Old Testament, to be referred to as a man. The concept of a perfect divine begin having or desiring to be thought of as having a gender is a strange one, but Lewis contends that it is supportable.
1) Discuss the importance of masculinity in the Christian church. What elements of the church as essentially masculine or patriarchal and would be dramatically different without the masculine interpretation of God.
2) Describe some of the behaviors that the Christian God exhibits according to Lewis' assessments in the book which support the concept of God being more masculine than feminine.
3) Explain the evidence that supports the concept that the Christian God desires to be thought of as a man. Assess the strength of the evidence and other possible interpretations of it.
4) Speculate as to why an all-powerful divine being might prefer to be thought of as being one gender or another.
Essay Topic 3
Dogma is the more or less unchanging set of beliefs and rules that establish and maintain a religion's identity. Although often vehemently despised by materialist thinkers and liberal churches, Lewis contends that dogma is an important component of faith and essential for a mature religion.
1) Explain what dogma is, especially in the Christian church, and how and why is remains unchanging. Explain one element of Christian dogma that has not changed significantly in a very long time.
2) Discuss the problems that outsiders, liberal thinkers, and materials have with dogma.
3) Explain how dogma aids a religion in maintaining its cohesion, and explain Lewis' suggestion that dogma's unchanging nature is a strength, and not a weakness.
This section contains 1,038 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)