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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. According to Lewis, what, besides humans, experiences pain?
2. How is Christianity related to spiritualism, according to Lewis?
3. What element of Christianity does Lewis specifically cite as seeming absurd to scientific thought?
4. According to his speech in Part I, Essay 10, "Christian Apologetics", what terms does Lewis prefer to speak on?
5. Pittenger believes that Lewis' argument against naturalism is really a response to what kind of an argument?
Short Essay Questions
1. According to Lewis, how could a Materialist lead a good life without Christianity?
2. How are schoolboys taught Christianity in England?
3. Why does Lewis believe that pain is evidence of the existence of God?
4. Why does Lewis believe that the gospels are not legend?
5. What does Lewis believe about the roles of suffering and discomfort in Christianity?
6. What does Joad argue in his original 1941 article, "Evil and God"?
7. According to Lewis' argument in Part I, Essay 12, "Man or Rabbit?", what are the difficulties of using Christianity to become a better person ?
8. Explain Lewis' argument that science does not undermine the occurrence of miracles.
9. Why does the answering of prayers not always necessitate supernatural intervention?
10. Explain the distinction that Lewis makes between thinking and imagining.
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Lewis concedes that animal pain is a major problem for theist belief. Although there are many classical arguments to explain the experience of pain by humans, who are able to learn and grow as a result of suffering, there are very few ways to explain the necessity for animals to suffer.
1) Summarize the "problem of pain" for Christianity specifically and for theist belief as a whole that Lewis outlines. Explain how Lewis resolves this problem in the case of human beings.
2) Discuss why the experience of pain by animals remains problematic for Christian apologists.
3) Describe Lewis' theory of "animal stages" and how it acts to explain away some of the problem of animal pain.
Essay Topic 2
Science and religion have been in contention ever since the church began to loose its authority over science due to the work of enlightenment thinkers and scientists. The debate between these apparently opposing world-views raged in Lewis' time and continues unabated to the modern day.
1) Discuss some of the reasons that science and religion come into conflict ideologically.
2) Explain some of the arguments used by both sides to suggest that the opposing viewpoint is invalid.
3) Explain the difference between scientific thought and materialism.
4) Describe the argument that Lewis uses to suggest that science and religion need not be in conflict.
Essay Topic 3
The title essay of the book expresses Lewis' misgivings about the way that modern man approach the subject of God. Many, especially Materialists, attempt to place God in judgment.
1) Explain what Lewis means by the statement that modern men judge God. Explain the typical judgments that are laid against the Christian God.
2) Discuss the way that Lewis believes the subject of God should be approached.
3) Speculate as to how modern mindsets such as individuality and scientific reasoning contribute to what Lewis views as a flawed approach to the subject of God.
This section contains 889 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)