|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Lewis believe the state of the argument between himself and Joan the subject of human pain to be?
2. Which of the following is one word Lewis uses to describe religions that he views to be true?
3. Lewis believes that the laws of nature are NOT which of the following?
4. What did the woman see in Part I, Essay 2, "Miracles"?
5. Price argues what about religion?
Short Essay Questions
1. According to Lewis' writings in Part I, Essay 19, "What Are We to Make of Jesus Christ", what possible contradiction makes it difficult to discount the miracles associated with the life of Jesus?
2. According to Lewis, how could a Materialist lead a good life without Christianity?
3. What justification does Lewis use to explain that the universe is not meaningless?
4. Why does the answering of prayers not always necessitate supernatural intervention?
5. What is an "animal stage"?
6. What is the theory of dualism?
7. What mistakes does Lewis believe that the Bishop of Woolwich makes in his arguments about scripture?
8. What does Dr. Pittenger say about Lewis' arguments in his earlier works?
9. According to Lewis, how are laws of nature, causes, events, and the creator related?
10. Why does Lewis believe that pain is evidence of the existence of God?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Punishment is of major interest to Lewis. He believes strongly in punishment based on "deserts" and believes that the type of punishment a society metes out can have a profound impact on its character and future.
1) Discuss the nature and importance of punishment according to Lewis. What are its aims, and why must it exist in a civilized society?
2) Explain how Lewis believes the concept of punishment is related to the concept of repentance. Detail any similarities between the two.
3) Describe some of the types of punishment that Lewis discusses in the book and explain how he believes these types of punishments will shape the society that practices them.
Essay Topic 2
Dogma is the more or less unchanging set of beliefs and rules that establish and maintain a religion's identity. Although often vehemently despised by materialist thinkers and liberal churches, Lewis contends that dogma is an important component of faith and essential for a mature religion.
1) Explain what dogma is, especially in the Christian church, and how and why is remains unchanging. Explain one element of Christian dogma that has not changed significantly in a very long time.
2) Discuss the problems that outsiders, liberal thinkers, and materials have with dogma.
3) Explain how dogma aids a religion in maintaining its cohesion, and explain Lewis' suggestion that dogma's unchanging nature is a strength, and not a weakness.
Essay Topic 3
Prayer is an essential part of almost every world religion. Lewis emphasizes that idea that in Christianity, many believe that God can be implored to intervene directly in the world, either miraculously or subtly, and that failure to pray can have a bearing on the outcome of an event.
1) Discuss Lewis' opinion about the importance of prayer in Christianity and other major religions.
2) Explain the typical Christian beliefs about prayer and the ways that God can be asked to intervene.
3) Describe the miraculous and mundane ways that Lewis states Christians believe God can and does intervene in human affairs.
4) Discuss the "paradox of prayer" that Lewis describes, and explain how he is able to resolve the paradox.
This section contains 944 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)