|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. In Christianity, Judaism and in Islam, God is the king, lord, master, judge, and ____________.
2. The resurrection was useful ____________, which is why it became such an important part of religious dogma.
3. Pagels points out that it was __________ that ultimately expelled the Valentinians who strove to maintain their membership.
(a) The Gnostics.
(b) The Romans.
(c) The Church.
(d) The Jews.
4. Pagels points out that the ___________ may be the key building block of orthodox Christianity.
(a) Creation myth.
(b) Fall of Eden.
(c) Temptation of Christ.
5. Pagels talks about three different interpretations of the Divine - as the _______, as the Holy Spirit, and as Wisdom.
Short Answer Questions
1. While the scrolls were taken to the Coptic museum for safekeeping, _______ of the codices were smuggled out of the country.
2. In a newly discovered Nag Hammadi text, it says, "I am __________. I am both Mother and Father since I copulate with myself. I am the Womb, the All."
3. The redefinition of who sees Jesus first is a tradition which first indicated that the direction of the _________ more than the importance of the doctrine.
4. Once committed to the Mother and Father of the world, the candidate undertook the secret sacrament of apolytrosis, or _________.
5. __________ was far more recognized and abundant than previously thought, especially in the years following Jesus' death.
Short Essay Questions
1. Why were many of the papyri scrolls suddenly found on the black market after their initial discovery?
2. What did the Valentinians come to believe about the idea of God? What was He supposed to be?
3. Why does Pagels state that the retelling of the story of Eden becomes problematic for those who consider themselves to be Christian?
4. What happened when a Roman soldier expressed his contempt for the Jews?
5. What are the three Gnostic interpretations of the divine that Pagels speaks of in this section of the book?
6. What did Mohammed 'Ali do when he realized there wasn't any treasure in the jar that he had found?
7. What are the two occasions described in the Bible in which the reappearance of Jesus might be called into question?
8. Why didn't Mohammed and his brothers want to break open the jar that they found as they were digging?
9. What kind of criteria would the Gnostics give as being the true definition of a Christian?
10. Describe the idea of the social reality in which those who practice orthodox faith live.
This section contains 648 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)