Gideon's Trumpet Test | Final Test - Medium

Anthony Lewis
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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What do some people at the state level want to see implemented?
(a) A lottery to decide who takes a case.
(b) Another appellate court.
(c) Mandatory attorney representation.
(d) A public defender's office.

2. Who writes a legal brief in support of Gideon after Walter Mondale's letter is circulated?
(a) General George Patton.
(b) General Dwight Eisenhower.
(c) General Johnson Hall.
(d) General Gerald A. Berlin.

3. The Justice makes the point that all the prisoners currently jailed without counsel were entitled to an attorney ________________________.
(a) Until proven guilty.
(b) Whether they wanted one or not.
(c) Because this is America.
(d) Under the special circumstances rule.

4. When the Supreme Court ruled that federal defendants must have lawyers, a ________________ took over in place of any official body creating and funding a system that would work.
(a) State committee.
(b) Caucus.
(c) Task force.
(d) Non-system.

5. What "stupid answer" does Jacob give in response to a Justice?
(a) Gideon did the crime and he has to do the time.
(b) The Justices have not done their due diligence in the case.
(c) He did not realize that he would be questioned on some of these issues.
(d) A judge would not object to a lay person representing someone else.

Short Answer Questions

1. Immediately following Gideon's case, how many cases does the Supreme Court send back to the Florida State Supreme Court ordering it to reconsider those cases in light of Gideon vs. Wainwright?

2. Overall, the courts deal with ____________ while the legislature deals with abstraction in large numbers.

3. Jacob recommends that if a new law were to come from the Gideon case it should not be _______________.

4. Who is the Attorney General in 1963?

5. How many other states sign Berlin's legal brief?

Short Essay Questions

1. What is Justice Black's statement about Betts when he offers the Supreme Court opinion?

2. What is Justice Harlan's simple statement that overturns Betts vs. Brady?

3. What does John Hart Ely discover about Florida cases while doing research for Gideon's Supreme Court case?

4. What are a couple reasons that the Supreme Court works so well in terms of independent thinking?

5. Why is Gideon's Supreme Court case called Gideon vs. Wainwright?

6. What change on the Supreme Court bench seems fortunate for Gideon's case?

7. What is the impact of the Gideon ruling regarding getting support for attorneys who are appointed to criminal cases?

8. What embarrassing statement does Jacob make in dialogue regarding Gideon representing someone else in court?

9. What is the author's reply to those who may question whether a case like Gideon's should be managed through legislation or allowed to proceed to the Supreme Court?

10. What is Jacob's opinion on the retroactive element of any law which may evolve from Gideon's Supreme Court case?

(see the answer keys)

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