Gideon's Trumpet Test | Final Test - Medium

Anthony Lewis
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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Immediately following Gideon's case, how many cases does the Supreme Court send back to the Florida State Supreme Court ordering it to reconsider those cases in light of Gideon vs. Wainwright?
(a) 35.
(b) 7.
(c) 10.
(d) 100.

2. What is the main reason a defendant does not have an attorney?
(a) He is tried before he knows what is going on.
(b) He thinks he can do fine on his own.
(c) He doesn't understand the gravity of his situation.
(d) He cannot afford one.

3. Which of the following is an indigent person unable to afford that a rich defendant can?
(a) All of these.
(b) Bail.
(c) Psychiatric evaluations.
(d) Other defense methods.

4. Who is the Attorney General in 1963?
(a) Robert F. Kennedy.
(b) Lyndon Johnson.
(c) Robert McNamara.
(d) Daniel Ellsberg.

5. Who is the young lawyer assigned to defend the state's position in Gideon's case?
(a) Robert Bruce.
(b) Bruce Robert Jacob.
(c) Michael Morris.
(d) Clayton Hall.

Short Answer Questions

1. Who does George Mantz say is looking out for defendants with attorneys?

2. Who is the new director of the Florida prison system during Gideon's Supreme Court trial?

3. The Supreme Court Justices are aware that many of the cases they hear are the result of __________________.

4. How many other states sign Berlin's legal brief?

5. What amazes Jacob about appearing in the Supreme Court?

Short Essay Questions

1. Why is Gideon's Supreme Court case called Gideon vs. Wainwright?

2. What are a couple reasons that the Supreme Court works so well in terms of independent thinking?

3. What does Fortas believe would be the surest way to get assenting opinions from the Justices in Gideon's case?

4. What is Justice Harlan's simple statement that overturns Betts vs. Brady?

5. What embarrassing statement does Jacob make in dialogue regarding Gideon representing someone else in court?

6. What is the impact of the Gideon ruling regarding getting support for attorneys who are appointed to criminal cases?

7. What is the author's reply to those who may question whether a case like Gideon's should be managed through legislation or allowed to proceed to the Supreme Court?

8. What flaw does Fortas present in determining decisions on a case-by-case basis?

9. How could Gideon vs. Wainwright overthrow the Betts vs. Brady decision that was enacted just 20 years prior?

10. How do Fortas and Jacob differ in their perceptions of Supreme Court procedure?

(see the answer keys)

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