Gideon's Trumpet Test | Final Test - Medium

Anthony Lewis
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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Who replaces Justice Frankfurter when he retires?
(a) Justice Arthur Goldberg.
(b) Justice Avery Gillette.
(c) Justice Arthur Goldman.
(d) Justice Alan Ginsburg.

2. Which state files its own brief in support of the principles of Gideon's case?
(a) Montana.
(b) Maine.
(c) Oregon.
(d) Michigan.

3. What did State Judge Walter V. Schaefer of the Illin.ois Court of Illinois assert as a citizen's greatest right?
(a) The right to an attorney.
(b) The right to practice religion.
(c) The right to bear arms.
(d) The right of free speech.

4. What do some people at the state level want to see implemented?
(a) Mandatory attorney representation.
(b) Another appellate court.
(c) A lottery to decide who takes a case.
(d) A public defender's office.

5. Jacob recommends that if a new law were to come from the Gideon case it should not be _______________.
(a) Publicized.
(b) Enforced.
(c) Retroactive.
(d) In effect for a year.

Short Answer Questions

1. How many other states sign Berlin's legal brief?

2. Lawyers appearing before the Supreme Court should present facts as opposed to ________________.

3. George Mantz of ____________ admits that his state's courts could soon follow the trend to appoint attorneys in all cases.

4. Overall, the courts deal with ____________ while the legislature deals with abstraction in large numbers.

5. Which of the following is NOT a Justice seated during Gideon's Supreme Court case?

Short Essay Questions

1. What is the premise of the brief written by George D. Mentz of the Alabama Attorney General's office which supports Jacob's case?

2. Compare and contrast the legal resources for Jacob representing states' rights and Fortas representing just one man.

3. Before hearing Gideon's case, what are the Justices aware of regarding many of the cases they hear?

4. What flaw does Fortas present in determining decisions on a case-by-case basis?

5. What is the premise of the Betts vs. Brady case in 1942?

6. How do Fortas and Jacob differ in their perceptions of Supreme Court procedure?

7. What are a couple reasons that the Supreme Court works so well in terms of independent thinking?

8. What is the impact of the Gideon ruling regarding getting support for attorneys who are appointed to criminal cases?

9. What is Justice Harlan's simple statement that overturns Betts vs. Brady?

10. What is State Judge Walter V. Schaefer's reasoning on why the right to an attorney is greater than all other rights?

(see the answer keys)

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