|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Abe Fortas think would be the best way for the Justices to understand Gideon's case?
(a) They should read Gideon's trial transcripts.
(b) They should listen to interviews of inmates.
(c) They should talk to local judges.
(d) They should go to criminal court and watch a defendant try to defend himself.
2. Who is the law student who works on research for Fortas?
(a) Michael Collins.
(b) John Hardeson.
(c) James Milligan.
(d) John Hart Ely.
3. What is a legal document submitted to the Supreme Court from anyone who may have something helpful to add to a case?
(a) Federal Affiliation.
(b) Amicus Curiae.
(c) Good Neighbor.
4. What "stupid answer" does Jacob give in response to a Justice?
(a) He did not realize that he would be questioned on some of these issues.
(b) Gideon did the crime and he has to do the time.
(c) A judge would not object to a lay person representing someone else.
(d) The Justices have not done their due diligence in the case.
5. The Justice makes the point that all the prisoners currently jailed without counsel were entitled to an attorney ________________________.
(a) Under the special circumstances rule.
(b) Whether they wanted one or not.
(c) Because this is America.
(d) Until proven guilty.
Short Answer Questions
1. Walter Mondale of Minnesota wrote to Jacob that all __________________ should have a lawyer.
2. Which of the following is NOT a Justice seated during Gideon's Supreme Court case?
3. Which of the following do the Supreme Court Justices have?
4. How might Gideon have known about the Carnley vs. Cochran case?
5. George Mantz of ____________ admits that his state's courts could soon follow the trend to appoint attorneys in all cases.
Short Essay Questions
1. How do Fortas and Jacob differ in their perceptions of Supreme Court procedure?
2. What is the next step after the Supreme Court rules in Gideon's favor?
3. Why is Gideon's Supreme Court case called Gideon vs. Wainwright?
4. What is the impact of the Gideon ruling regarding getting support for attorneys who are appointed to criminal cases?
5. How could Gideon vs. Wainwright overthrow the Betts vs. Brady decision that was enacted just 20 years prior?
6. What does John Hart Ely discover about Florida cases while doing research for Gideon's Supreme Court case?
7. What is the author's reply to those who may question whether a case like Gideon's should be managed through legislation or allowed to proceed to the Supreme Court?
8. Who is Bruce Robert Jacob and what is his role in Gideon's Supreme Court trial?
9. What flaw does Fortas present in determining decisions on a case-by-case basis?
10. What change on the Supreme Court bench seems fortunate for Gideon's case?
This section contains 1,113 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)