Gideon's Trumpet Test | Final Test - Medium

Anthony Lewis
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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Immediately following Gideon's case, how many cases does the Supreme Court send back to the Florida State Supreme Court ordering it to reconsider those cases in light of Gideon vs. Wainwright?
(a) 100.
(b) 7.
(c) 10.
(d) 35.

2. In most cases the majority of the work falls on _________________.
(a) The Attorney General.
(b) The defendant.
(c) The defense attorney.
(d) The prosecutor's office.

3. How does Gideon describe Fortas' legal brief about the case?
(a) A masterpiece.
(b) Brilliant document.
(c) A Godsend.
(d) Truly inspiring work.

4. Who is the Attorney General in 1963?
(a) Lyndon Johnson.
(b) Robert F. Kennedy.
(c) Daniel Ellsberg.
(d) Robert McNamara.

5. Alabama's brief declares that ___________________ is more likely to be acquitted.
(a) A first-time offender.
(b) An indigent without counsel.
(c) An indigent with counsel.
(d) A retarded person.

Short Answer Questions

1. Jacob recommends that if a new law were to come from the Gideon case it should not be _______________.

2. Who is the young lawyer assigned to defend the state's position in Gideon's case?

3. Which of the following happens to legal services when appointed attorneys are not compensated?

4. Which organization submits a brief in support of Gideon's petition?

5. What is the next issue following the Supreme Court's ruling in Gideon's favor?

Short Essay Questions

1. What is the impact of the Gideon ruling regarding getting support for attorneys who are appointed to criminal cases?

2. What is Justice Harlan's simple statement that overturns Betts vs. Brady?

3. How do Fortas and Jacob differ in their perceptions of Supreme Court procedure?

4. What is the author's reply to those who may question whether a case like Gideon's should be managed through legislation or allowed to proceed to the Supreme Court?

5. What is the premise of the brief written by George D. Mentz of the Alabama Attorney General's office which supports Jacob's case?

6. What form of support does Jacob get to help him defend the state position in the trial?

7. What is Justice Black's statement about Betts when he offers the Supreme Court opinion?

8. What could be the reason that the Supreme Court Justices selected Fortas to represent Gideon?

9. How could Gideon vs. Wainwright overthrow the Betts vs. Brady decision that was enacted just 20 years prior?

10. What are a couple reasons that the Supreme Court works so well in terms of independent thinking?

(see the answer keys)

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