1. Describe the steppe.
The steppe is a descriptive term for the geographical region in which Genghis Khan and the early nomadic tribes of the Mongol people inhabited. It is characterized by expansive grassland and few trees.
2. Differentiate between Genghis Khan's white banner and black banner. What did each represent, and what happened to each?
Genghis Khan's white spirit banner was made from white horsetails and used in time of peace. The black spirit banner was woven from black horsetails and was used for guidance through war. The white spirit banner disappeared early, and the black spirit banner was considered the residence of Genghis Khan's soul after he died. It was guarded by Buddhist monks until the twentieth century.
3. What is "The Secret History of the Mongols," and where was it finally found?
"The Secret History of the Mongols" is a text written by Mongols recounting the history of Genghis Khan. A copy was first discovered in Beijing, written in Chinese characters.
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