|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What word is used to describe a long and arduous process?
2. While being forced to stay in Rome Galileo gave power of attorney to which of the following?
3. It is erroneously reported that Galileo was tried in which year?
4. What was the name of the woman's son?
5. What was Galileo's official position with the Grand Duke of Tuscany?
Short Essay Questions
1. Name one of the biggest and harshest stipulations set upon Galileo's return to Arcetri.
2. While the Catholics had their opinions on why Galileo was tried, the anti-Catholics also had an opinion. What was the opinion of the anti-Catholics?
3. What was the outcome of the efforts made by Galileo and others?
4. The illness prevented Maria Celeste from doing two very important things. What were they? What was the result?
5. What was the reason Pope Urban finally permitted Galileo to return to Arcetri?
6. How long did Galileo have to stay in Rome before he was granted an audience at the Holy Office?
7. Galileo began to work on a book involving the theories of motion. Discuss the concept for the book and its relationship to Aristotle's earlier teachings.
8. By this time Galileo had become blind in one eye and was plagued with poor vision in the other. How did Galileo manage to work with this affliction?
9. How did Maria Celeste's death take its toll on Galileo?
10. Detail at least one of Galileo's bouts with depression. How did Maria Celeste try to combat the depression?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Galileo's trial forbade him from working on certain projects so that he could stay out of prison. Explain the arrangement with the Church. Do you think Galileo agreed because he felt he had no choice or because it was in his best interest? Do you think Galileo compromised himself or his work by agreeing to stop working and teaching? Did Galileo keep his word?
Essay Topic 2
One of Galileo's most famous experiments took place at the Leaning Tower of Pisa. What was the experiment? What did the experiment prove? Who inspired the experiment and/or was inspired by it? Do the results of the experiment still hold true today? Explain.
Essay Topic 3
Explain the concept and creation of Galileo's "Treatise on the Tides." Why was the work so important? What was the collective opinion of Galileo's colleagues? How did Galileo feel about the finished product? What was the main theme of the book? Did Galileo introduce anything new to the scientific community?
This section contains 707 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)