|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. How many copies of the book were published once it was approved?
2. Who assisted Galileo and Maria Celeste in one particular project?
3. What was the name of Galileo's brother?
4. The son was intended to complete his education at a university in which city?
5. The author speaks at length of the war, which involved which country?
Short Essay Questions
1. Which scientist most influenced the work of Galileo? What was Galileo's intention with his experiments?
2. Explain the invention of the pendulum clock and how it came about. What happened to the invention?
3. Despite scientific advancements many people were at a loss to explain the plague, how it spread, and how to cure it. Discuss some of the beliefs of the people.
4. Explain the first experience with a telescope. Also explain what it meant to the future study of the galaxy.
5. Why did Galileo have to go through regular channels if the Pope approved of the work? Who was responsible for issuing the printing licenses?
6. What was the name of the Pope elected in Part 2? When was the Pope elected? What was his former identity?
7. Discuss some of the complaints the Galileis had regarding various illnesses.
8. What were the accolades and criticisms following Pope Urban's inauguration?
9. What did Galileo send to Urban as soon as it was proper to do so? What was Galileo's hope in regards to a new relationship with an old friend?
10. What is the structure of the book? How many letters are there in total?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Explain the concept and creation of Galileo's "Treatise on the Tides." Why was the work so important? What was the collective opinion of Galileo's colleagues? How did Galileo feel about the finished product? What was the main theme of the book? Did Galileo introduce anything new to the scientific community?
Essay Topic 2
In 1600, Cardinal Bruno was burned at the stake. Why was the cardinal killed? What was the official crime? Write a 1000-word essay on the Cardinal Bruno. Who was he? Where did he fit into the story? Examine the Cardinal's work and conflict with the Church. Explain the irony and connection to Galileo.
Essay Topic 3
Describe in detail the court proceedings against Galileo. Who pressed the charges? What were the charges? Was Galileo guilty? What was the punishment served on Galileo? What was the length of the sentence? What was the overall opinion of the church, the academic community, and Galileo's family? Did the punishment fit the crime?
This section contains 799 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)