Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal, 1932-1940 Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

William E. Leuchtenburg
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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. In "The Hundred Days' War" Ferdinand Pecora's Senate investigation into Wall Street reveals that twenty partners of House of Morgan have not paid income tax in how long?
(a) 6 years.
(b) 2 years.
(c) 32 months.
(d) 9 months.

2. When Roosevelt asks Congress for legislation to regulate the Stock Exchange in February of 1934, which of the following men--President of the Stock Exchange--is outraged?
(a) James Forrestal.
(b) John Raskob.
(c) Richard Whitney.
(d) Henry Morgenthau.

3. By the time Roosevelt is inaugurated, how many states have closed their banks?
(a) 23.
(b) 14.
(c) 49.
(d) 38.

4. Which of the following individuals is a member of the "Brain Trust" and continues to serve as an adviser after the 1932 election, when that group disbands?
(a) Basil O'Connor.
(b) James Kieran.
(c) Raymond Moley.
(d) Samuel Rosenman.

5. In which of the following cities does the American Federation of Labor hold its 1934 convention?
(a) San Francisco.
(b) Des Moines.
(c) Atlanta.
(d) New York.

Short Answer Questions

1. What is the name of the popular radio pastor in "Waiting for Lefty" who first supports Roosevelt but begins to waver soon after the election?

2. On Roosevelt's very first night in office, he directs his Secretary of the Treasury to draft an emergency banking bill. Who is the Secretary of Treasury?

3. In the run up to the 1934 Congressional elections, John Garner guesses that Republicans will win how many seats in the House of Representatives?

4. When Roosevelt forms the Public Works Administration he appoints the Secretary of the Interior to run it. What was his name?

5. After the ordered destruction of the 1933 cotton crop, Americans are horrified when 6 million of which baby animal are next ordered to slaughter?

Short Essay Questions

1. What was the "death sentence" in the holding company bill that was supposed to go into effect on January 1, 1940 but which was ultimately defeated?

2. Explain the Old Age Revolving Pensions proposal put forth by Doctor Townsend, as discussed in "Waiting for Lefty."

3. Discuss the ways in which the Social Security Act of 1935 represented a new way of thinking in American history, as detailed in "One Third of a Nation."

4. Discuss the conflict between "wets" and "drys" during the 1932 campaign and the effect on the Democratic platform.

5. Describe the violent labor strikes that took place around the country in 1934.

6. Explain how Roosevelt was finally able to collect enough delegates to make him the Democratic nominee for President in 1932.

7. Why did Secretary Wallace order the destruction of the cotton crop in 1933, and how were farmers compensated for their losses?

8. Explain what the Wagner Act of 1935 was intended to accomplish.

9. In "Over the Top," what problem did the Liberty League have with Roosevelt's administration?

10. Describe the state of the nation by the spring of 1934, as discussed in "Over the Top."

(see the answer keys)

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