Four Texts on Socrates: Plato's Euthyphro, Apology, and Crito and Aristophanes' Clouds Test | Mid-Book Test - Hard

Thomas G. West
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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What sentence does Meletus suggest for Socrates?

2. How does society react to a philosopher who tells the truth, according to Socrates?

3. Who does Euthyphro compare to himself and his father?

4. What is the overarching subject of Euthyphro?

5. According to Athenian law, is Socrates innocent or guilty of the crimes charged to him?

Short Essay Questions

1. What does the "voice" in Socrates' head tell Socrates at the end of Euthyphro? How does Socrates respond?

2. Why is Socrates charged with corrupting the youth? Why do the youth follow his philosophy and ideas?

3. What distinction does Socrates make between his own speaking style, and that of his accusers?

4. What special connection to divinity does each character in Euthyphro claim to possess?

5. Why doesn't Socrates wish to be pitied? How does this relate to the fact that he did not bring his family to court with him?

6. According to Socrates, why didn't he ever pursue politics?

7. When he is found guilty, what sentence does Socrates suggest as punishment?

8. What is Socrates' second response to the charge that he has corrupted Athens' youth?

9. What is the general attitude held by the citizens of Athens toward the characters of Euthyphro?

10. What final definition of piety is arrived at by the end of Euthyphro?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

In Apology, Socrates sets up a conflict between science and religion.

1) Why are science and religion in conflict, at least in the world of Athens, according to Socrates?

2) What danger does science pose to Athenian society? Why are scientists often accused of atheism in this society?

3) What compels Socrates to pursue trains of thought that could be said to resemble science?

4) How does Socrates, in his Apology defense, reconcile science and religion? Can the two coexist?

Essay Topic 2

Aristophanes approaches the topic of science versus religion in a different way than Plato. Discuss the nature of this difference, using specific examples from each text. To each author, what harm (if any) does science pose to a society? What is the role of religion in society? What are the dangers (if any) of religion in a society? Can the two peacefully coexist, or must they always be in conflict?

Essay Topic 3

1) What is Socrates' view on death? What reasons does he give for thinking the way he does about death?

2) In light of his view on death, why might the level of rigor of his trial defense be appropriate?

3) What does Socrates feel about his own legacy? What will his students do after he is gone?

(see the answer keys)

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