Four Texts on Socrates: Plato's Euthyphro, Apology, and Crito and Aristophanes' Clouds Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

Thomas G. West
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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Socrates claim about his relationship with his students?
(a) He has no students, and the trial is a complete farce.
(b) He makes them suffer only so he can teach them more.
(c) He has never claimed to teach, only to talk honestly.
(d) His students are all too stupid to do much damage.

2. What is Euthyphro's initial definition of piety?
(a) Piety is following the arbitrary will of the universe.
(b) Piety is what is dear to the gods.
(c) Piety is a faith to end all faiths.
(d) Piety is behaving according to a strict set of morals.

3. What does Socrates discover when he speaks with and interviews "wise men"?
(a) Wise men is where Socrates got all his knowledge from.
(b) He discovers they know nothing.
(c) They are nearly as intelligent as himself.
(d) He realized they were simply trying to get him to convert to worshiping Apollo.

4. Why is Socrates put on trial?
(a) For murder.
(b) For embezzlement.
(c) For indecent exposure.
(d) For corrupting the youth.

5. Euthyphro's definition of piety depends upon what body of stories?
(a) Greek mythology.
(b) Scandinavian mythology.
(c) Aesop's Fables.
(d) The Epic of Gilgamesh.

Short Answer Questions

1. Why is Socrates heartened about the possibility of an afterlife?

2. Why does Socrates compare himself to a subhuman pest?

3. Why did Socrates decide to worship the god that the oracle of Delphi channeled?

4. Socrates not only challenged Athenian morality but ... ?

5. What does Socrates tell his friends and supporters after his sentence is decided?

Short Essay Questions

1. When he is found guilty, what sentence does Socrates suggest as punishment?

2. What is the Euthyphro, in general terms?

3. How does Socrates relate human goodness to the first definition of piety provided in Euthyphro?

4. What is the general attitude held by the citizens of Athens toward the characters of Euthyphro?

5. What is Socrates' second response to the charge that he has corrupted Athens' youth?

6. According to Socrates, what reputation does he suffer from in Athens? How is this reputation related to Aristophanes' Clouds?

7. What is the nature of Socrates' comparing himself to Achilles? What is Socrates illustrating with this comparison?

8. How does Socrates use the concept of love to refute the initial definition of piety provided in Euthyphro?

9. According to Socrates, can wise men access objective truth? If so, how should they go about this?

10. What is the nature of the legal troubles the characters in Euthyphro are involved in?

(see the answer keys)

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