Four Texts on Socrates: Plato's Euthyphro, Apology, and Crito and Aristophanes' Clouds Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

Thomas G. West
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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What famous text succeeded in tarnishing Socrates' reputation, dealing him a blow in his trial?
(a) Apology.
(b) Medea.
(c) Crito.
(d) The Clouds.

2. Why does Socrates compare himself to a subhuman pest?
(a) He wakes up the Athenian people.
(b) He is always underfoot.
(c) He is small but dangerous.
(d) It takes more than poison to kill him.

3. What does Socrates believe is the central question of life?
(a) What is the meaning of piety?
(b) How does one acquire knowledge?
(c) What is it all for?
(d) How should one live one's life?

4. According to Socrates, what is dangerous about the conclusion that human good is related to what is dear to the gods?
(a) Human good is only separated from human evil by a hair.
(b) The gods may hate humans, making this conclusion suspect.
(c) Any conclusion about human good should include societal values.
(d) The gods are unknowable, making this conclusion merely speculative.

5. What is Socrates' general attitude toward the citizens of Athens?
(a) Jealous.
(b) Challenging.
(c) Friendly.
(d) Murderous.

Short Answer Questions

1. Why does the dialogue in Euthyphro end?

2. At the end of Apology, what is Socrates' opinion on death?

3. According to Socrates, the philosopher who tells the truth ... ?

4. According to Socrates, what gives him the right to challenge society, in Apology?

5. Which is the first of three Socratic dialogues written by Plato?

Short Essay Questions

1. Why is Socrates charged with corrupting the youth? Why do the youth follow his philosophy and ideas?

2. What second definition of piety is offered by Euthyphro in Euthyphro?

3. What does Socrates believe is the standard of good living to most Athenians? What is his response to this standard?

4. What distinction does Socrates make between his own speaking style, and that of his accusers?

5. What is the Euthyphro, in general terms?

6. What final definition of piety is arrived at by the end of Euthyphro?

7. Is Socrates innocent or guilty of the charges against him, in the eyes of Athens and its legal system?

8. What is the nature of Socrates' comparing himself to Achilles? What is Socrates illustrating with this comparison?

9. How does Euthyphro respond to Socrates' counter of his second definition of piety? What is the result of the conversation?

10. According to Socrates, what reputation does he suffer from in Athens? How is this reputation related to Aristophanes' Clouds?

(see the answer keys)

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