Four Texts on Socrates: Plato's Euthyphro, Apology, and Crito and Aristophanes' Clouds Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

Thomas G. West
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Euthyphro's definition of piety depends upon what body of stories?
(a) Aesop's Fables.
(b) The Epic of Gilgamesh.
(c) Greek mythology.
(d) Scandinavian mythology.

2. According to Euthyphro, when the Athenian people are pious, what happens?
(a) The gods shun them.
(b) The gods reward them.
(c) They feel better and work harder, with or without the gods.
(d) Neighboring Sparta suffers illness and death.

3. What does Socrates have Euthyphro agree about, in regards to love?
(a) Love is the mutual lack of disrespect between two people.
(b) Love always depends on exactly three parties.
(c) Things that are loved, are loved because they are loved by someone.
(d) Love, like the top of Mount Olympus, can never truly be known.

4. Who does Socrates believe speaks to him, as expressed in Euthyphro?
(a) Zeus.
(b) A being known as "the god."
(c) His deceased wife.
(d) Plato.

5. What does Socrates say about death and the divine voice in his head?
(a) His divine voice has told him terrible things about the afterlife.
(b) His divine voice will die with him, and that is truly a tragedy.
(c) If death was a bad thing, his divine voice would have objected to his trial.
(d) His divine voice has assured him he will be with Zeus in heaven.

6. What did the oracle at Delphi tell Socrates?
(a) He will die as a result of his trial.
(b) He is the most ignorant of all men.
(c) He is extremely handsome.
(d) He is the wisest of all men.

7. What is Socrates' general attitude toward the citizens of Athens?
(a) Murderous.
(b) Friendly.
(c) Challenging.
(d) Jealous.

8. According to Athenian law, is Socrates innocent or guilty of the crimes charged to him?
(a) Guilty; though he believes in Zeus, he hates the god rather than loves him.
(b) Guilty; he fits the definition of corruption set out in Athenian law.
(c) Innocent; Socrates is guilty of corruption, but that is not a crime in Athenian law.
(d) Innocent; there is no evidence to support the charges.

9. Which god does Euthyphro admire above all others?
(a) Hephaestus.
(b) Apollo.
(c) Hera.
(d) Zeus.

10. What ultimate sentence is handed down by the jury?
(a) Death by hanging.
(b) Death by poison.
(c) Life imprisonment.
(d) A fine.

11. What emotion did Socrates stir in the jury by his suggestion of a punishment?
(a) Admiration.
(b) Laughter.
(c) Thoughtfulness.
(d) Anger.

12. What is Euthyphro's initial definition of piety?
(a) Piety is what is dear to the gods.
(b) Piety is a faith to end all faiths.
(c) Piety is behaving according to a strict set of morals.
(d) Piety is following the arbitrary will of the universe.

13. Which is NOT one of the insults lodged against Socrates by the citizens of Athens?
(a) He teaches about Zeus much too often.
(b) He is always off in his own world, thinking abstract thoughts.
(c) He is a busybody.
(d) He questions the gods through science.

14. According to Socrates, what gives him the right to challenge society, in Apology?
(a) The power of his intellect.
(b) The power of his friendships.
(c) Devotion to his god.
(d) The politicians.

15. Which is the first of three Socratic dialogues written by Plato?
(a) The Clouds.
(b) Apology.
(c) Crito.
(d) Euthyphro.

Short Answer Questions

1. How many speeches did Socrates give in his defense during his trial in Athens?

2. In regards to corrupting youth, what solution does Socrates see for correcting his tendencies?

3. What is Euthyphro's profession?

4. Why does the Athenian community treat Euthyphro with contempt and derision?

5. What is the name for Athens' hall of heroes?

(see the answer keys)

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