Four Texts on Socrates: Plato's Euthyphro, Apology, and Crito and Aristophanes' Clouds Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

Thomas G. West
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What is Socrates' stance on political activity?
(a) He heartily engages in politics.
(b) He refrains from any political activity.
(c) He believes a supreme dictator is what's needed in Greece.
(d) He only participates in politics at the request of his friends.

2. How does Socrates characterize the normal Athenian's pursuit of the good life?
(a) A fight for justice.
(b) The search for beauty.
(c) Apolitical charity.
(d) Manly self-assertion.

3. Who is Socrates' prosecutor in his trial?
(a) Meletus.
(b) Euthyphro.
(c) Crito.
(d) Kronos.

4. Why does Euthyphro decide to end his conversation with Socrates?
(a) Euthyphro was personally insulted after Socrates mentioned his father.
(b) He is frustrated at the logical traps Socrates has put him in.
(c) Euthyphro successfully argued his case, and emerged victorious.
(d) Socrates has become belligerent and angry.

5. What does Socrates claim about his relationship with his students?
(a) He has no students, and the trial is a complete farce.
(b) He has never claimed to teach, only to talk honestly.
(c) His students are all too stupid to do much damage.
(d) He makes them suffer only so he can teach them more.

6. What sentence does Socrates' friends beg for him to choose?
(a) Death by beheading, as it is the quickest way.
(b) Imprisonment of one year.
(c) One year of community service.
(d) A fine.

7. According to Euthyphro, when the Athenian people are pious, what happens?
(a) The gods shun them.
(b) Neighboring Sparta suffers illness and death.
(c) The gods reward them.
(d) They feel better and work harder, with or without the gods.

8. How should one seeking meaning in life, according to Socrates?
(a) By asking good friends for advice.
(b) By dulling one's senses with drugs and alcohol.
(c) By considering a set of ideals, which one can use to compare to one's own life.
(d) By obeying the will of the gods.

9. Why is "true speech" often not persuasive?
(a) No one wants to hear the truth about how ugly they are.
(b) True speech is often delivered by politicians, who are always at odds with citizens.
(c) It is so elegant that everyone falls in love with the words, failing to see the truthful content.
(d) It is hard to properly present.

10. Which is the first of three Socratic dialogues written by Plato?
(a) Crito.
(b) Euthyphro.
(c) Apology.
(d) The Clouds.

11. What is Socrates' first defense against the charge that he is corrupting youth?
(a) He has no hand in making laws, which is what truly corrupts youth.
(b) He had only talked with elderly people at his school.
(c) If love is a crime, Socrates is guilty as charged.
(d) Youth is made for corruption; only later in life does one find morality.

12. According to Athenian law, is Socrates innocent or guilty of the crimes charged to him?
(a) Innocent; there is no evidence to support the charges.
(b) Guilty; he fits the definition of corruption set out in Athenian law.
(c) Innocent; Socrates is guilty of corruption, but that is not a crime in Athenian law.
(d) Guilty; though he believes in Zeus, he hates the god rather than loves him.

13. Why are many scientists accused of atheism, according to Socrates?
(a) Scientists will not accept religious explanations for things.
(b) They have never been properly exposed to religious concepts.
(c) It is yet another lie perpetrated by Meletus.
(d) Scientists must disavow Zeus in order to be admitted as a scientist.

14. How does Socrates display his piety?
(a) He reminds all his students to pray at the shrine of Hera.
(b) He worships the god that the oracle of Delphi worships.
(c) He attempts to read the stars, in order to become closer to the heavens.
(d) He makes regular sacrifices to Zeus.

15. Why does Socrates compare himself to a subhuman pest?
(a) He is small but dangerous.
(b) It takes more than poison to kill him.
(c) He is always underfoot.
(d) He wakes up the Athenian people.

Short Answer Questions

1. What topic does Socrates discuss to dismantle Euthyphro's initial definition of piety?

2. What does Socrates tell the jury after his sentence is decided?

3. Euthyphro covers which section of Socrates' legal ordeal?

4. According to Socrates, why would political life be dangerous for him?

5. According to Socrates, what is dangerous about the conclusion that human good is related to what is dear to the gods?

(see the answer keys)

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