Chapter abstracts are short descriptions of events that occur in each chapter. They highlight major plot events and detail the important relationships and characteristics of characters and objects. The Chapter Abstracts can be used to review what the students have read, or to prepare the students for what they will read. Hand the abstracts out in class as a study guide, or use them as a "key" for a class discussion. They are relatively brief, but can serve to be an excellent refresher of the text for either a student or teacher.
Introduction: The Mystery of the Maps Abstract
* Ancient maps show Antarctica to have once been a temperate zone.
* The Earth's crust displaced it to the Antarctic polar ice-cap.
* A lost civilization may be buried under two miles of glacial ice.
Foam of the Sea: Peru and Bolivia Abstract
* The Admiral Piri Reis map from 1513 AD shows...
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