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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Which of these concerns did NOT burden Emerson in 1847?
(a) Health problems.
(b) Family matters.
(c) Financial problems.
(d) Endless obligations.
2. What was the subject of Emerson's speech at Dartmouth?
(a) The debt Americans owed to Britain.
(b) The inadequacy of American creativity.
(c) The superiority of American literature to British poetry.
(d) The danger of contamination by British thought.
3. In what way did Emerson try to form a commune?
(a) He tried to interest others in buying shares in land to farm communally.
(b) He moved to Brook Farm part-time.
(c) He helped utopianists make their plans for communes in New York.
(d) He tried to get friends to move to his neighborhood.
4. What does Richardson say were Emerson's feelings about marriage?
(a) He thought marriages should allow partners their sexual freedom.
(b) He thought it was a form of imprisonment.
(c) He thought it was the bedrock of civilization.
(d) He criticized the institution.
5. How does Richardson characterize Sufism?
(a) Eastern Pragmatism.
(b) As the first building block of all subsequent religions.
(c) Not a religion but religion.
(d) As the first modern religion.
6. How many lectures did Emerson give over five months, in "Fame?"
7. What took Emerson to New York?
(a) Travel for pleasure.
(d) Utopian schemes.
8. With what view of Emerson's did his friends disagree, according to Richardson?
(a) His positive view of Indian removal.
(b) His focus on writing above all else.
(c) His positive view of business.
(d) His isolationism.
9. By what work of Emerson's was Jones Very impassioned?
(c) The American Scholar.
(d) The Divinity School Address.
10. What does Emerson try to connect ecstasy to in his essay on ecstasy?
11. What did Lidian name her first daughter?
12. What did Emerson begin to write about after returning to America?
(a) The realizations he had in the Paris Jardin des Plantes.
(b) His trip to England.
(c) Getting older and facing death.
(d) The political events he witnessed.
13. What did Emerson witness in Europe?
(a) Revolutions in England and France.
(b) Modern warfare.
(c) Famine and poverty.
(d) Severe economic crisis.
14. What event threw Emerson into despair in 1840?
(a) The death of Mary Moody Emerson.
(b) The death of his son Waldo.
(c) The death of his brother Charles.
(d) Lidian's illness.
15. What does Richardson say motivated Emerson's feelings about Brook Farm?
(a) Reticence about group enterprises.
(b) Difference of opinion with Ripley.
(c) Fear of intimacy.
(d) Aversion to financial risk.
Short Answer Questions
1. How does Richardson characterize 1844 in Emerson's life?
2. What political contest was becoming serious after Emerson's return from Europe?
3. On what theme did Emerson's letters and journals begin to focus after Margaret Fuller's death?
4. What idea of the author's does Richardson say Emerson followed "surprisingly far?"
5. To what cause does Richardson attribute Emerson's moodiness in advance of his trip to Europe?
This section contains 495 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)