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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Richardson say Emerson found in Whitman?
(a) The great modern poet America needed.
(b) His successor.
(c) A poet to measure himself against.
(d) The fulfillment of his philosophy.
2. Which of Emerson's friendships was tested on Emerson's return from Europe?
3. With whom did Emerson take walks after returning from Europe?
(a) Margaret Fuller.
(b) Henry David Thoreau.
(c) His children.
(d) Ellery Channing.
4. With what point of Goethe's did Emerson conclude his lectures on great men?
(a) That we must put what we know into practice.
(b) That we must find the middle path between action and meditation.
(c) That we have to honor tradition even as we innovate.
(d) That the times had changed, and human life would be something new from this point.
5. Why did Emerson take over editorship of "The Dial?"
(a) The other editors asked Margaret Fuller to step down.
(b) The other editors asked Emerson to take over.
(c) Margaret Fuller resigned.
(d) It was Emerson's turn.
6. What world literature did Emerson include in "The Dial?"
(c) Accounts of ecstatic religious experiences.
7. What event threw Emerson into despair in 1840?
(a) The death of his brother Charles.
(b) The death of Mary Moody Emerson.
(c) The death of his son Waldo.
(d) Lidian's illness.
8. What was Emerson's response to the invitation to join Brook Farm?
(a) He declined.
(b) He delayed.
(c) He joined.
(d) He never responded, but let the matter fall.
9. What did Emerson become interested in after discovering Hafiz?
(b) Asian history.
(c) The progress of history.
(d) Prints and music.
10. In what cause did Emerson involve himself?
(a) Preventing Cruelty to Animals.
(b) Women's suffrage.
(c) Indian affairs.
11. What theme does Richardson say Emerson began to write about as he turned forty?
(a) Political resistance.
12. How does Richardson characterize Emerson's career as a lecturer?
(a) A bother and source of dismay.
(b) Taxing but enjoyable.
(c) The fulfillment of his ministerial personality.
(d) A distraction from his writing.
13. In what way did many of Emerson's friends affect him in the 1860s and 70s?
(a) By dying before him.
(b) By celebrating his accomplishments.
(c) By leaving him over time.
(d) By introducing him to new friends.
14. By what work of Emerson's was Jones Very impassioned?
(b) The American Scholar.
(d) The Divinity School Address.
15. What does Richardson say were Emerson's feelings about marriage?
(a) He criticized the institution.
(b) He thought marriages should allow partners their sexual freedom.
(c) He thought it was the bedrock of civilization.
(d) He thought it was a form of imprisonment.
Short Answer Questions
1. Whose coffin did Emerson open toward the end of his life?
2. How many lectures did Emerson give over five months, in "Fame?"
3. How did Emerson's views on individuality and idealism respond to the immense cultural changes of the 1840s, according to Richardson?
4. How does Richardson characterize Emerson's feeling about the essay "The Poet?"
5. What brought Emerson to Europe?
This section contains 530 words
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