|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. That summer what area do Marcus and Esca crisscross?
2. How do Marcus and Esca get to the wall?
3. When do Marcus and Esca return to Calleva?
4. What is the result of the answer to question 164?
5. Why does Liathan give Marcus a gift?
Short Essay Questions
1. When Liathan accuses Marcus of deceiving the Epidaii how does Marcus respond?
2. What does the Legate say about the Ninth Legion and what to do with the Eagle?
3. Why did Marcus and Esca hope to find the holy place? Who accidentally helped them and why?
4. What did Liathan give Marcus and why?
5. Why do you think the Eagle is so important to both Rome and the Epidaii?
6. Why is Esca particularly valuable to the two for selling the horses and how does Marcus use that?
7. What does Esca demonstrate by staying with Marcus and helping to search for the Eagle?
8. What does Marcus urge Guern to do and why does he say no?
9. What might be the symbolism of Cub's not eating in relationship to Marcus and Esca?
10. Why did Guern say he finally left the legion?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Esca proves his loyalty to Marcus by offering to die in his place. Esca is a member of the Painted People, enemies of the Roman Legions. His entire family was killed fighting for their freedom against the Roman Empire. Yet, Esca has found in Marcus, a young Roman Centurion, the closest friendship. His love and loyalty for Marcus are so great that Esca is willing to abandon the remnants of his clan and die for Marcus. Again, Sutcliff uses Esca's plight to suggest that the under classes were born to sacrifice themselves on behalf of the rulers, in Britain as well as in the Roman Empire.
How do you think this class hierarchy in ancient Rome relates to present day class divisions?
Essay Topic 2
Esca argues that the price of Roman order has been too high. He shows Marcus a Celtic shield boss, with a pattern that flows like wind and stars across the front. Esca contrasts it with the neat, orderly embossed decoration of Marcus's own dagger sheath. Marcus understands that the two represent two different worlds. He hopes that with Esca and Cottia, he will be able to bridge the gap between them.
The dagger sheath symbolizes the Roman way of life. It is a well-ordered, conventional and moderately comfortable existence that demands absolute conformity. The shield boss symbolizes the life of the Celtic tribesmen, free, in tune with natural rhythms and expressive, if sometimes uncertain. Marcus realizes that the two represent very different worlds, which are unlikely ever to peacefully coexist. This comparison evokes a major conflict of the novel, the clash of cultures between the Roman Empire and the Celtic tribes.
Do you think two cultures as different as early Britain and ancient Rome can co-exist along side each other? Which culture would you favor and why?
Essay Topic 3
What do you see are the differences and similarities between Marcus and Esca? Discuss their values, personalities, approaches to problems and values.
This section contains 1,294 words
(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page)