|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Which is an example of too much focus on efficiency?
2. What happens when garbage is incinerated?
3. Which words best describe how people view nature during the Industrial Revolution?
4. What is the authors' point in opening the introduction by discussing common household products?
5. Why is the Titanic a good metaphor for the industrial age?
Short Essay Questions
1. Describe how early industrialists considered nature and the environment.
2. What do both Bill and Michael conclude about trying to improve products and industry?
3. Explain how recycling is problematic and a poor solution to positive design.
4. Describe why many materials cannot be recycled into a product of equal quality as the original material.
5. Describe Bill's experience in Jordan as a student and what he is inspired by.
6. Explain how recycling is really downcycling.
7. Explain the focus and attitude of the Industrial Revolution.
8. Describe the negative consequences the Industrial Revolution has on the environment and human health.
9. Describe the arguments against the Industrial Revolution throughout its history.
10. Describe why books are traditionally difficult to recycle and how this book itself is a more positive design.
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
The authors describe five steps to putting eco-effectiveness into practice. Write summary of how to accomplish these five steps if you are a product designer.
Essay Topic 2
Describe the reconstruction design and accomplishments of Ford's River Ridge factory in Dearborn, Michigan. Cover the following points in your writing.
1. Explain how is water used and maintained in and around the factory.
2. Describe how the design is meant to make workers feel.
3. Describe how the design meets the authors' goals of putting eco-effectiveness into practice.
Essay Topic 3
Industry, government, and consumers are all responsible for putting eco-effectiveness into practice. Explain how each group can contribute to putting eco-effectiveness into practice, and define the responsibilities of people in each group to support eco-effective designs.
This section contains 1,008 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)