|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. The Industrial Revolution functions on the idea of brute force. What is meant by this phrase as used by the authors?
(a) Develop the product so that it is consumed by environmental forces.
(b) Weaken the product so that it is safer for consumers.
(c) Force the product to work under specific circumstances only.
(d) Add more strength to the product so that it works under any circumstance despite the consequences.
2. What is an example of Bill and Michael's unique ideas for design?
(a) A computer that runs on refillable corn oil fuel.
(b) A biodegradable soda bottle with a seed implanted in it.
(c) A chair made entirely of wood products.
(d) A miniature solar panel that can power an entire house.
3. What is ecological chemistry?
(a) The use of chemicals that are dangerous to humans but good for the environment.
(b) The study of toxic chemicals produced by animals.
(c) The exploitation of natural chemicals in manufacturing.
(d) The development or use of chemicals that are safe for the environment.
4. Who should be responsible for creating products that support the Earth?
(b) Designers and manufacturers.
5. What do the authors claim is the key problem in recycling products?
(a) The energy spent in recycling is always decreasing.
(b) More chemicals and energy must be used in recycling products than in creating new ones.
(c) More people prefer new products to recycled ones.
(d) The chemicals used in recycling are consumer-friendly.
6. Why are pesticides and herbicides commonly used on crops?
(a) To attract insects to pollinate crops.
(b) To force crops to grow faster.
(c) To eliminate weeds and unwanted insects from crops.
(d) To slow crop growth.
7. How must ink be removed from paper in order to recycle the paper?
(a) Very expensive chemicals must be used to remove inks.
(b) The paper must be bleached.
(c) Paper cannot be recycled.
(d) Inks can be removed with hot water and soap.
8. How does the Exxon Valdez oil spill result in an economic advantage to some companies?
(a) Local citizen groups raise money by helping with the clean up.
(b) Companies that invest in Exxon Valdez increase profits.
(c) Chemical companies decrease sales in cleaning products.
(d) Companies that are associated with the cleanup process increase profits.
9. Which statement best describes the general goal of the Industrial Revolution?
(a) Increase production to decrease numbers of workers.
(b) Produce higher quality products.
(c) Increase prices so there is less demand for products.
(d) Produce more products to make more money.
10. What phrase do the authors use to describe the attitude during the Industrial Revolution?
(a) Cradle to grave.
(b) Grave to cradle.
(c) Grave to grave.
(d) Cradle to cradle.
11. What is a potential problem associated with pesticide and herbicide use?
(a) Their production is very cheap.
(b) Their chemicals can be recycled.
(c) Their toxins build up in the environment.
(d) Their gases can be very explosive.
12. The authors claim that too much efficiency can result in what?
(b) Energy loss.
(c) Quality products.
13. What do the authors mean by designing products for worst-case scenarios?
(a) Making products so that they never wear out.
(b) Making products that are recyclable.
(c) Making products so that they work in the most difficult of circumstances.
(d) Making products that work only in ideal circumstances.
14. Which words best describes a material that has been downcycled?
(a) Intelligent and elegant.
(b) Quality and efficient.
(c) Organic and beneficial.
(d) Inferior and inefficient.
15. What is the authors' point for why import laws need to be changed?
(a) Because they over-tax products that are made from animals.
(b) Because they permit the import of goods whose manufacturing process is environmentally unsound.
(c) Because they allow the import of goods that are of very low quality but a lower price than American products.
(d) Because they are hurting the economy.
Short Answer Questions
1. What is one problem with recycled paper?
2. Why are car parts difficult to recycle?
3. What is the problem with recycling as we know it?
4. What are the Romantic writers inspired by?
5. Why is eco-efficiency not possible as stated by the author?
This section contains 820 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)