|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Why is eco-efficiency not possible as stated by the author?
(a) It is not possible to meet the demands of commerce and use less resources and create less toxic materials at the same time.
(b) It is not possible to create an industry that makes money off the environment.
(c) It is impossible to design a product that is 100 percent beneficial to the environment.
(d) It is impossible to use materials in a resourceful way and make products consumers want.
2. What words best describe the environment that Michael grows up in?
3. What do the authors mean by designing products for worst-case scenarios?
(a) Making products that work only in ideal circumstances.
(b) Making products that are recyclable.
(c) Making products so that they never wear out.
(d) Making products so that they work in the most difficult of circumstances.
4. What has been the result of more and more efficient factories?
(a) Better product designs.
(b) More pleasant work environments for factory workers.
(c) More production of recyclable products.
(d) More contamination in local areas.
5. What is the main goal of industry?
(a) Design efficient products that are expensive.
(b) Create materials that use exclusively natural resources.
(c) Reduce consumer spending and make more eco-efficient products.
(d) Increase profit and reduce production costs.
6. Why are pesticides and herbicides commonly used on crops?
(a) To force crops to grow faster.
(b) To slow crop growth.
(c) To attract insects to pollinate crops.
(d) To eliminate weeds and unwanted insects from crops.
7. What does Bill finally realize about design?
(a) That it is more than trying to overcome bad things.
(b) That it is an impossible task.
(c) That it is the wrong career for him.
(d) That it is a poor business if you want to make money.
8. Which is an example of a material that is downcycled?
(a) The book itself.
(b) Gold jewelry.
(c) Dead organic matter.
(d) Aluminum cans.
9. Approximately how many chemicals are in use by industry today?
10. What word do the authors use as a realistic alternative to the word "recycling"?
11. What product do the authors use as an example of designing for specific instead of general use?
12. Which product is NOT considered dangerous in the environment?
(a) A computer.
(b) Printer toner.
(c) A chair.
(d) Coffee grounds.
13. What is ecological chemistry?
(a) The study of toxic chemicals produced by animals.
(b) The development or use of chemicals that are safe for the environment.
(c) The use of chemicals that are dangerous to humans but good for the environment.
(d) The exploitation of natural chemicals in manufacturing.
14. What is eco-efficiency?
(a) Giving industry control.
(b) Expanding ecology and business.
(c) Taking more from the environment.
(d) Getting more from less.
15. Which statement is NOT an example of recycling as we know it?
(a) Making new backpacks out of old milk cartons.
(b) Collecting rain water for household use.
(c) Melting old soda bottles to make new carpet.
(d) Converting old books to new printer paper.
Short Answer Questions
1. All of the following are examples of crude products as defined by the author, except...
2. What do the authors claim is the key problem in recycling products?
3. What is the goal of Germany's Green Party?
4. Which word describes how industry views efficiency?
5. Where does Bill go to study?
This section contains 602 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)