|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What typically happens when materials are downcycled?
(a) Materials are mixed with other materials to produce a product of lesser quality.
(b) Materials are reconstructed to be of better quality.
(c) Materials are recycled in a more energy-efficient process.
(d) Materials are resold at a discount to consumers.
2. What are the Romantic writers inspired by?
3. What does Paul Erlich write about?
(a) The positive influence of industry on consumers.
(b) The global consequences of recycling.
(c) The possibility of government control over industry.
(d) The negative consequences of overpopulation and rampant production.
4. Why would designers create products that wear out in a certain amount of time?
(a) So that factories never had to change products.
(b) So that they did not have to close factories.
(c) So that consumers would have to continue to purchase new products.
(d) So that landfills did not get too full.
5. What are some unique properties of ink used in printing this book?
(a) The ink itself is nontoxic and easy to wash off with nontoxic chemicals.
(b) The ink is made in the U.S.
(c) The ink itself is recyclable.
(d) The ink is made with new color technology.
6. Why is goat hair a good material for the Bedouin tents?
(a) Because goat hair is a good insulator but hard to find.
(b) Because Bedouins have a constant source of this environmentally friendly material.
(c) Because Bedouins like tents that are heavy.
(d) Because Bedouins hate goats.
7. When can PVC, a commonly used plastic in children's playground equipment, be toxic?
(a) When consumed.
(b) When exposed to carbon dioxide.
(c) When heated to high temperatures.
(d) When frequently touched or rubbed on the skin.
8. What is Silent Spring to educate the public about specifically?
(a) The difficulties in recycling organic materials.
(b) The dangers of DDT in the environment.
(c) The Industrial Revolution and its destruction of a romantic society.
(d) The harmony between industry and society.
9. What is the goal of Bill and Michael's new company?
(a) Use models from nature to create healthy, happy design.
(b) Create chemicals for the recycling industry.
(c) Make a new industry on exploiting the natural environment.
(d) Give ideas to manufacturing companies on "less bad" design.
10. What is one problem with recycled paper?
(a) It contains a higher level of toxins after the recycling process.
(b) It still contains the ink marks from the original paper.
(c) It has stains from the bleaching process.
(d) It can cause blindness if consumed in large quantities.
11. What is an example of Bill and Michael's unique ideas for design?
(a) A computer that runs on refillable corn oil fuel.
(b) A chair made entirely of wood products.
(c) A miniature solar panel that can power an entire house.
(d) A biodegradable soda bottle with a seed implanted in it.
12. What happens when garbage is incinerated?
(a) It becomes a more useful material.
(b) It releases many toxic chemicals into the air.
(c) It is compacted into smaller areas.
(d) It is easier to recycle.
13. Why are car parts difficult to recycle?
(a) It is almost impossible to disassemble the body parts.
(b) It is very difficult to melt down steel.
(c) It is difficult to separate paint from car body parts, so it is impossible to recover the steel.
(d) The body parts have many toxic chemicals that are dangerous in the recycling process.
14. Why is eco-efficiency not possible as stated by the author?
(a) It is impossible to use materials in a resourceful way and make products consumers want.
(b) It is not possible to meet the demands of commerce and use less resources and create less toxic materials at the same time.
(c) It is impossible to design a product that is 100 percent beneficial to the environment.
(d) It is not possible to create an industry that makes money off the environment.
15. What is a potential problem associated with pesticide and herbicide use?
(a) Their production is very cheap.
(b) Their chemicals can be recycled.
(c) Their toxins build up in the environment.
(d) Their gases can be very explosive.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Bill finally realize about design?
2. What is eco-efficiency?
3. What does Michael chose for a professional career?
4. What toxic chemical is included in the production of plastic water bottles?
5. Which of the following is not a goal of eco-efficiency?
This section contains 748 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)