|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What is Xenophon confused by in the first subsection of Book 1?
2. What does Socrates argue no one has done because of him?
3. Why does the Editor present Socrates Defense first?
4. What does Xenophon argue Socrates could not lead people to do?
5. What did Socrates not encourage his students to do?
Short Essay Questions
1. Why is Memoirs of Socrates hard to date? What does the editor believe about the validity of the piece?
2. In subsection 1 of Chapter 2, Book 1, what does Xenophon say about Socrates in defense of the charges that he worshiped different gods than the state and introduced new deities?
3. How is the anecdote about Critias and Alebiades used to prove that Socrates did not have a negative effect on the youth?
4. What were the main charges that Socrates was accused of at his trial?
5. What does Xenophon note at the opening of Socrates' defense, and whom does he cite as an important source of information?
6. According to Xenophon why was Socrates convicted, and how was his fate appropriate?
7. How does Xenophon define the concept to the "true good" in Chapter 2, Book 1?
8. What type of friends does Socrates tell Cristobulus that he should set to acquire?
9. Why doesn't Socrates prepare for his defense before the trial?
10. How does Socrates' conversation with Aristippus illustrate that he encouraged his friends to be self-disciplined with regard to their bodily desires?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
How is Xenophon's "Conversations of Socrates" similar to and different from Plato's "Apology"? Why do these two works warrant a comparison at all?
Essay Topic 2
Choose one of the main themes in this book (charges against Socrates, Socrates' virtue, true good, love and responsibility) and detail its recurrences throughout the book. What does it add to the story? How does it affect the different individuals?
Essay Topic 3
What is the purpose of the editor beginning this collection of Socratic dialogues with Socrates' Defense?
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