Conversations of Socrates Short Essay - Answer Key

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1. Why does the editor present Socrates' defense first in this collection of Socratic dialogues?

The editor chose to place Socrates' defense in this collection first because he believes it is Xenophon's earliest Socratic dialogue. It also allows the reader to compare Socrates' trial to Plato's.

2. According to the editor how does Xenophon's "Conversations of Socrates" compare to Plato's "Apology"?

Plato's work is a far superior document according to the editor. It is more eloquent and humorous than Conversations of Socrates, and it is taught by a better philosopher.

3. What were the main charges that Socrates was accused of at his trial?

Socrates faced charges of not recognizing the gods of the state and corrupting the young. He is also charged with introducing new deities at his trial.

4. What does Xenophon note at the opening of Socrates' defense, and whom does he cite as an important source of information?

At the beginning of the defense Xenophon feels it is worthy to note that Socrates thought about his defense only when he was summoned for the trial. Xenophon lists Hipponicus, who is a friend of Socrates, as a vital source of information.

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