Consilience: The Unity of Knowledge Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What did all Enlightenment thinkers have in common, according to Wilson?
(a) A sense of historical purpose.
(b) Faith in God.
(c) Scientific methods.
(d) Literary methods.

2. What does Edmund Wilson credit human nature with altering?
(a) Epigenetic rules.
(b) Language.
(c) Technological influences.
(d) The environment.

3. What explanation does Wilson offer for incest taboos?
(a) Incest undermines primogeniture.
(b) Incest creates unrest in a culture.
(c) Incest predisposes cultures to avoid war.
(d) Incest relationships create genetic defects.

4. What does Edmund Wilson say is the logic behind consilience?
(a) Interdependence of art and humanities.
(b) Generation of science by art.
(c) Mutual interpretation of arts and sciences.
(d) Interpretation of art by science.

5. How many disorders are caused by genes?
(a) 120,000.
(b) 120.
(c) 1,200.
(d) 12,000.

Short Answer Questions

1. What problem does Wilson attribute to failures in the social sciences?

2. What is gene-culture evolution?

3. How do hereditarians see the evolution of culture?

4. What does Wilson say about the complexity of the social sciences?

5. What statistic shows the strength of the transcendental view, in Edmund Wilson's account?

Short Essay Questions

1. How do the senses function as epi-genetic rules?

2. What is the fundamental assumption behind consilience?

3. What are the two branches of anthropology Wilson describes, and what question does he say they both fail to answer?

4. What is the purpose of the social sciences, and how does Wilson distinguish the social sciences from the physical social sciences?

5. How does Wilson describe the universality of art?

6. Where does ethics come from, in E.O. Wilson's account?

7. What social problems does Wilson say are caused by failures in social sciences?

8. How do social factors influence genetic distribution?

9. What is the consilient view of religious ethics?

10. What ethical perspective does Wilson call the empiricist view?

(see the answer keys)

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