Consilience: The Unity of Knowledge Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What causes economic theories to fail, in Edmund Wilson's estimation?
(a) Aloofness from the social environment.
(b) Lack of integration with psychology.
(c) Lack of integration with religion.
(d) Reliance on statistical analysis instead of creative synthesis.

2. How does Transcendentalism validate ethics?
(a) It ascribes natural law to God's will.
(b) It describes the individual as the source of all morality.
(c) It locates the moral reasoning in God, which is to say in everything.
(d) It treats the conscience as evidence of innate morality.

3. What does status give a man power to do, in Edmund Wilson's account?
(a) Have more offspring.
(b) Have more wives.
(c) Have more influence.
(d) Have more money.

4. What problem does Wilson attribute to failures in the social sciences?
(a) Failure to regulate industry.
(b) Failure to remedy the inequality between the classes.
(c) Failure to foresee the collapse of the welfare state.
(d) Failure to react to environmental disasters.

5. What explanation does Wilson offer for incest taboos?
(a) Incest creates unrest in a culture.
(b) Incest predisposes cultures to avoid war.
(c) Incest relationships create genetic defects.
(d) Incest undermines primogeniture.

6. How does the empiricist view ethical reasoning?
(a) As a series of choices.
(b) As a series of innate contradictions.
(c) As a series or rejections of childish language.
(d) As a series of struggles within the self.

7. Wilson defines culture in terms of what?
(a) Language.
(b) Environment.
(c) Genes.
(d) Religion.

8. What is the danger of volitional evolution, in Edmund Wilson's account?
(a) People can become less human.
(b) Pandemics can be created.
(c) Sea levels can rise.
(d) Populations can be eradicated.

9. What is the problem with sociology, in Edmund Wilson's estimation?
(a) It relies on untrustworthy models for its measurements.
(b) It is grounded in badly-understood genetic science.
(c) It avoids analysis.
(d) It is founded in statistics.

10. How does Edmund Wilson describe the current era of economics?
(a) As the era of statistical analysis.
(b) As the era of supply and demand.
(c) As the Era of Model Building.
(d) As the era of international debt.

11. How does Transcendentalism justify war, in Edmund Wilson's account?
(a) Each side relies on unifying logic.
(b) Each side describes their cause as sacred.
(c) Each side poses as protecting an individual's rights.
(d) Each side refers to nature for their authority to fight.

12. How many billion people live in absolute poverty, at the time of Wilson's writing?
(a) Two.
(b) One.
(c) One half.
(d) One and a half.

13. What does Edmund Wilson say the arts ultimately create?
(a) Religion.
(b) Rituals and consistency.
(c) Science.
(d) Consilience.

14. What did all Enlightenment thinkers have in common, according to Wilson?
(a) Faith in God.
(b) A sense of historical purpose.
(c) Literary methods.
(d) Scientific methods.

15. What role does Wilson ascribe to human nature?
(a) Changing how genes create environments.
(b) Connecting genes to nature.
(c) Changing what genetic expressions mean.
(d) Changing how language expresses genetics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What is the social cost of violating the incest taboo?

2. What does natural consilience connect?

3. What is kin selection?

4. What consequence does Wilson describe to technological advancement?

5. What do modern technologies give humans the ability to choose?

(see the answer keys)

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