Consilience: The Unity of Knowledge Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Who does Wilson offer as evidence of thinkers affected by the concept of natural rights?
(a) Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
(b) Benjamin Franklin.
(c) Robespierre.
(d) Thomas Jefferson.

2. How, in Edmund Wilson's account, was moral reasoning affected by natural science?
(a) Natural laws helped establish social laws.
(b) Natural laws clarified the location of the moral sense.
(c) Natural law created natural rights.
(d) Natural laws dispelled taboos.

3. What consequence does Wilson describe to technological advancement?
(a) Economic inequality.
(b) Environmental damage.
(c) Racial discrimination.
(d) Unprecedented access to knowledge.

4. What does Edmund Wilson say cultures are made of?
(a) Groups of language users.
(b) The highest expressions of symbolic language in art.
(c) Genetic pools.
(d) Linked compositions of myths and symbols.

5. What does Edmund Wilson credit human nature with altering?
(a) Language.
(b) Technological influences.
(c) Epigenetic rules.
(d) The environment.

6. What do the arts need science for?
(a) To stimulate interpretation.
(b) To demonstrate the truth of artistic visions.
(c) To fulfill artistic prophecies.
(d) To test artistic theories.

7. How does Transcendentalism validate ethics?
(a) It describes the individual as the source of all morality.
(b) It treats the conscience as evidence of innate morality.
(c) It locates the moral reasoning in God, which is to say in everything.
(d) It ascribes natural law to God's will.

8. What is the danger of volitional evolution, in Edmund Wilson's account?
(a) Pandemics can be created.
(b) Populations can be eradicated.
(c) Sea levels can rise.
(d) People can become less human.

9. What are effective ethical codes based on?
(a) Religion.
(b) Scientific laws.
(c) Inherited custom.
(d) Objective knowledge.

10. What evolution creates culture?
(a) Symbolic language.
(b) Environment.
(c) Theories of representation.
(d) Genetics.

11. What did economists do during the Marginalist Era in economics?
(a) They described production as the result of supply and demand.
(b) They examined social behaviors as individual activities.
(c) They used statistics to model mass behaviors.
(d) They used science to analyze motives and trends in the mass.

12. What power does Wilson attribute to men who control large amounts of territory?
(a) The power to distribute genes widely.
(b) The power to determine the local economy.
(c) The power to create monopolies.
(d) The power to command people's labor.

13. How many billion people can the earth sustain, theoretically?
(a) 12.
(b) 16.
(c) 22.
(d) 10.

14. What does status give a man power to do, in Edmund Wilson's account?
(a) Have more influence.
(b) Have more offspring.
(c) Have more money.
(d) Have more wives.

15. Which social science does Edmund Wilson say is best situated to bridge the gap between natural science and social science?
(a) Political science.
(b) Economics.
(c) Sociology.
(d) Anthropology.

Short Answer Questions

1. What are social scientists lacking, according to Wilson?

2. What does natural selection provide for a species?

3. How many disorders are caused by genes?

4. How many children per parent would families need to have for the world's population to reach 12.5 billion by 2050?

5. What problem does Wilson attribute to failures in the social sciences?

(see the answer keys)

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