Consilience: The Unity of Knowledge Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. How do hereditarians see the evolution of culture?
(a) As the result of environmental factors.
(b) As an emergence of the world spirit.
(c) As a change in brain chemistry.
(d) As the result of nature.

2. How many billion people can the earth sustain, theoretically?
(a) 22.
(b) 12.
(c) 10.
(d) 16.

3. What does natural consilience connect?
(a) Language and culture.
(b) Time and change.
(c) Heredity and culture.
(d) Language and genetics.

4. What does Edmund Wilson say wars are products of?
(a) Genes and culture.
(b) Political failures.
(c) Resources and demand.
(d) Technological imbalances.

5. What evolution creates culture?
(a) Symbolic language.
(b) Genetics.
(c) Environment.
(d) Theories of representation.

6. What does Edmund Wilson credit human nature with altering?
(a) Technological influences.
(b) The environment.
(c) Epigenetic rules.
(d) Language.

7. What is the weakness of the current era of economics, in Edmund Wilson's account?
(a) It cannot predict all human behaviors.
(b) It is too focused on the micro-analysis.
(c) It relies on too few variables.
(d) It is grounded in untenable assumptions.

8. What field does culture need to be linked with, in order to be explained, according to Wilson?
(a) Economics.
(b) Natural sciences.
(c) Language.
(d) Religion.

9. Where can integrity be attained, according to Wilson?
(a) Through the innate sense of moral reasoning.
(b) Through obedience to religion.
(c) Through submission to tradition.
(d) Through acts that feel good and true.

10. What does Edmund Wilson say the arts ultimately create?
(a) Science.
(b) Rituals and consistency.
(c) Religion.
(d) Consilience.

11. How do nurturists see the evolution of culture?
(a) As a result of genetics.
(b) As a complex interplay of environment and language.
(c) As a result of environment.
(d) As result of language.

12. How does the empiricist view ethical reasoning?
(a) As a series of choices.
(b) As a series or rejections of childish language.
(c) As a series of struggles within the self.
(d) As a series of innate contradictions.

13. Which social science does Edmund Wilson say is best situated to bridge the gap between natural science and social science?
(a) Political science.
(b) Sociology.
(c) Economics.
(d) Anthropology.

14. What consequence does Wilson describe to technological advancement?
(a) Unprecedented access to knowledge.
(b) Racial discrimination.
(c) Environmental damage.
(d) Economic inequality.

15. Where does postmodernism fail to accord with science, in Edmund Wilson's account?
(a) In rooting creativity in social behavior.
(b) In describing the brain as chaotic.
(c) In describing the arts as strictly cultural.
(d) In refusing to accept statistical modeling of individual behavior.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Edmund Wilson say cultures are made of?

2. Where does Edmund Wilson say consilience is beneficial?

3. What are effective ethical codes based on?

4. What does status give a man power to do, in Edmund Wilson's account?

5. How does Edmund Wilson define ethics?

(see the answer keys)

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