|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does science seek, in Wilson's account?
(a) Interesting hypotheses.
(b) Objective truth based on hypothesis.
(c) The mind of God.
(d) Probably hypothesis.
2. What can biological research do for complexity theory, in Wilson's account?
(a) Demonstrate how the cell is a unified organism.
(b) Demonstrate how the cell has adapted to the numerous variables that influence its functions.
(c) Demonstrate how layers of complexity interact.
(d) Demonstrate how many variables influence a cell's functioning.
3. What does Wilson use the discussion of the unity of species to prepare for?
(a) A discussion of the conscience and society.
(b) A discussion of the equality of genders.
(c) A discussion of the inevitability of progress.
(d) A discussion of the unity of sciences.
4. What did the idea of intellectual unity foster in the Enlightenment?
(a) Human rights.
(b) Racial supremacy.
(d) European supremacy.
5. What does Wilson say was the consequence of Robespierre's employment of the concept of the general will?
(a) 17,000 Frenchmen were killed.
(b) The French undermined their own revolution.
(c) The French went to war with Russia.
(d) Napoleon rose to power.
6. How does Wilson describe the strength of the French Revolution?
(a) It tried to improve educational opportunities.
(b) It appropriated church lands for the people.
(c) It led to the rise of Napoleon.
(d) It concentrated wealth in a small group's hands.
7. Where does the unification of intellectual work have its benefit, in Wilson's account?
(a) In environmental policy.
(b) In philosophy.
(c) In politics.
(d) In the future.
8. What does Wilson mean by the Ionian Enchantment'?
(a) Belief in a transcendent spirit.
(b) Belief in the unity of species.
(c) Belief in a historical process.
(d) Belief in the multiplicity of forms.
9. Who influenced Wilson's idea of unified learning?
(c) Van Buren.
10. Why have scientific models of the brain failed to explain consciousness?
(a) Because scientists are limited in the experiments they can perform on human beings.
(b) Because consciousness is always shifting and cannot be modeled.
(c) Because models of brain activity do not replicate the sense of 'being there' inside the brain.
(d) Because living and reproducing do not require self-understanding.
11. How can science help us, in Wilson's account?
(a) Science can reveal the extent of human powerlessness.
(b) Science can expand the limits of what we can see.
(c) Science can give us better stories to tell about psychological nature.
(d) Science can show us how our impressions are created by our feelings.
12. Wilson says that biological classification is based on the "Origin of Species" and what?
(a) Systems theory.
(b) Military organization.
13. What do the laws of physics transcend, in Wilson's account?
14. Whose ideas influenced the formation of the French slogan "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity"?
(a) de Sade.
15. What field of questions does Wilson say remain unanswered?
(a) Questions about the nature of matter.
(b) Questions about things beyond our auditory range.
(c) Questions about the effect of environment on individuals.
(d) Questions about the mind's capabilities.
Short Answer Questions
1. How many cells comprise the brain?
2. What does temporal-lobe epilepsy cause?
3. How did Wilson react against the religion he inherited?
4. After considering all the different contexts for ants' communication, how does Wilson describe their form of communication?
5. When was complexity theory formed?
This section contains 570 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)