Consilience: The Unity of Knowledge Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Where is the seat of consciousness in the brain?
(a) In the hind-brain.
(b) In the mid-brain.
(c) In the fore-brain.
(d) There is no center of consciousness.

2. How does consilience work?
(a) By breaking things down and putting them back together.
(b) By providing a context and a practical consequence to each scientific study.
(c) By providing different models for the same behavior.
(d) By making science relevant to the humanities.

3. How has the postmodern fragmentation of knowledge affected consilience, in Wilson's account??
(a) It has generated unprecedented discussions between disciplines.
(b) It has created the conditions for unification.
(c) It has not been useful.
(d) It has opened new fields.

4. What effect does Wilson say evolution had?
(a) It changed the social order among men.
(b) It revealed the mechanism of God's working.
(c) It ended the importance of religion.
(d) It changed the classification of animals.

5. How did Locke distinguish between culture and history?
(a) Culture followed laws, history evolved.
(b) Culture was chaotic, history was self-organizing.
(c) Culture fostered the passions, history fostered reason.
(d) Culture was built forward, history was built backward.

6. What is reductionism?
(a) The analysis of components of a system or problem.
(b) The analysis of the interrelation of all the parts of a system or problem.
(c) The use of abstractions and generalizations to explain phenomena.
(d) The study of the context for a system or problem.

7. What is the relationship between politicians and intellectuals, in Wilson's account?
(a) They obfuscate each other's work.
(b) They are not related.
(c) They misinterpret each other's work.
(d) They have a mutually supportive role.

8. What has research on the mind had to focus on?
(a) The working brain.
(b) The soul.
(c) The spirit.
(d) Behavior.

9. What does science use as proof of a theory?
(a) Repeated experiments.
(b) Natural laws.
(c) Hypotheses.
(d) Phenomena witnessed by neutral observers.

10. What does science seek, in Wilson's account?
(a) Objective truth based on hypothesis.
(b) Probably hypothesis.
(c) Interesting hypotheses.
(d) The mind of God.

11. How does Wilson characterize the current state of knowledge?
(a) Unified.
(b) Interconnected.
(c) Irreconcilable.
(d) Fragmented.

12. How does Wilson explain the ideal scientist's work ethic?
(a) Think like whales, work like minnows.
(b) Think like eagles, work like ants.
(c) Think like poets, work like bookkeepers.
(d) Think like children, work like fathers.

13. What did Enlightenment thinkers tried to link, in Wilson's account?
(a) Science and humanities.
(b) Man and animal.
(c) Reason and religion.
(d) Humanity and philosophy.

14. What might be a consequence of the unification of knowledge, in Wilson's account?
(a) A new sense of what divides mankind against itself.
(b) A better understanding of ourselves.
(c) New fields of exploration.
(d) Streamlined education.

15. After considering all the different contexts for ants' communication, how does Wilson describe their form of communication?
(a) As released pheromones.
(b) As electrochemical resonance.
(c) As instinctive teamwork.
(d) As socially conditioned.

Short Answer Questions

1. How does consilience help us understand organisms?

2. What does Wilson mean by the Ionian Enchantment'?

3. What does science try to integrate, in Wilson's account?

4. What can biological research do for complexity theory, in Wilson's account?

5. What does Wilson say he was searching for as a young man?

(see the answer keys)

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