|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What decision was effectively made in human evolution as the brain found its present size?
(a) Excess over efficiency.
(b) Curiosity over security.
(c) Dreams over experiences.
(d) Intelligence over strength.
2. What did Enlightenment thinkers tried to link, in Wilson's account?
(a) Humanity and philosophy.
(b) Reason and religion.
(c) Science and humanities.
(d) Man and animal.
3. What do the natural science stimulate, in Wilson's account?
(b) Other sciences.
(c) Religious controversy.
4. What purpose does Wilson say dreams serve?
(a) Improving responses relevant to survival.
(b) Developing the soul through cathexes.
(c) Giving the self access to the collective unconscious.
(d) Telling the conscious self about the doings of its unconscious.
5. What force did John Locke believe in, in Wilson's account?
(a) The nurturing force of the environment.
(b) The damaging force of society.
(c) The civilizing force of discipline.
(d) The therapeutic force of society.
6. Why have scientific models of the brain failed to explain consciousness?
(a) Because consciousness is always shifting and cannot be modeled.
(b) Because scientists are limited in the experiments they can perform on human beings.
(c) Because living and reproducing do not require self-understanding.
(d) Because models of brain activity do not replicate the sense of 'being there' inside the brain.
7. What can biological research do for complexity theory, in Wilson's account?
(a) Demonstrate how layers of complexity interact.
(b) Demonstrate how many variables influence a cell's functioning.
(c) Demonstrate how the cell is a unified organism.
(d) Demonstrate how the cell has adapted to the numerous variables that influence its functions.
8. What accomplishment does Wilson say Einstein strove for in his work?
(a) Locate the missing mass in the universe.
(b) Find the singularity at the beginning of the universe.
(c) Unify space, time and motion.
(d) Express the universe in a mathematical formula.
9. What religion was Wilson born into?
(c) Southern Baptism.
10. How many genes does the brain consist of?
(d) 71, 145.
11. How does Wilson characterize the relationship between consilience and the material world?
(a) He says it is implicit.
(b) He says it can only be known through language.
(c) He says that consilience is a sublime concept that can never be presented in fact.
(d) He says that consilience can only be seen through a philosophical lens.
12. What does Wilson use the discussion of the unity of species to prepare for?
(a) A discussion of the conscience and society.
(b) A discussion of the equality of genders.
(c) A discussion of the unity of sciences.
(d) A discussion of the inevitability of progress.
13. Where do government policies typically originate, in Wilson's account?
(a) In politicians' thinking.
(b) In popular consensus.
(c) In experts in each field or region.
(d) In majority rule.
14. What event marks the end of the Enlightenment, in Wilson's account?
(a) The birth of Wordsworth.
(b) The French Revolution.
(c) The American Revolution.
(d) The death of de Sade.
15. How can scientists monitor the working brain, in Wilson's account?
(a) In behavior.
(b) In snapshots.
(c) In limited experiments.
(d) In real-time analysis.
Short Answer Questions
1. How many cells comprise the brain?
2. How do Gnostics and alchemists view snakes?
3. What is the relationship between politicians and intellectuals, in Wilson's account?
4. What does Wilson say that humans are incapable of seeing?
5. What political movement did Condorcet inspire?
This section contains 585 words
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