Consilience: The Unity of Knowledge Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. How does consilience work?
(a) By breaking things down and putting them back together.
(b) By providing a context and a practical consequence to each scientific study.
(c) By making science relevant to the humanities.
(d) By providing different models for the same behavior.

2. After considering all the different contexts for ants' communication, how does Wilson describe their form of communication?
(a) As instinctive teamwork.
(b) As electrochemical resonance.
(c) As socially conditioned.
(d) As released pheromones.

3. How did Locke distinguish between culture and history?
(a) Culture fostered the passions, history fostered reason.
(b) Culture was chaotic, history was self-organizing.
(c) Culture followed laws, history evolved.
(d) Culture was built forward, history was built backward.

4. Whose ideas influenced the formation of the French slogan "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity"?
(a) de Sade.
(b) Locke.
(c) Condorcet.
(d) Rousseau.

5. What did Freud focus on, in his investigation of dreams?
(a) The role of original traumas.
(b) The role of the self's desire for power.
(c) The role of infant sexual experience.
(d) The role of the unconscious.

6. What do the laws of physics transcend, in Wilson's account?
(a) Mythologies.
(b) Languages.
(c) Galaxies.
(d) Cultures.

7. What is the goal, in Wilson's account, of molecular research on human cells?
(a) Curing cancer.
(b) Discovering new life forms.
(c) Recreating human tissue from cell cultures.
(d) Producing organs.

8. What did Enlightenment thinkers tried to link, in Wilson's account?
(a) Humanity and philosophy.
(b) Man and animal.
(c) Science and humanities.
(d) Reason and religion.

9. What force did John Locke believe in, in Wilson's account?
(a) The damaging force of society.
(b) The nurturing force of the environment.
(c) The therapeutic force of society.
(d) The civilizing force of discipline.

10. What does science use as proof of a theory?
(a) Natural laws.
(b) Phenomena witnessed by neutral observers.
(c) Hypotheses.
(d) Repeated experiments.

11. What problem does Wilson identify in Freud's research on dreams?
(a) He experimented with cocaine.
(b) He uses mental patients for his experiments.
(c) He was monomaniacally focused on childhood sexual trauma.
(d) He didn't test his hypotheses.

12. How has the postmodern fragmentation of knowledge affected consilience, in Wilson's account??
(a) It has not been useful.
(b) It has opened new fields.
(c) It has created the conditions for unification.
(d) It has generated unprecedented discussions between disciplines.

13. What does science try to integrate, in Wilson's account?
(a) Elements of systems.
(b) Systems of explaining phenomena.
(c) The foundations of different sciences.
(d) The history of science.

14. How do nerve cells in the brain connect?
(a) Through dendrites.
(b) Through neurons.
(c) Through axons.
(d) Through synapses.

15. How does consilience help us understand organisms?
(a) By examining their environment.
(b) By examining their organization.
(c) By reconstructing them from cells.
(d) By seeing their evolution.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Wilson mean by the Ionian Enchantment'?

2. What did Condorcet pioneer?

3. Who influenced Wilson's idea of unified learning?

4. What effect does Wilson say evolution had?

5. How does Wilson characterize the modern definition of dreams?

(see the answer keys)

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