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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What abstract concept does Montaigne say he would not marry?
2. Montaigne relates the rumors that certain baths are supposed to have powers related to what?
3. The historical essay near the end of Book 2 of Essays centers around what ancient civilization?
4. What did Christ teach about the treatment of women?
5. Montaigne warns against the dangers of a relationship between what types of people?
Short Essay Questions
1. According to the note at the beginning of Book 3 of Essays: Chapter 12, why is the editor interested in Montaigne's travel journals?
2. What are Montaigne's influences in his "Apology to Raymond Sebond"?
3. Overall, what is Montaigne's writing style like?
4. What does Montaigne say about truth?
5. What influences may have caused Montaigne to have a greater respect for women?
6. Why do the Genoese keep Guiseppe locked up?
7. What are some of the powers that Roman baths are reputed to have?
8. What is Montaigne's general perspective?
9. What does Montaigne admit about himself?
10. What disappointed Montaigne in Rome?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Montaigne believes in the reality of objective truth, ideas that exist in a perfect state, without the need for human interpretation. He believes that although he, and all other humans, are imperfect interpreters of these truths, they cannot be diminished or tarnished in any way by human failings.
1) Discuss the concept of truth that Montaigne articulates in his essays. How are truths understood and derived, and where do they come from? How do human beings interact with the truth?
2) Montaigne suggests that he may contradict himself from time to time. Discuss one example of this, and describe how Montaigne might explain his mistake. How would he justify the perfection of the truth he was attempting to express in the face of this contradiction?
3) Discuss the importance of the concept of objective truth in some of Montaigne's other philosophies. How does it relate to these other ideas, and how are his arguments bolstered by a reliance on objective truth?
Essay Topic 2
Montaigne regards lying to be a major vice, but one which he makes a minor exception for in certain cases. He discusses this vice in detail, describing some ways that it causes problems for those who indulge in it, and discussing ways that lies can be discovered.
1) Describe Montaigne's opinion about the acceptability of lying. Does he believe it is a vice in all cases? Does Montaigne believe that some lies are morally acceptable, or even desirable?
2) Discuss the negative effects that Montaigne says lying has on those who compulsively or frequently lie.
3) Explain the strategies that Montaigne recommends for identifying and uncovering lies.
Essay Topic 3
"The Apology of Reymond Sebond", a major work in the medieval era, was of great interest to Montaigne, who translated a copy of it into French. He believed that the arguments is contained were of great importance to both Christians and non-Christians.
1) Discuss, in general, the content of Reymond Sebond's work, and describe its place in the intellectual discourse in Montaigne's time.
2) Describe some of the reasons that Montaigne regarded Sebond's work as being particularly important and influential.
3) Summarize the major points that Montaigne makes about this work, and any of the major weaknesses that he identifies.
4) Asses, overall, how meaningful and important Sebond's work was in its era.
This section contains 806 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)