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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. In Book 1 of Essays: Chapter 3, Essay #10, Montaigne says that the people he discusses view scars as marks of what?
2. What religion was Montaigne raised in?
3. What was unusual about what Gutenburg did with bibles?
4. In Book 1 of Essays: Chapter 2, Essays #4 and #5, Montaigne says that many consider deceit to be an essential part of what?
5. What character trait does Montaigne say are specifically brought about by a particular treatment of children by parents?
Short Essay Questions
1. Why does Montaigne say that parental affection is important for a child's development?
2. What unusual rule did Knights of the Spanish order that Montaigne discusses have to obey, and why?
3. What problem does Henry, the duke of Normandy, experience in one of Montaigne's stories?
4. What consequences did his father's opinion on education have on Montaigne?
5. How does Montaigne suggest that virtue is different from kindliness?
6. What was the unusual book that Montaigne translated for his father?
7. Why does Montaigne believe that solitude is important?
8. What is strange about the way Feudalism tends to divide territory?
9. What important contribution did Gutenburg make?
10. What effects does Montaigne say that bravery can bring about in the enemy?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Montaigne regards lying to be a major vice, but one which he makes a minor exception for in certain cases. He discusses this vice in detail, describing some ways that it causes problems for those who indulge in it, and discussing ways that lies can be discovered.
1) Describe Montaigne's opinion about the acceptability of lying. Does he believe it is a vice in all cases? Does Montaigne believe that some lies are morally acceptable, or even desirable?
2) Discuss the negative effects that Montaigne says lying has on those who compulsively or frequently lie.
3) Explain the strategies that Montaigne recommends for identifying and uncovering lies.
Essay Topic 2
The subject of repentance is central to Montaigne's religion, and he expresses sincere and powerful opinions on the subject, making clear distinctions about what can be repented for, and how this act can be cathartic or destructive.
1) Discuss what repentance means to Montaigne, why it is important to a healthy spiritual life, and how its misuse can be harmful.
2) Describe the limits and rules that Montaigne recommends for repentance. What type of acts does he say cannot be repented of?
3) Discuss Montaigne's assessment of the importance of repentance in Christianity and in Catholicism specifically. Explain how these ideas relate to Montaigne's own opinions.
Essay Topic 3
Montaigne believes in the reality of objective truth, ideas that exist in a perfect state, without the need for human interpretation. He believes that although he, and all other humans, are imperfect interpreters of these truths, they cannot be diminished or tarnished in any way by human failings.
1) Discuss the concept of truth that Montaigne articulates in his essays. How are truths understood and derived, and where do they come from? How do human beings interact with the truth?
2) Montaigne suggests that he may contradict himself from time to time. Discuss one example of this, and describe how Montaigne might explain his mistake. How would he justify the perfection of the truth he was attempting to express in the face of this contradiction?
3) Discuss the importance of the concept of objective truth in some of Montaigne's other philosophies. How does it relate to these other ideas, and how are his arguments bolstered by a reliance on objective truth?
This section contains 866 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)