|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. William Herschel was the first astronomer to make "acute, systematic observations of the universe" beyond what?
2. One element of quantum physics was that one could either determine where a particle was or its what?
3. What are fuzzy patches of glowing material that can be observed throughout the universe?
4. What refers to the change in frequency of a wave for an observer moving relative to the source of the wave?
5. When did Protestant clergyman John Wilkins speak of man's settling on the moon?
Short Essay Questions
1. What discoveries did Charles Darwin make on his five-year expedition described in Chapter 13: "The Age of the Earth"?
2. What does the author assert to be the scientist's method and approach in Chapter 20: "The Persistence of Mystery"?
3. What was theorized in a paper written by Vesto Slipher in the early 20th century, according to the author in Chapter 11: "The Expansion of the Universe"?
4. How are nebulae defined in Chapter 8: "Deep Space"? What are the different classes of nebulae?
5. What influences led William Herschel in his studies of nebulae, according to the author in Chapter 8: "Deep Space"?
6. What does the author assert man has always speculated about in Chapter 18: "The Origin of the Universe"?
7. How does the author describe theoretical physicists in Chapter 16: "Rumors of Perfection"?
8. What influenced Emmanuel Kant in his interest in cosmology according to the author in Chapter 8: "Deep Space"?
9. What does the author state mankind has come to with the universe in Chapter 20: "The Persistence of Mystery"? Why?
10. What advancements led to the discovery of the composition of the stars, according to the author in Chapter 10: "Einstein's Sky"?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Describe and discuss the work of William Herschel and the discovery of Uranus. What influenced Herschel to study nebulae? How did Herschel improve upon the telescope? How did the ideas of Kant and Lambert influence Herschel?
Essay Topic 2
Discuss and analyze the works of Archimedes and Aristarchus, and the library at Alexandria. Upon whose work were Archimedes's theories based? When was the Alexandria library established? When was it destroyed? What was its principle purpose? Who had access to the library?
Essay Topic 3
Describe and discuss the Great Pyramid, the Egyptians, Stonehenge, and the cosmological views of ancient civilizations as described in the book. What purpose did the study of cosmology serve these people? In what cultures was there particular interest in cosmology? Why?
This section contains 955 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)