|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Who backed the losing side of a power struggle and was jailed and executed in 524 A.D.?
2. When was Galileo Galilei born?
3. Practical reasons for learning about the stars and their movement included what in ancient times, according to the author in Chapter 1: "The Dome of Heaven"?
4. Newton's interest turned to the skies and he saw the need for a telescope that improved upon Galileo's what?
5. Who did Christopher Columbus persuade to finance his search for a New World?
Short Essay Questions
1. What scholars and astronomers influenced the theories of Copernicus, according to the author in Chapter 4: "The Sun Worshipers"?
2. What explorations around the Cape of Good Hope does the author describe in Chapter 3: "The Discovery of the Earth"? When did these take place?
3. How had Greek science changed by Archimedes' death according to the author in Chapter 2: "Raising (and Lowering) the Roof"?
4. What discoveries did Galileo make in his studies of the cosmos, according to the author in Chapter 5: "The World in Retrograde"?
5. What interests did Isaac Newton have in addition to science, according to the author in Chapter 6: "Newton's Reach"?
6. How did the concept of inertia change the image of the cosmos, according to the author in Chapter 2: "Raising (and Lowering) the Roof"?
7. What did Galileo attempt do bring physics into the study of in Chapter 5: "The World in Retrograde"?
8. What had remained a major problem for explorers at sea as described by the author in Chapter 7: "A Plumb Line to the Sun"?
9. How did Newton demolish Arisotle's dual universe according to the author in Chapter 6: "Newton's Reach"?
10. What theory did Copernicus work tirelessly to prove, according to the author Chapter 4: "The Sun Worshipers"? When were his ideas published?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Analyze and discuss the theories of Isaac Newton, Rene Descartes, and Plato. How was Newton influenced by Descartes and Plato? What advancements did Newton make on the theories of the earlier astronomers and philosophers? Also discuss Newton's fascinations with religion, alchemy and magic. How did these interests conflict with his scientific interests?
Essay Topic 2
Define, analyze and discuss micrometry, triangulation, and Euclidean geometry. When were micrometry and triangulation developed? By whom? How were these methods used to determine distance? Who was Euclid and when did he live?
Essay Topic 3
Analyze and discuss the theories and works of Tycho Brahe, Johannes Kepler, and Aristotle. How did Tycho prove Aristotle's theories wrong? How did the supernova explosion contribute to Tycho's theories and ideas?
This section contains 980 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)