|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Who wrote, "The greatest of all the accomplishments of twentieth-century science has been the discovery of human ignorance"?
(a) James Williams.
(b) Giuseppe Cocconi.
(c) Philip Morrison.
(d) Lew Thomas.
2. Who was the first physicist to conceptualize the vacuum genesis?
(a) Mikolai Kopernik.
(b) Joseph Fraunhofer.
(c) James Keeler.
(d) Edward Tryon.
3. There is suspicion that there may be undetected matter which astronomers refer to as what?
(b) Quantum flux.
(c) Dark matter.
4. The man who associated the red-shift of the galaxies with Einstein's relativity was a Belgian priest and mathematician named what?
(a) Claudius Ptolemy.
(b) Edwin Hubble.
(c) Fred Hoyle.
(d) Georges Lemaitre.
5. In the latter part of the 20th century, man began to abandon what in favor of actual exploration?
Short Answer Questions
1. According to the author, the vacuum genesis argues that something came from nothing and the quantum genesis advocates the application of the random nature of ______ to the early universe.
2. William Herschel became most famous for the discovery of which planet?
3. William Herschel first became interested in nebulae when he read books by stargazers James Ferguson and whom?
4. Quantum physics first emerged in what year?
5. Fermions fall into two categories: quarks which respond to force and what which do not react to force?
Short Essay Questions
1. What led to the emergence of quantum physics according to the author in Chapter 15: "The Quantum and its Discontents"?
2. What led to the origination of spectroscopy and astrophysics, according to the author in Chapter 10: "Einstein's Sky"?
3. What does the author assert to be the scientist's method and approach in Chapter 20: "The Persistence of Mystery"?
4. What influences led William Herschel in his studies of nebulae, according to the author in Chapter 8: "Deep Space"?
5. How does the author describe the world of science in the twentieth century in Chapter 17: "The Axis of History"?
6. What did Johann Lambert write of his discoveries, according to the author in Chapter 8: "Deep Space"?
7. Why did Darwin delay the publication of "The Origin of the Species" according to the author in Chapter 14: "The Evolution of Atoms and Stars"?
8. What schools of thought does the author describe regarding elliptical nebulae in Chapter 9: "Island Universes"?
9. How have advancements in the sciences improved mankind, according to the author in Chapter 19: "Mind and Matter"?
10. Who was the first physicist to conceptualize the vacuum genesis? How was his work perceived according to the author in Chapter 18: "The Origin of the Universe"?
This section contains 954 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)