|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. According to the author, the universe could have emerged from nothing without violating any natural laws since the energy emitted from celestial objects (positive) is balanced by what, resulting in a net zero amount of energy?
(a) Dark matter.
(b) Quantum flux.
2. In the world of quantum physics, fermions comprise matter and bosons convey what?
(b) Dark matter.
3. When was René Descartes born?
4. What theorized that the spiral and elliptical nebulae were clouds of gas that were forming new stars?
(a) The Tychonic system.
(b) Quantum mechanics.
(c) The "nebular hypothesis."
(d) The "island universe."
5. Kant first became interested in space travel after reading a review of what philosopher's book?
(a) Thomas Wright's.
(b) John Harrison's.
Short Answer Questions
1. Who wrote, "The greatest of all the accomplishments of twentieth-century science has been the discovery of human ignorance"?
2. In the world of quantum physics, there are two categories of particles: particles with fractional spin called fermions and those of integer spin, called what?
3. Where was René Descartes born?
4. What is the second premise of "On the Origin of Species"?
5. The "probability" nature of quantum physics bothered what physicist who thought a some point a quantum theory of certitudes would be developed?
Short Essay Questions
1. What obstacles did early quantum physicists have, as described by the author in Chapter 15: "The Quantum and its Discontents"?
2. What were the strengths of Darwin's "The Origin of the Species," according to the author in Chapter 14: "The Evolution of Atoms and Stars"?
3. What was theorized in a paper written by Vesto Slipher in the early 20th century, according to the author in Chapter 11: "The Expansion of the Universe"?
4. What discoveries did Charles Darwin make on his five-year expedition described in Chapter 13: "The Age of the Earth"?
5. How have advancements in the sciences improved mankind, according to the author in Chapter 19: "Mind and Matter"?
6. Who was the first physicist to conceptualize the vacuum genesis? How was his work perceived according to the author in Chapter 18: "The Origin of the Universe"?
7. What does the author assert to be the scientist's method and approach in Chapter 20: "The Persistence of Mystery"?
8. What influenced Emmanuel Kant in his interest in cosmology according to the author in Chapter 8: "Deep Space"?
9. What led to the emergence of quantum physics according to the author in Chapter 15: "The Quantum and its Discontents"?
10. How does the author describe theoretical physicists in Chapter 16: "Rumors of Perfection"?
This section contains 964 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)