|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What is a division of the astronomical science that is concerned with getting data, in contrast with theoretical astrophysics, which is mainly concerned with finding out the measurable implications of physical models?
(b) Observational astronomy.
2. With advancements in clocks and the development of better maps, astronomers attempted to triangulate what planets?
(a) Mars and Saturn.
(b) Saturn and Pluto.
(c) Venus and Mars.
(d) Jupiter and Pluto.
3. When was Aristotle born?
(a) 330 B.C.
(b) 384 B.C.
(c) 385 B.C.
(d) 410 B.C.
4. Copernicus and Kepler measured the distances of the solar system which were expressed in what?
(a) Astronomical units.
5. What carpenter turned clockmaker invented the marine chronometer?
(a) Marco Polo.
(b) John Harrison.
(c) Jean Richer.
Short Answer Questions
1. Aristotle created a model of the universe based on whose work?
2. As a physicist, Galileo attempted to bring physics into the discovery of what?
3. Who discovered the rotation of Jupiter?
4. Newton's first law expanded on the theory of inertia by asserting that an object stays in motion unless it is what?
5. Eudoxus of Cnidus was a student of whom?
Short Essay Questions
1. How did Newton demolish Arisotle's dual universe according to the author in Chapter 6: "Newton's Reach"?
2. With whom did Eudoxus study astronomy, according to the author in Chapter 1: "The Dome of Heaven"? Where?
3. How does the author describe micrometry in Chapter 7: "A Plumb Line to the Sun"?
4. What had remained a major problem for explorers at sea as described by the author in Chapter 7: "A Plumb Line to the Sun"?
5. What were the practical reasons for ancient civilizations to focus on the cosmos, as described by the author in Chapter 1: "The Dome of Heaven"?
6. What theory did Copernicus work tirelessly to prove, according to the author Chapter 4: "The Sun Worshipers"? When were his ideas published?
7. What did Galileo invent and develop as a result of debt in Chapter 5: "The World in Retrograde"?
8. Who developed the marine chronometer? How is his work described in Chapter 7: "A Plumb Line to the Sun"?
9. How does the author describe the work and theories of Claudius Ptolemy in Chapter 1: "The Dome of Heaven"?
10. How are the early years of Copernicus described in Chapter 4: "The Sun Worshipers"? What and where did he study?
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