|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Galileo was appointed as a professor of mathematics at what institution?
(a) The University of Zurich.
(b) The University of Pisa.
(c) The University of Chicago.
(d) The University of Paris.
2. What is the resistance of any physical object to a change in its state of motion or rest, or the tendency of an object to resist any change in its motion?
(c) Quantum flux.
(d) Quantum mechanics.
3. When was Edmond Halley born?
4. Where was Nicolaus Copernicus from?
5. Where was Eudoxus of Cnidus born?
Short Answer Questions
1. What refers to motion in the direction opposite to the movement of something else, and is the contrary of direct or prograde motion?
2. Galileo's contributions to observational astronomy include the telescopic confirmation of the phases of what planet?
3. American Indians lost in the woods could find their way with the help of whom, according to the author in Chapter 3: "The Discovery of the Earth"?
4. After the fall of Rome, Christian zealots were said to have burned all the "pagan" books in the library where?
5. Eudoxus of Cnidus was a student of whom?
Short Essay Questions
1. What aspects of the cosmos confused ancient astronomers, according to the author in Chapter 1: "The Dome of Heaven"?
2. How did Newton demolish Arisotle's dual universe according to the author in Chapter 6: "Newton's Reach"?
3. What did Galileo invent and develop as a result of debt in Chapter 5: "The World in Retrograde"?
4. What had remained a major problem for explorers at sea as described by the author in Chapter 7: "A Plumb Line to the Sun"?
5. What does the author say is symbolized by the work of Galileo in Chapter 5: "The World in Retrograde"?
6. What achievements did Eudoxus go on to accomplish after his studies? Who did he influence, according to the author in Chapter 1: "The Dome of Heaven"?
7. How did the concept of inertia change the image of the cosmos, according to the author in Chapter 2: "Raising (and Lowering) the Roof"?
8. How is the telescope Newton developed described in Chapter 6: "Newton's Reach"?
9. Why did global exploration expand interest in the cosmos, according to the author in Chapter 3: "The Discovery of the Earth"?
10. What scholars and astronomers influenced the theories of Copernicus, according to the author in Chapter 4: "The Sun Worshipers"?
This section contains 951 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)