|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. In what country is Stonehenge located?
2. What is the astronomical model in which the Earth and planets revolve around a stationary Sun at the center of the universe?
(c) The Tychonic system.
3. Most of Copernicus's work was unpublished until his death because he feared what?
(a) Retribution from his wife.
(b) Retribution from his family.
(c) Retribution from the Church.
(d) Retribution from the scientific community.
4. In what year did Bartholomeu Diaz round the Cape of Good Hope on the southern tip if Africa?
5. What Arabic secret society published tables of planetary distances that had been calculated by Aristarchus?
(a) The Brothers of Peace.
(b) The Brethren of Purity.
(c) The Scientific Mathematics.
(d) The Arabic Society.
Short Answer Questions
1. What word means small or tiny?
2. Copernicus and Kepler measured the distances of the solar system which were expressed in what?
3. When did Venetian Alvise da Cadamosto discover the Southern Cross?
4. What was a model of the solar system published by Tycho Brahe in the late 16th century which combined what he saw as the mathematical benefits of the Copernican system with the philosophical and "physical" benefits of the Ptolemaic system?
5. Galileo was appointed as a professor of mathematics at what institution?
Short Essay Questions
1. What sparked the reawakening of interest in the cosmos, according to the author in Chapter 3: "The Discovery of the Earth"?
2. Who developed the marine chronometer? How is his work described in Chapter 7: "A Plumb Line to the Sun"?
3. What did Tycho witness in 1572 that influenced his ideas, according to the author in Chapter 4: "The Sun Worshipers"?
4. What theory did Copernicus work tirelessly to prove, according to the author Chapter 4: "The Sun Worshipers"? When were his ideas published?
5. Where was the epicenter of sea exploration, according to the author in Chapter 3: "The Discovery of the Earth"? Who established an astronomical observatory and navigational institute at this time?
6. What aspects of the cosmos confused ancient astronomers, according to the author in Chapter 1: "The Dome of Heaven"?
7. What were the practical reasons for ancient civilizations to focus on the cosmos, as described by the author in Chapter 1: "The Dome of Heaven"?
8. How had Greek science changed by Archimedes' death according to the author in Chapter 2: "Raising (and Lowering) the Roof"?
9. How does the author describe micrometry in Chapter 7: "A Plumb Line to the Sun"?
10. How did the rise of Christianity impact the sciences according to the author in Chapter 2: "Raising (and Lowering) the Roof"?
This section contains 945 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)