|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. When was the conquest of Alexander the Great?
(a) 330 B.C.
(b) 385 B.C.
(c) 410 B.C.
(d) 384 B.C.
2. What is a division of the astronomical science that is concerned with getting data, in contrast with theoretical astrophysics, which is mainly concerned with finding out the measurable implications of physical models?
(c) Observational astronomy.
3. As far back as Ptolemy, geography was employed as an aid in the study of what, according to the author in Chapter 3: "The Discovery of the Earth"?
4. Who was the first to explore the coast of Africa and discover its rich natural resources in Chapter 3: "The Discovery of the Earth"?
(a) Prince Henry the Navigator.
(b) Martin Luther.
(c) Mikolai Kopernik.
(d) Nicole Oresme.
5. Who wrote the work "Mathematical Syntaxis"?
(a) Claudius Ptolemy.
(d) Albert Einstein.
Short Answer Questions
1. Where was Eudoxus of Cnidus born?
2. Copernicus and Kepler measured the distances of the solar system which were expressed in what?
3. According to the author in Chapter 7: "A Plumb Line to the Sun," some ships and their crews were lost at sea because it was difficult to establish what?
4. Aristotle declared that a body in rest tended to do what?
5. The last great Western scientist before the Dark Ages was whom, according to the author?
Short Essay Questions
1. How is the telescope Newton developed described in Chapter 6: "Newton's Reach"?
2. What scholars and astronomers influenced the theories of Copernicus, according to the author in Chapter 4: "The Sun Worshipers"?
3. How does the author describe micrometry in Chapter 7: "A Plumb Line to the Sun"?
4. When did Newton develop his theory of gravity, according to the author in Chapter 6: "Newton's Reach"? What was his first law?
5. What achievements did Aristarchus accomplish in the sciences according to the author in Chapter 2: "Raising (and Lowering) the Roof"? What did Archimedes write?
6. How had Greek science changed by Archimedes' death according to the author in Chapter 2: "Raising (and Lowering) the Roof"?
7. How does the author describe the work and theories of Claudius Ptolemy in Chapter 1: "The Dome of Heaven"?
8. How are the early years of Copernicus described in Chapter 4: "The Sun Worshipers"? What and where did he study?
9. Where did the pursuit of science evolve after the rise of Christianity, according to the author in Chapter 2: "Raising (and Lowering) the Roof"?
10. What explorations around the Cape of Good Hope does the author describe in Chapter 3: "The Discovery of the Earth"? When did these take place?
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