|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. William Herschel first became interested in nebulae when he read books by stargazers James Ferguson and whom?
(a) Robert Smith.
(b) Rene Descartes.
(c) Tycho Brahe.
(d) Captain James Cook.
2. The first step in the exploration of intergalactic space was taken by what philosopher?
(a) John Harrison.
(b) Emanuel Kant.
(c) Jean Richer.
(d) Claudius Ptolemy.
3. What is the geometric theory of gravitation published by Albert Einstein in 1916?
(b) General relativity.
(c) The Tychonic system.
(d) Quantum mechanics.
4. When was Albert Einstein born?
5. The photographs taken by who in England in the 1880s proved that most nebulae were spirals?
(a) Isaac Roberts.
(b) William Parsons.
(c) John Calvin.
(d) James Keeler.
6. The first step in the exploration of intergalactic space was taken by what mathematician?
(a) Jean Richer.
(c) Johann Lambert.
(d) John Harrison.
7. When was René Descartes born?
8. According to the author in Chapter 19, what has demonstrated that man cannot be a detached observer?
(a) Black holes.
(b) Quantum physics.
(d) Darwinian evolution.
9. William Herschel became most famous for the discovery of which planet?
10. Who concluded that the process of the earth's creation was part of an infinite repeating cycle of development and destruction?
(b) Edwin Hubble.
(c) George Gamow.
(d) Fred Hoyle.
11. In Chapter 9, the author discusses how there were two schools of thought about elliptical nebulae. One was the theory of what by Kant and Lambert?
(a) The "island universe."
(b) Quantum mechanics.
(c) The "nebular hypothesis."
(d) The Tychonic system.
12. When did Protestant clergyman John Wilkins speak of man's settling on the moon?
13. In Chapter 15, the author writes that physicists learned that when an electron was elevated into a higher orbit, it moved from lower to higher orbit without what?
(a) Gaining or losing heat.
(b) Traversing the intervening space.
(c) Gaining momentum.
(d) Gaining or losing energy.
14. Where was Albert Einstein born?
15. What refers to one of the extremely small constituents of matter, as an atom or nucleus?
(c) Retrograde motion.
Short Answer Questions
1. Charles Darwin based his hypothesis that the world was old and always changing on the works of whom?
2. What Russian scientist theorized that the beginning of the universe may have started with a core so hot and dense that it created nuclear fusion and created the elements now known to man?
3. There is suspicion that there may be undetected matter which astronomers refer to as what?
4. Who wrote in fourth century BC that "to consider the earth as the only populated world in infinite space is as absurd as to assert that in an entire field sown with millet only one grain will grow"?
5. The author of "An Original Theory or New Hypothesis of the Universe" described the Milky Way as what?
This section contains 472 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)