|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. SETI was first proposed in 1959 by Giuseppe Cocconi and whom?
(a) Philip Morrison.
(b) Albert Einstein.
(c) James Williams.
(d) Isaac Newton.
2. Lambert wrote in his "Cosmological Letters" that the sun was a star on the a disc-shaped system of stars known as what?
(a) Dark matter.
(b) The Milky Way.
(c) The sun.
3. Quantum physics first emerged in what year?
4. What was the name of Charles Darwin's grandfather who had written the book, "Zoonomia"?
(a) Erasmus Darwin.
(b) Johann Darwin.
(c) Edwin Darwin.
(d) James Darwin.
5. In the world of quantum physics, fermions comprise matter and bosons convey what?
(a) Dark matter.
6. According to the author in Chapter 19, what has obliterated the barrier between man and animal by proving that we all originate from the same source?
(a) Darwinian evolution.
(b) Quantum physics.
(c) Black holes.
7. In Chapter 9, the author discusses how there were two schools of thought about elliptical nebulae. One was the theory of what by Kant and Lambert?
(a) The "island universe."
(b) Quantum mechanics.
(c) The Tychonic system.
(d) The "nebular hypothesis."
8. What is defined as a sacred narrative explaining how the world and humankind came to be in their present form?
9. The man who associated the red-shift of the galaxies with Einstein's relativity was a Belgian priest and mathematician named what?
(a) Fred Hoyle.
(b) Claudius Ptolemy.
(c) Georges Lemaitre.
(d) Edwin Hubble.
10. What is a branch of physics that studies the existence and interactions of particles that are the constituents of what is usually referred to as matter or radiation?
(b) Particle physics.
11. What Russian scientist theorized that the beginning of the universe may have started with a core so hot and dense that it created nuclear fusion and created the elements now known to man?
(a) George Gamow.
(b) Edwin Hubble.
(c) Claudius Ptolemy.
(d) Fred Hoyle.
12. Charles Darwin based his hypothesis that the world was old and always changing on the works of whom?
(a) Emanuel Kant.
(b) Charles Lyell.
(c) Jean Richer.
(d) Edwin Hubble.
13. The "probability" nature of quantum physics bothered what physicist who thought a some point a quantum theory of certitudes would be developed?
(b) Robert Hooke.
(c) Albert Einstein.
(d) Jean Richer.
14. The subject of a universe of galaxies emerged again when Johann Lambert was appointed where?
(a) The University of Paris.
(b) The Berlin Academy of Sciences.
(c) Oxford University.
(d) Harvard University.
15. Who elevated spectroscopy to an exact science?
(a) Joseph Fraunhofer.
(b) Nicole Oresme.
(c) Mikolai Kopernik.
(d) William Parsons.
Short Answer Questions
1. Who wrote in fourth century BC that "to consider the earth as the only populated world in infinite space is as absurd as to assert that in an entire field sown with millet only one grain will grow"?
2. Scientists were able to confirm that the same elements found in the sun were also present where?
3. A combination of the telescope, the camera and what would ultimately reveal the composition of the stars?
4. According to the author, there may have been a short period during which the universe expanded more rapidly than before or after. This concept is referred to as what theory?
5. Who discovered the period-luminosity phenomena that enabled the distances of the Milky Way and objects in deep space to be measured?
This section contains 561 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)