|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Where was William Herschel from?
2. Where was Albert Einstein born?
3. According to the author, the vacuum genesis argues that something came from nothing and the quantum genesis advocates the application of the random nature of ______ to the early universe.
(c) Quantum flux.
(d) Dark matter.
4. The first step in the exploration of intergalactic space was taken by what philosopher?
(a) Emanuel Kant.
(b) John Harrison.
(c) Jean Richer.
(d) Claudius Ptolemy.
5. Quantum physics first emerged when who theorized that energy came in discrete units called quanta?
(a) Max Planck.
(b) Isaac Newtwon.
6. What is the geometric theory of gravitation published by Albert Einstein in 1916?
(b) Quantum mechanics.
(c) The Tychonic system.
(d) General relativity.
7. Who estimated that the existence of over one hundred thousand such spiral nebulae was possible?
(a) John Calvin.
(b) William Parsons.
(d) James Keeler.
8. The photographs taken by who in England in the 1880s proved that most nebulae were spirals?
(a) Isaac Roberts.
(b) James Keeler.
(c) John Calvin.
(d) William Parsons.
9. The subject of a universe of galaxies emerged again when Johann Lambert was appointed where?
(a) Oxford University.
(b) Harvard University.
(c) The University of Paris.
(d) The Berlin Academy of Sciences.
10. What is the religious belief that humanity, life, the Earth, and the universe are the creation of a supernatural being, most often referring to the Abrahamic God?
11. What does SETI stand for?
(a) Satellite for elliptical integers.
(b) Stationary energy transmission intelligence.
(c) Search for extraterrestrial intelligence.
(d) Static energy for transintelligence.
12. Who wrote in fourth century BC that "to consider the earth as the only populated world in infinite space is as absurd as to assert that in an entire field sown with millet only one grain will grow"?
(b) John Harrison.
(c) Emanuel Kant.
13. What is defined as a sacred narrative explaining how the world and humankind came to be in their present form?
14. Who discovered the period-luminosity phenomena that enabled the distances of the Milky Way and objects in deep space to be measured?
(a) Robert Smith.
(b) Jean Richer.
(c) Harlow Shapley.
(d) Henrietta Leavitt.
15. William Herschel first became interested in nebulae when he read books by stargazers James Ferguson and whom?
(a) Tycho Brahe.
(b) Captain James Cook.
(c) Robert Smith.
(d) Rene Descartes.
Short Answer Questions
1. In 1929, who confirmed movement away from earth and evidence of cosmic expansion?
2. According to the author in Chapter 19, what has obliterated the barrier between man and animal by proving that we all originate from the same source?
3. What was the name of Charles Darwin's grandfather who had written the book, "Zoonomia"?
4. Although the behavior of gravitation still holds in Einstein's theory of relativity, there is a breakdown when it comes to gravitational fields within what?
5. When was "Evolution of the Universe" written?
This section contains 477 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)