|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. According to the author in Chapter 19, what has demonstrated that man cannot be a detached observer?
(a) Quantum physics.
(b) Darwinian evolution.
(d) Black holes.
2. According to the author in Chapter 19, what has shown that the same matter and elements exist everywhere?
(a) Quantum physics.
(c) Black holes.
(d) Darwinian evolution.
3. In Chapter 16, the author describes theoretical physicists, saying,"Theoretical physicists, like artists are guided in their work by aesthetic as well as" what concerns?
4. The subject of a universe of galaxies emerged again when Johann Lambert was appointed where?
(a) The Berlin Academy of Sciences.
(b) Harvard University.
(c) The University of Paris.
(d) Oxford University.
5. What is defined as a sacred narrative explaining how the world and humankind came to be in their present form?
6. A combination of the telescope, the camera and what would ultimately reveal the composition of the stars?
(a) The particle scope.
(b) The micrometer.
(c) The spectroscope.
(d) The microscope.
7. According to the author, there may have been a short period during which the universe expanded more rapidly than before or after. This concept is referred to as what theory?
(a) The inflationary universe theory.
(b) The general theory of relativity.
(c) The Tychonic system.
(d) The special theory of relativitiy.
8. A spectrum analysis of what nebula proved that it was not gaseous but contained stars?
(a) The Kant nebula.
(b) The Aristotilian nebula.
(c) The Andromeda nebula.
(d) The Halley nebula.
9. The first step in the exploration of intergalactic space was taken by what mathematician?
(a) John Harrison.
(b) Johann Lambert.
(c) Jean Richer.
10. When was René Descartes born?
11. When was William Herschel born?
12. When was "Evolution of the Universe" written?
13. What is a device that uses electromagnetic fields to propel charged particles to high speeds and to contain them in well-defined beams?
(a) Particle accelerator.
14. What is the second premise of "On the Origin of Species"?
(a) Survival is based on the process of natural selection.
(b) Living creatures create more off-spring than nature can support.
(c) There are variations within species.
(d) Survival is based on nature versus nurture.
15. Where was Albert Einstein born?
Short Answer Questions
1. Who estimated that the existence of over one hundred thousand such spiral nebulae was possible?
2. What Russian scientist theorized that the beginning of the universe may have started with a core so hot and dense that it created nuclear fusion and created the elements now known to man?
3. In the latter part of the 20th century, man began to abandon what in favor of actual exploration?
4. What theorized that the spiral and elliptical nebulae were clouds of gas that were forming new stars?
5. Who concluded that the process of the earth's creation was part of an infinite repeating cycle of development and destruction?
This section contains 482 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)