|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Johann Sigurjonsson is _____ of the Marine Research Institute in Iceland.
2. What are the fishing ground off the coast of Ireland called?
3. Most Icelandic towns have a population under _____ people.
4. In 1881, a shipyard in Hull built a steam-powered trawler called the _____.
5. What was the forerunner of sonar?
Short Essay Questions
1. How did navigation improve in fishing in the 17th century?
2. How did the invention of filleting machinery change New England's cod fishing industry?
3. Why did Icelanders rejoice in the addition of the 12-mile limit zone around their country?
4. Why did President Harry Truman impose protected zones for American fisheries?
5. What effect did the term "scrod" have on consumer's perspective on fish?
6. What skills did fishermen learn in the wake of the imposition of 200-mile zones?
7. What happened to many British and German trawlers during the second Cod War?
8. What did Halldór Laxness win the Nobel Prize for and why?
9. What were the Grandmother messages of 1928?
10. Why did it take over seventy years for Europeans to convert their cod fishing fleets to engine power?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
How have the migratory patterns of cod changed? What is the effect of arctic cod on other cod species? What signs of possible extinction are being noticed by fishermen? What species have replaced the cod as profitable catches? How have their migratory patterns changed?
Essay Topic 2
How did the development of schooners change the cod fishing industry? Describe these ships. What other functions happened on board a schooner besides fishing? What races were developed from schooner technology? How were schooners integral to the Gorton's seafood company?
Essay Topic 3
What is the difference between netting and longlining? Which method is considered more "democratic"? By whom, and why?
This section contains 674 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)